Are you sniffling and sneezing? If so, you’re not alone. It seems like our entire city has a cold right now. At our house, we’ve been resting, drinking lots of hot lemon and ginger drinks and broths, getting out in the sunshine, and trying to remember all of those other time-tested cold remedies.
Then, I remembered some research I read sometime ago about a substance that beats codeine when it comes to knocking out a cough – cocoa. That’s right, I recalled an urgent reason to consume chocolate. I felt better just thinking about it.
Then my skepticism kicked in. Didn’t it sound just a little too good to be true? Could the confections manufacturing industry be conducting research into these miraculous health benefits of cocoa, by any chance?
So I decided to dig up the research again. It’s the theobromine in cocoa that researchers pegged as more effective at keeping hacking at bay than codeine. “Theobromine works by suppressing vagus nerve activity, which is responsible for causing coughing,” a Science Daily article about the 2004 study explained. The researchers isolated the theobromine from cacao beans for the study and used it in doses much higher than I would get in, say, a velvety cup of hot cocoa. But still, a large mug could only help.
I was on my way to prepare one, when I glimpsed another Science Daily article, this one from 2006. “Scientists at the University of Manchester’s North West Lung Centre have found that codeine – a standard ingredient in cough remedies — could be no more effective than an inactive placebo compound at treating cough,” it read.
Wait a minute, so codeine – the gold standard of cough suppressants that all other cough suppressants are judged against – may not actually, um, suppress coughs? Where does that leave theobromine?
In general, I’ve been feeling discouraged about medical studies these days. I love to read them, especially when they reveal reasons I should eat chocolate or go for walks or garden, or do any of the other things I enjoy doing. But I’ve started wondering if reading nutrition and medical research might actually be harmful to our health.
Remember when we were all supposed to be loading up on antioxidants? Well, according to new research, those oxidants we were fending off with high doses of beta carotene and vitamins C and E actually serve necessary functions in our bodies like fighting toxins and battling cancer.
And remember how we were supposed to be loading up on Vitamin D, because all of us were hopelessly deficient? Well, now according to a study commissioned by the U.S. and Canadian governments, “Vitamin D and calcium supplements are unnecessary for most people and may be harmful to some.”
If these findings are troublesome, Sharon Begley’s January 24 piece in Newsweek “Why Almost Everything You Know About Medicine is Wrong” is downright disturbing. She writes:
If you follow the news about health research, you risk whiplash. First garlic lowers bad cholesterol, then—after more study—it doesn’t. Hormone replacement reduces the risk of heart disease in postmenopausal women, until a huge study finds that it doesn’t (and that it raises the risk of breast cancer to boot). Eating a big breakfast cuts your total daily calories, or not—as a study released last week finds. Yet even if biomedical research can be a fickle guide, we rely on it.
But what if wrong answers aren’t the exception but the rule? More and more scholars who scrutinize health research are now making that claim. It isn’t just an individual study here and there that’s flawed, they charge. Instead, the very framework of medical investigation may be off-kilter, leading time and again to findings that are at best unproved and at worst dangerously wrong. The result is a system that leads patients and physicians astray—spurring often costly regimens that won’t help and may even harm you.
Of course, I couldn’t stop myself from reading the rest of the research on cocoa. It turns out that “the health benefits of epicatechin, a compound found in cocoa, are so striking that it may rival penicillin and anaesthesia in terms of importance to public health … ” Chocolate consumption may also lower blood pressure, prevent heart failure, lower stroke risk, and boost brain power.
Or, hey, maybe not. But I decided to stew over it while making some hot cocoa, not so much because of its purported health benefits, but because I remembered something from my childhood. When my sister or I got a sore throat, sometimes my parents would get us a little ice cream treat to soothe it. I’m fairly certain ice cream does not cure a sore throat. I’ d guess that quite a few health gurus would argue that sugar and dairy only worsen a cold. But those little ice cream treats made being sick feel not quite as bad. And maybe that’s the healthiest thing we can do for ourselves when we’re sick.
I whipped up the healthiest hot cocoa I could manage, and it was a huge hit with my son. I think there’s something to the cocoa cure.
Here’s the recipe, in case you’re feeling a cough coming on:
- 2 cups milk (whatever kind you drink – cow, goat, soy, almond, rice, hemp, coconut… )
- 4 teaspoons cocoa (Rapunzel and Dagoba both make delicious,organic, fair trade 100% pure cocoa)
- 4 teaspoons sucanat (or agave syrup, honey, sugar, or your sweetener of choice)
- Splash of vanilla (optional)
- Pinch of cinnamon (optional)
- Pinch of cayenne (optional)
What’s your favorite cold remedy? Are you a believer in the cocoa cure? I’d love to hear from you.