15 Companion Crops For Swiss Chard (And Crops To Keep away from!)

Companion Plants For Swiss Chard

Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla) is a cool season member of the beet household. It’s well-known for its massive tasty leaves and colourful stems. The edible stems develop in a wide range of colours, like purple, white, and purple. The colourful stems add a pop of coloration and enhance dietary worth to any recipe.

Swiss chard is simple to develop within the house backyard and has a number of companion vegetation that can assist it thrive naturally. Whereas the leafy inexperienced has many good companion vegetation, there are just a few vegetation that ought to by no means be grown round it.

Learn on to find the very best companion vegetation for Swiss chard and the way they assist the plant develop. Additionally, you will uncover the backyard vegetation that ought to by no means be planted close to Swiss chard and why.

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What Is Companion Planting?

Companion planting is planting a wide range of totally different crops collectively for mutual profit (Supply: West Virginia College). Each plant has a minimum of one companion that can assist it develop and be productive. Realizing which vegetation make the very best companions and planting them close to one another will give your backyard a greater likelihood of success.

Companion planting creates a helpful backyard surroundings that permits all of the vegetation to thrive. All vegetation convey one thing helpful to the backyard. Some repel dangerous pests, whereas others entice good pests.

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Some vegetation enhance soil vitamins, some enhance the construction of the soil, tall vegetation present shade from the afternoon solar to shorter vegetation, and vegetation with tall, sturdy stalks present an natural trellis for vining vegetation to develop up on.

Here’s a record of the very best companions for Swiss chard. A few of these are most likely already a household favourite, so that you gained’t be sacrificing backyard area simply to develop a companion for the leafy inexperienced vegetable. 

The record additionally contains the backyard greens that ought to by no means be grown Swiss chard.

See additionally: 13 Efficient Zucchini Companion Crops To Attempt Now!

Companion Crops For Swiss Chard

If you’re seeking to develop Swiss chard in your backyard, think about planting the next companion vegetation to assist your Swiss chard develop wholesome and powerful.

Listed below are the very best companion vegetation for Swiss shards:

1- Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) are members of the cabbage household. As well as, brussels sprouts have a shallow root system, so that they gained’t compete for the moisture and vitamins which might be deep inside the backyard soil.

Swiss chard develops a deep root system and may have sole entry to all of the meals and water that lies deep below the soil floor.

Brussels sprouts additionally develop upward and gained’t compete for above-ground soil area. They’re typically grown in the summertime for a fall-to-winter harvest.

Genus identify Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Household Brassicaceae
Widespread Identify – Brussels Sprouts
– Sprouts
Life Cycle Annual
Gentle Necessities – Brussels Sprouts thrive in full solar with about six or extra hours of direct daylight each day.
– Or partial Shade with 2-6 hours of direct daylight.
pH Necessities Impartial, between 6.0 to eight.0
Soil Kind Effectively drained clay, loam, or sand soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2 to 11
How To Develop Brussels Sprouts – plantsheaven.com (Supply: North Carolina State College)

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2- Beans

Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is a well-liked backyard worldwide grown for snap beans, shell beans, or dry beans. As well as, beans enhance the nitrogen stage within the soil, and that helps the Swiss chard develop bigger leaves.

Swiss chard incorporates a excessive magnesium content material, which helps enhance the chlorophyll manufacturing of beans. Plant bush beans so the vegetation gained’t shade the Swiss chard.

Genus identify Phaseolus vulgaris
Household Fabaceae
Widespread Identify – Inexperienced bean
– Widespread bean
– Snap bean
– French bean
– String bean
Life Cycle – Vegetable
– Annual
Gentle Necessities Full solar
pH Necessities Between 6 and seven
Soil Kind – Silt loams or clay are higher than sandy soils
– And good drainage is crucial.
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2 to 11
How To Develop Brussels Inexperienced bean – plantsheaven.com (Supply: the College of Minnesota)

3- Cabbage

Cabbage is a member of the mustard household that grows finest in cool climate. It is best to begin cabbage indoors in the event you plant it within the spring for the summer season harvest. Plant seed instantly within the backyard in early July for a fall crop.

Cabbage has a shallow root system and develops right into a compact head that takes up minimal area. Cabbage grows nicely in partial shade and is good for planting between chard vegetation.

Genus identify Brassica oleracea
Household Brassicaceae
Widespread Identify Cabbage
Life Cycle – Annual
– Vegetable
– Biennial
Gentle Necessities Full solar
pH Necessities Between 6 to 7
Soil Kind Cabbage thrives in well-drained, moist, and fertile soil.
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2 to 11
How To Develop Cabbage – plantsheaven.com (Supply: College of Minnesota)

4- Collards

Collards (Brassica oleracea) will be cultivated in early spring or fall manufacturing as most mature vegetation will face up to frosts and lightweight to medium freezes

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Collards are large-leafed members of the Brassicas household and gained’t compete for a similar vitamins wanted by chard vegetation.

Don’t plant with different members of the Brassicas household (cabbage, kale, broccoli) close to Swiss chard due to the pests the vegetation could entice.

Genus identify Brassica oleracea L. subsp. acephala
Household
Widespread Identify – Collards
– Collard greens
– Tree cabbage
Life Cycle Biennial; however it’s normally grown as an annual
Gentle Necessities It thrives in full solar to half shade
pH Necessities Between 6.5 to six.8
Soil Kind It does nicely in fertile, moist, and well-drained soil.
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 6 to 11
How To Develop Collards (Brassica oleracea) – plantsheaven.com

5- Chives

The chive plant, Allium schoenoprasum, is a part of the onion household (Alliaceae). Chives develop nicely in full solar and in well-drained soil wealthy in natural matter.

Chives have a robust aroma that repels widespread backyard pests. They’ll produce blooms early within the spring to draw the early pollinators.

Genus identify Allium schoenoprasum
Household Alliaceae
Widespread Identify – Widespread chives
– Chives
Life Cycle – Perennial
– Herbaceous
Gentle Necessities It thrives in each gentle shade and full solar.
pH Necessities Chives develop nicely, with a pH between 6.0 to 7.0
Soil Kind Wealthy, loamy, and sandy soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Between 3 to 9
How To Develop chive plant, Allium schoenoprasum – plantsheaven.com (Supply: College of Minnesota)

6- Cilantro

Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) is a wonderful addition to any herb backyard as it’s a comparatively straightforward plant to develop.  Cilantro helps preserve flea beetles away from the leafy inexperienced chard vegetation.

Cilantro is finest grown within the early spring, however you too can begin it within the fall. It grows shortly, typically producing its first harvest of leaves inside 30 days.

Genus identify Coriandrum sativum
Household Apiaceae
Widespread Identify – Coriander
– Cilantro
– Chinese language parsley
Life Cycle – Herb
– Annual
Gentle Necessities Cilantro grows nicely each in full solar and partial solar.
pH Necessities Between 6.2 to six.8
Soil Kind Wealthy, moist, loamy, and well-drained
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2 to 11
How To Develop Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) – plantsheaven.com

7Flowers

Flowers will entice pollinators, so they assist the plant be productive. Flowers with sturdy scents will even repel dangerous bugs and are perfect for planting close to chard.

Swiss chard is a beautiful plant and can make a colourful addition to an annual flower mattress. I counsel you select:

  • Candy alyssum or nasturtiums assist preserve aphids out of your backyard beds. 
  • Marigolds as they repel nematodes that will eat in your Swiss chard.

See additionally: How To Use Yarrow As Companion Crops For Your Backyard.

Companion Plants For Swiss Chard

8- Kohlrabi And Kale

Kohlrabi and kale are extra Bracious relations with shallow root techniques and can make good companion vegetation for Swiss chard.

If you’re involved in rising kale, I encourage you to learn this text on How To Take away Aphids From Kale.

Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes) thrives in loamy, well-drained soil with excessive natural matter and impartial pH between 6.0 to 7.5. 

See additionally: 5 Of The Finest Companion Crops For Lantana To Know About!

Companion Plants For Swiss Chard

9- Leeks

Leeks (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum) are tolerant of chilly; you can begin seeds indoors and transplant them in early spring. Most leeks have an extended rising season of about 120 to 150 days.

Leeks have a robust aroma that wards off dangerous backyard pests. After they bloom, the pollen-rich flowers will entice pollinators, and the leeks don’t compete with Swiss chard for a similar vitamins.

Genus identify Allium ampeloprasum
Household Amaryllidaceae
Widespread Identify Leek
Life Cycle – Annual
– Vegetable
– Perennial
Gentle Necessities Full solar
pH Necessities Between 6.0 and seven.0
Soil Kind Wealthy, well-drained, and loamy soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 5 to 9
How To Develop Leeks (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum) – plantsheaven.com

10- Marigolds

Marigolds (Tagetes spp.) are cheerful flowers with heat colours and are the most typical and reliable of all bedding flowers.

Marigolds repel nematodes within the soil, and the flower repels many different above-ground backyard pests that might devour your backyard.

Genus identify Tagetes spp.
Household Asteraceae
Widespread Identify Marigold
Life Cycle – Annual
– Herbaceous
Gentle Necessities They do nicely in full solar
pH Necessities Between 6.0 to 7.0
Soil Kind Wealthy, moist, and well-drained soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2 to 11
How To Develop Marigolds (Tagetes spp.) – plantsheaven.com

11- Mint

Mint is a aromatic herb that repels flea beetles that like to feast on chard vegetation. This herb plant has enticing inexperienced foliage and produces a tiny white bloom cluster in mid-summer that entice helpful bugs.

Mint leaves can be utilized in lots of culinary functions. And the plant produces a tiny white bloom cluster in mid-summer.

Genus identify Mentha spp.
Household Lamiaceae
Widespread Identify Mint
Life Cycle – Herb
– Perennial
Gentle Necessities Mint vegetation develop nicely in each full and partial gentle
pH Necessities Between 7.0 to eight.0
Soil Kind Moist, loamy, and well-drained soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 3 to 11
How To Develop Mint Plant – plantsheaven.com

12- Nasturtiums

Nasturtium, Tropaeolum majus, is an easy-to-grow, warm-season annual or perennial relying on the USDA zones.

Nasturtiums assist to maintain aphids out of the backyard so that they gained’t suck all of the sap out of the Swiss chard stems. These colourful flowers are additionally edible and change nitrogen within the backyard soil.

Genus identify Tropaeolum spp.
Household Tropaeolaceae
Widespread Identify Nasturtium
Life Cycle – Perennial
– Annual
Gentle Necessities Nasturtium prefers full solar.
pH Necessities Between 6.5 and seven.5
Soil Kind Moist, loamy, and well-drained soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 3 to 11
How To Develop Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) – plantsheaven.com

13- Shallots

Shallots are a part of the Allium genus, together with garlic, onions, chives, and some different decorative vegetation. The phrase “shallot” refers to a definite group of vegetation in an onion subgroup, often known as “multiplier onions,” producing greater than two bulbs per plant.

Shallots are a member of the onion household, and like all of the onion relations, they postpone an aroma that can deter pests.

In addition they have shallow roots and small bulbs that gained’t be competing with Swiss chard for soil vitamins and moisture.

Genus identify – French shallot
– Shallot
– Dutch shallot
– Grey shallot
Household Amaryllidaceae
Widespread Identify Allium cepa var. aggregatum (previously
Allium stipitatum (Persian shallot)
A. oschaninii (French shallot)
Allium ascalonicum (Dutch shallot)
Life Cycle – Bulb
– Biennial
Gentle Necessities Shallot plant thrives in full solar
pH Necessities Between 5.5 to 7.0.
Soil Kind Wealthy, loamy, and well-drained soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2 to 10
How To Develop Shallots – plantsheaven.com

14- Turnips

Turnips preserve slugs and snails away from the tender inexperienced leaves of Swiss chard. Plant turnips across the Swiss chard to behave as a bait plant you probably have issues with slugs and snails within the backyard

Even when the pests eat the leaves of the turnip plant, you’ll nonetheless have a nutritious edible bulb below the soil to be harvested. The turnip bulb additionally helps to maintain the soil free so moisture can soak down into the soil deeper.

Genus identify Brassica rapa
Household Brassicaceae
Widespread Identify Turnip
Life Cycle Annual vegetable
Gentle Necessities Develop nicely in full solar to half shade
pH Necessities Between 6.0 and 6.5
Soil Kind Sandy, wealthy and well-draining soil
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2 to 10
How To Develop Turnips – plantsheaven.com

15- Peppermint

Peppermint (Mentha × Piperita) is taken into account a hybrid between spearmint (Mentha spicata) and watermint (Mentha aquatic).

Furthermore, peppermint is aromatic and retains the flea beetles away from the chard. In the event you don’t plant a companion plant for Swiss chard that retains these hungry pests away from the inexperienced leaves, you’ll have to use pesticides. Flea beetles love chard and can devour the plant.

Genus identify Mentha × piperita
Household Lamiaceae
Widespread Identify (Supply: Purdue College) – Brandy mint,
– American mint
– Lamb mint
– Lammint
Life Cycle Perennial
Gentle Necessities Peppermint thrives in full solar
pH Necessities Between 6.0 and seven.5
Soil Kind It does nicely in most forms of soil besides arid soils.
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 5 to 9
How To Develop Peppermint (Mentha × Piperita) – plantsheaven.com (Supply: North Carolina State College)

There’s a chard selection that is known as Peppermint Swiss Chard that has darkish inexperienced frilly leaves on prime of purple and white striped stems. It’s a beautiful edible plant that matches completely right into a flower mattress.

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Keep away from These Crops

  • Though Swiss chard is within the beet household, don’t plant beets close by. The 2 vegetation will compete for a similar vitamins and entice the identical pests. The depletion of vitamins and elevated pest inhabitants will quickly overcome the plant and trigger it to be stunted or die.
  • Don’t plant spinach or amaranth close by for a similar motive as beets. These crops entice the identical pests, they usually might simply destroy the crops. 
  • Don’t plant something within the gourd household close to Swiss chard, together with melons, cucumbers, and squash. These crops will compete for a similar soil vitamins and may entice pests which might be dangerous to Swiss chard.
  • Don’t plant pole beans near Swiss chard. Though the pole beans will add nitrogen to the soil, the tall-growing pole beans will block the solar from the sun-loving chard plant.
  • Don’t develop sunflowers close to Swiss chard; they exude chemical compounds that may be poisonous to all of the close by vegetation. 
  • Potatoes and Swiss chard don’t get alongside nicely within the backyard. Potato vegetation entice pests that like to feast on the tender inexperienced leaves and stems of the chard. The potatoes additionally develop deep into the soil and compete with chard for moisture and vitamins.

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Develop Anyplace

Swiss chard is a gorgeous plant and will be efficiently grown anyplace so long as you plant a few companion vegetation close by.

Develop it in containers on a sunny balcony, in a raised mattress, in a flower mattress, or in an in-ground backyard.