how to grow potatoes in the garden

how to grow potatoes in the garden

You simply cannot beat the style of potatoes contemporary from your individual backyard. Here is the best way to plant potatoes for bountiful harvest this summer time.

When to plant potatoes

Seed potatoes are pretty cold-tolerant and may go within the floor in early spring when soil temperatures attain 50 levels F — concerning the time dandelions are blooming. However defend any new foliage from late frosts with panorama material or an outdated sheet. Harm induced to the foliage could not kill the plant however may set it again so you do not get as many potatoes as you’ll have in any other case.

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Potatoes do finest with full solar and well-drained soil. Don’t be concerned in case your soil is not nice, we have now a few various rising methods for you additional down the web page.

What to plant

As a substitute of planting the seed from potato flowers, you may get simpler and faster outcomes by planting cut-up items or small-sized tubers referred to as “seed potatoes”. Get licensed disease-free seed potatoes from native or on-line nurseries in early spring. You too can reduce up those which are sprouting within the pantry.

Which kind of potato ought to I develop?

Positive, yow will discover just a few varieties of potatoes within the grocery retailer, however develop your individual and the choices skyrocket — giant, small, lengthy, stubby, pink, blue or yellow – there’s a potato for each style. Native backyard facilities usually have a number of sorts, however if you wish to experiment, you would possibly discover the choices of some of the net sources listed beneath. Potatoes fall into the six form and coloration classes proven within the chart and embody dozens of sorts in every one. You’ll discover tried-and-true heirlooms which were round for generations, new varieties with improved style or illness and pest resistance and all the pieces in between.

Sources for seed potatoes

  • Johnny’s Chosen Seeds
  • Peaceable Valley Farm Provide
  • Seed Savers Trade
  • The Maine Potato Girl™

Potato texture primer

When you get your potatoes within the kitchen, what it appears to be like like on the surface is not as essential as the inside texture — the combo of starch and water — that tells you the best way to prepare dinner it. Floury potatoes have extra starch than water so that they’re good for baking; waxy ones have extra water than starch and maintain up effectively in salads or throughout roasting. All-purpose potatoes, because the title implies, are probably the most versatile and can work for any of your cooking creations. Learn the catalog description of every selection to seek out the potato’s texture.

Potato sort Description Greatest makes use of Varieties to attempt Russet These potatoes have a thick pores and skin that’s mild to medium brown. The inside is white to yellow with a fluffy texture when cooked. Baking, mashing and roasting Gold Rush, Burbank, Pioneer Crimson A skinny pink pores and skin and white inside characterize this group. The agency texture holds up effectively to cooking. Soups, salads, roasting and mashing Norland Crimson, Strawberry Paw, Adirondack Crimson White White potatoes have buff-colored pores and skin with white flesh. They’ve a waxy, barely creamy texture and a low sugar content material. Frying, mashing, salads, steaming and boiling Superior, Kennebec, Elba Yellow Skinny mild tan to golden pores and skin with a yellow inside. It is a waxy potato with a creamy, barely buttery taste. Grilling, roasting, mashing and salads Yukon Gold, Natascha, Yellow Finn Blue / Purple Some have blue or purple pores and skin and flesh, others have colourful pores and skin with a white inside. Blues and purples have barely earthy style and maintain on to the beautiful coloration after they’re cooked. Roasting, grilling or salads Elmer’s Blue, Magic Molly, Purple Majesty Fingerling There are a number of colours with fingerlings, however they’re all rectangular in form with a waxy agency texture and a buttery or earthy style. Frying, roasting or salads Cowhorn, Nosebag, Russian Banana, Crimson Thumb

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how-to-grow-potatoes-cut-seed-potatoes-into-chunks-with-eyes: The pieces can be most any size, just make sure each one has 2 to 3 eyes.

The right way to put together seed potatoes for planting

  • In case your seed potato is golf ball dimension or smaller you may plant it complete.
  • Bigger than that and you may wish to reduce it into items which have 2 or 3 eyes every.
  • Let the items air-dry, for a day or two to kind a callous that helps it resist illness.

how-to-grow-potatoes-chit: Set small potatoes seed end up and when you see growth they

Chitting potatoes

It’s possible you’ll wish to give presprouting, or “chitting,” a attempt: It offers potatoes a head begin and should improve your harvest. The tip of the potato with dimples is the seed finish the place a lot of the development will come from.

With the seed finally ends up, set potatoes or items in a spot that stays round 70 levels F and will get oblique mild. I feel the egg carton above is an effective way to carry the potatoes up (and likewise transfer them to the backyard later). When you see brief, stubby sprouts in every week or two, they’re able to go within the backyard. However don’t wait too lengthy—leggy sprouts are fragile and break off simply.

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how-to-grow-potatoes-planting: Place the seed potato eye or sprout side up in a hole 3 to 4 inches deep.

The right way to plant potatoes with the hilling technique

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Hilling is an effective way to develop potatoes, whether or not they’re in rows or just some vegetation. Check out the illustration and how-to steps beneath.

  1. Plant the seed potato sprout-side-up in a planting gap 3 to 4 inches deep as you see within the photograph above. Press firmly so it makes good contact with the soil. Cowl it with 2 inches of compost or soil.
  2. Hold a watch out and when the stem has grown 6 inches taller cowl half of the stem with extra soil.
  3. Repeat step 2 till the “hill” is about 12 inches tall. Drought stress reduces the harvest, so add a 2- to 4-inch layer of natural mulch on high of your hill to preserve moisture.

how-to-plant-potatoes-hilling-method-illustration-steps

Hilling technique suggestions

  • Be sure that to water! Drought stress will cut back your yield and the soil on this small hill can dry out shortly. So make certain vegetation are getting 1 to 2 inches of water every week.
  • Feed vegetation each couple of weeks when you see stems poking by the soil with an natural liquid plant meals, resembling fish emulsion.
  • Keep away from high-nitrogen meals that may produce extra foliage and few tubers. Cease feeding and watering when the foliage begins to die again in late summer time.
  • Be sure that the potatoes keep lined with soil. These uncovered to the solar will develop poisonous inexperienced patches. (In the event that they do kind, reduce them off and eat the remainder of the potato.)

Harvesting suggestions

  • 2 weeks after vegetation bloom, fastidiously pull a few of the soil away from the stem. Snap off sufficient small potatoes for a meal and push the soil again in place so the remainder might be prepared later.
  • As soon as frost kills the foliage or it dies again by itself, it’s time to dig. With a spading fork, begin close to the sting of the hill and work your means towards the principle stem. After fastidiously digging the plant, return and sift by the soil along with your palms to seek out any potatoes that fell off beneath floor.

how-to-grow-potatoes-in-a-box2: Pull the side of the box away and you can see your potato harvest.

The right way to plant potatoes in a field or bag

Develop potatoes in a big field stuffed with compost or potting combine – no hilling wanted. Use any packing field not less than 18 inches deep with the underside intact, and fold the highest flaps into the field for structural stability. To make sure it didn’t collapse earlier than the season’s finish, I used a second field inside the primary.

  1. Put together seed potatoes for planting: In case your seed potato is golf ball dimension or smaller go forward and plant it complete. Bigger than that and you may wish to reduce it into items which have 2 or 3 eyes every.
  2. Fill the field with soil and plant the potatoes 4 to six inches deep.
  3. On the finish of the season, simply tear or reduce the field open, pull out potatoes and compost the remainder.

how-to-grow-potatoes-in-potting-soil-bag: Be sure to poke holes in the bottom of the bag for drainage.

Haven’t got a field? No drawback. Simply tear open a bag of potting soil, poke some holes within the backside for water to empty and plant your potatoes!

Frequent potato issues

For residence gardeners, potatoes are often fairly worry-free — however the slideshow beneath will aid you with a few of the extra frequent issues.

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