List of Windows Operating System Versions & History [In Order]

List of Windows Operating System Versions & History [In Order]

The Home windows working system (Home windows OS) refers to a household of working methods developed by Microsoft Company. We have a look at the historical past of Home windows OS from 1985 to current day.

The Home windows working system (Home windows OS) for desktop PCs is extra formally known as Microsoft Home windows and is definitely a household of working methods for private computer systems. Home windows has historically dominated the non-public pc world, operating, by some estimates, greater than 75 % of all private computer systems. Starting within the early 2000s, Home windows dominance has lessened with the expansion of the Linux and Mac working methods.

You're reading: of windows

Home windows gives a graphical person interface (GUI), digital reminiscence administration, multitasking, and help for a lot of peripheral gadgets. Along with Home windows working methods for private computer systems, Microsoft additionally gives working methods for servers and cellular gadgets.

Microsoft Home windows Working Methods for PCs

The next particulars the historical past of MS-DOS and Home windows working methods designed for private computer systems (PCs).

MS-DOS – Microsoft Disk Working System (1981)

Initially developed by Microsoft for IBM, MS-DOS was the usual working system for IBM-compatible private computer systems. The preliminary variations of DOS have been quite simple and resembled one other working system known as CP/M. Subsequent variations have turn out to be more and more subtle as they integrated options of minicomputer working methods.

Windows Operating system, screen shot of MS-DOS.

Home windows 1.0 – 2.0 (1985-1992)

Launched in 1985, Microsoft Home windows 1.0 was named because of the computing bins, or “home windows” that represented a basic side of the working system. As a substitute of typing MS-DOS instructions, Home windows 1.0 allowed customers to level and click on to entry the home windows.

In 1987 Microsoft launched Home windows 2.0, which was designed for the designed for the Intel 286 processor. This model added desktop icons, keyboard shortcuts and improved graphics help.

Home windows 3.0 – 3.1 (1990-1994)

Home windows 3.0 was launched in Might, 1900 providing higher icons, efficiency and superior graphics with 16 colours designed for Intel 386 processors. This model was the primary launch that offered the usual “feel and look” of Microsoft Home windows for a few years to come back. Home windows 3.0 included Program Supervisor, File Supervisor, Print Supervisor and video games like Hearts, Minesweeper, and Solitaire. Microsoft launched Home windows 3.1 in 1992.

Home windows 95 (August 1995)

Home windows 95 was launched in 1995 and was a serious improve to the Home windows working system. This OS was a major development over its precursor, Home windows 3.1. Along with sporting a brand new person interface, Home windows 95 additionally included a variety of essential inner enhancements. Maybe most essential, it supported 32-bit purposes, which meant that purposes written particularly for this working system would run a lot quicker.

Windows operation system, with a screen shot of Windows 95.

Read: what is cardstock paper used for

Though Home windows 95 was capable of run older Home windows and DOS purposes, it primarily eliminated DOS because the underlying platform. This resulted within the elimination of most of the previous DOS limitations, reminiscent of 640K of primary reminiscence and 8-character filenames. Different essential options on this working system have been the flexibility to mechanically detect and configure put in {hardware} (Plug-and-Play).

Home windows NT 3.1 – 4.0 (1993 – 1996)

A model of the Home windows working system. Home windows NT (New Expertise) was a 32-bit working system that supported preemptive multitasking. There are literally two variations of Home windows NT: Home windows NT Server, designed to behave as a server in networks, and Home windows NT Workstation for stand-alone or consumer workstations.

Home windows 98 (June 1998)

Home windows 98 supported a variety of new applied sciences, together with FAT32, AGP, MMX, USB, DVD, and ACPI. Its most seen characteristic, although, was the Energetic Desktop, which built-in the Net browser (Web Explorer) with the working system. From the person’s perspective, there was no distinction between accessing a doc residing regionally on the person’s laborious disk or on a Net server midway world wide.

Home windows ME – Millennium Version (September 2000)

The Home windows Millennium Version, known as “Home windows Me” was an replace to the Home windows 98 core and included some options that will be a part of the Home windows 2000 working system. This model additionally eliminated the “Boot in DOS” choice.

Home windows 2000 (February 2000)

Usually abbreviated as “W2K,” Home windows 2000 was an working system for enterprise desktop and laptop computer methods to run software program purposes, connect with Web and intranet websites, and entry information, printers, and community assets. Microsoft launched 4 variations of Home windows 2000: Skilled (for enterprise desktop and laptop computer methods); Server (each a Net server and an workplace server); Superior Server (for line-of-business purposes); and Datacenter Server (for high-traffic pc networks).

Windows operating system, a screenshot of Windows 2000.

Home windows XP (October 2001)

Home windows XP was launched in 2001. Together with a redesigned feel and look to the person interface, the brand new working system was constructed on the Home windows 2000 kernel, giving the person a extra steady and dependable setting than earlier variations of Home windows. Home windows XP got here in two variations, House and Skilled. Microsoft centered on mobility for each editions and together with plug-and-play options for connecting to wi-fi networks. The working system additionally utilized the 802.11x wi-fi safety customary. Home windows XP went on to turn out to be considered one of Microsoft’s best-selling merchandise.

Home windows Vista (November 2006)

Home windows Vista supplied an development in reliability, safety, ease of deployment, efficiency and manageability over Home windows XP. New on this model have been capabilities to detect {hardware} issues earlier than they occurred, safety features to guard towards the newest technology of threats, a quicker start-up time, and low energy consumption when positioned within the new sleep state. In lots of circumstances, Home windows Vista was noticeably extra responsive than Home windows XP on equivalent {hardware}. Home windows Vista simplified and centralized desktop configuration administration, which decreased the price of maintaining methods up to date.

Home windows 7 (October, 2009)

Home windows 7 was launched by Microsoft on October 22, 2009 as the newest within the 25-year-old line of Home windows working methods and because the successor to Home windows Vista. Home windows 7 was launched at the side of Home windows Server 2008 R2, Home windows 7’s server counterpart. Enhancements and new options in Home windows 7 included multi-touch help, Web Explorer 8, improved efficiency, quicker start-up time, Aero Snap, Aero Shake, help for digital laborious disks, a brand new and improved Home windows Media Middle, and improved safety.

Home windows 8

Home windows 8 was launched on August 1, 2012. It was a very redesigned working system that’s been developed from the bottom up with touchscreen use in thoughts in addition to near-instant-on capabilities that allow a Home windows 8 PC to load and begin up in a matter of seconds moderately than in minutes.

Windows operating system - screenshot of Windows 8.

Home windows 8 changed the extra conventional Microsoft Home windows OS feel and look with a brand new “Metro” design system interface that first debuted within the Home windows Telephone 7 cellular working system. The Metro person interface primarily consistsed of a “Begin display screen” made up of “Dwell Tiles,” which linked to purposes and options that have been dynamic and up to date in actual time. Home windows 8 supported each x86 PCs and ARM processors.

Home windows 10

Read more: what is the difference between a savings account and a certificate of

Home windows 10 was the successor to Home windows 8. Home windows 10 debuted on July 29, 2015, following a “technical preview” beta launch of the brand new working system (Fall 2014) and a “shopper preview” beta (Early 2015). Home windows 10 featured quick start-up and resume, built-in safety, and the return of the Begin Menu in an expanded kind. This model of Home windows additionally featured Microsoft Edge, Microsoft’s new browser. Any certified system (reminiscent of tablets, PCs, smartphones and Xbox consoles) was capable of improve to Home windows 10, together with these with pirated copies of Home windows.

Home windows 11

As of Sept. 2020, Microsoft had no plans for Home windows 11 and deliberate to proceed to replace and help Home windows 10 (see Microsoft’s Home windows lifecycle reality sheet).

Microsoft Working Methods for Servers and Cell Units

Other than working methods designed to be used on private computer systems (PCs) and laptops, Microsoft has additionally developed working methods for servers, handheld gadgets, and cellphones.

Home windows Server (March 2003)

Home windows Server is a sequence of Microsoft server working methods. Home windows servers are extra highly effective variations of their desktop working system counterparts and are designed to extra effectively deal with company networking, web/intranet internet hosting, databases, enterprise-scale messaging and comparable features. The Home windows Server identify made its debut with the discharge of Home windows Server 2003 and continues with the present launch, Home windows Server 2019.

Home windows House Server (January 2007)

Introduced in January 2007, Home windows House Server (WHS) was a “shopper server” designed to make use of with a number of computer systems related within the residence. House Server allowed customers to share information reminiscent of digital photographs and media information, and in addition mechanically backed up residence networked computer systems. By Home windows Media Join, Home windows House Server shared any media positioned in your WHS with appropriate gadgets.

Windows operating system - screen shot of Windows Home Server.

Home windows CE (November 2006)

A model of the Home windows working system was designed for small gadgets reminiscent of private digital assistants (PDAs) or Handheld PCs within the Microsoft vernacular). The Home windows CE graphical person interface (GUI) was similar to Home windows 95 so gadgets operating Home windows CE have been meant to be acquainted to Home windows 95 customers.

Home windows Cell (April 2000)

The cellular working system for smartphones and cellular gadgets from Microsoft was primarily based on the Home windows CE kernel and designed to look and function just like desktop variations of Microsoft Home windows. Home windows Cell was largely been supplanted by Home windows Telephone 7, though Microsoft did launch, in 2011, Home windows Embedded Handheld 6.5, a cellular OS appropriate with Home windows Cell 6.5 that was designed for enterprise cellular and handheld computing gadgets.

Home windows Telephone (November 2010)

Windows operation system - screenshot of Windows Phone.

Home windows’ cellular working system for smartphones and cellular gadgets served because the successor to Microsoft’s preliminary cellular OS platform system, Home windows Cell. In contrast to Home windows Cell, Home windows Telephone 7 was focused extra to the buyer market than the enterprise market. “WinPhone7” changed the extra conventional Microsoft Home windows OS feel and look with new “Metro” design system launched in Home windows 8.

Home windows Telephone 7 featured a multi-tab Web Explorer Cell Net browser that used a rendering engine primarily based on Web Explorer 9. It additionally included Microsoft Workplace Cell, a model of Microsoft Workplace tailor-made for cellular gadgets. Its successors included Home windows Telephone 8 and Home windows 10 Cell.

Webopedia’s Prime 5 Examine Guides

  • Pc Structure – A Examine Information
  • What Are Community Topologies?
  • The 7 Layers of the OSI Mannequin
  • The 5 Generations of Computer systems
  • Community Fundamentals Examine Information

This text was final up to date February 22, 2021.

Find out: what is silver used for in destiny