what is a 6011 welding rod used for

what is a 6011 welding rod used for

Numerous parameters need to be thought-about throughout welding rod choice; the welding rod has to match the mechanical properties and chemical composition of the bottom steel, joint geometry, welding place, value, and operational situation are additionally considered through the choice course of. Though 1000’s of shielded steel arc welding (SMAW) electrodes exist, E6010, E6011, E6012, E6013, E7018, and E7024 are the most typical electrodes in use.

Stick Welding Rod Classifications Defined

AWS Requirements classify carbon metal electrodes and low-alloy metal electrodes for shielded steel arc welding as comply with:

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AWS Electrode Classification

The classification relies on an “E” prefix and 4 or 5 digits; every digit of the electrode designation is used to designate a selected property of the electrode. The next is the breakdown clarification of the digits and what every digit signifies for our widespread electrodes (E6010, E6011, E6012, E6013, E7018, and E7024):

E – Electrode

The First Two or Three Digits Point out Tensile Power X 1000 Psi

  • E60xx – Tensile Power of 60,000 psi
  • E70xx – Tensile Power of 70,000 psi

The Subsequent Digit Refers To Welding Positions

  • Exx1x Flat, Horizontal, Vertical (up), Overhead.
  • Exx2x Flat, Horizontal.
  • Exx3x Flat.
  • Exx4x Flat, Horizontal, Overhead, Vertical (down).

The Final Digit Refers To the Usability of the Electrode (Electrode Coating, Present and Penetration)

  • Exxx0 – Cellulose, Sodium DC+ (Deep Penetration)
  • Exxx1 – Cellulose, Potassium AC/DC+ (Deep Penetration)
  • Exxx2 – Rutile, Sodium AC/DC- (Medium Penetration)
  • Exxx3 – Rutile, Potassium AC/DC+/DC- (Gentle Penetration)
  • Exxx4 – Rutile, Iron Powder AC/DC+/DC- (Medium Penetration)
  • Exxx5 – Low Hydrogen, Sodium DC+ (Medium Penetration)
  • Exxx6 – Low Hydrogen, Potassium AC/DC+ (Medium Penetration)
  • Exxx7 – Iron Powder, Iron Oxide AC/DC- (Medium Penetration)
  • Exxx8 – Low Hydrogen, Iron Powder AC/DC+ (Medium Penetration)
  • Exxx9 – Iron Oxide, Rutile, Potassium AC/DC+/DC- (Medium Penetration)

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Greatest Stick Welding Rods In 2021 – Evaluations And Shopping for Information

E 6010 Welding Electrode

E 6010 welding rod deposits molten steel which solidifies quickly; subsequently, the electrode is categorized as a quick freezing electrode. Because the welds made are likely to solidify quick, the electrode requires a talented welder to supply a sound weld.

E 6010 electrode is a general-purpose electrode performs welding in all positions and effectively in vertical-up and over-head positions; nevertheless, the electrode deposition charge will not be excessive. The electrode arc is straightforward to manage and produce flat weld bead with mild slag formation.

E 6010 is used with DC present, the benefits of the E 6010 electrode that it produces deep penetration welding and can be utilized on painted, galvanized, and unclean surfaces.

E 6011 Welding Electrode

E 6011 electrode can be categorized as a quick freezing electrode. E 6011 electrode is a general-purpose electrode performs welding in all positions and effectively in vertical-up and over-head positions; it’s used primarily for sheet steel welding and low silicon deposit utility. The electrode arc is straightforward to manage and produces a flat weld bead with mild slag formation.

E 6011 can be utilized with both AC or DC present. The electrode produces deep penetration welding and can be utilized on painted, galvanized, and unclean surfaces.

E 6012 Welding Electrode

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E 6012 welding rod gives a quick freeze and quick fill attribute; subsequently, the electrode is categorized as a fill-freezing electrode.

E 6012 electrode is a general-purpose electrode that performs welding in all positions with medium deposition charge and medium penetration. The electrode gives a extra forceful arc than E 6013 electrode.

E6012 electrode is used for sheet steel welding and different low present purposes.

E 6013 Welding Electrode

E 6013 electrode is as E 6012 categorized as a fill-freezing electrode. The electrode is precisely like E 6012; nevertheless, it’s simpler to make use of and produce higher look welds with minimal spatter.

E 7018 Welding Electrode

E 7018 is a low hydrogen electrode; the electrode is used with steel that tends to crack and thick sections. The electrode produces weld with wonderful toughness and excessive ductility and reduces the danger of hydrogen embrittlement cracking when welding thick sections.

E 7018 produces wonderful high quality welds with metal requiring power of 70,000 PSI and above; the electrode can be utilized with medium carbon, excessive carbon, and low-alloy metal.

One of many necessary factors to contemplate for E 7018 is the storage and drying process; the electrode should stay in a low humidity setting to reduce the moisture within the electrode coating to scale back hydrogen degree and keep away from hydrogen cracking.

E 7024 Welding Electrode

E 7024 welding rod deposits steel quickly; subsequently, the electrode is categorized as a fast-fill electrode. The electrode is used for high-speed welding on a flat or horizontal floor. E 7024 electrode arc penetration is shallow; the weld bead is barely convex and clean with heavy slag formation. The electrode comprises an iron powder, which will increase the welding deposition charge.

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E 6010 vs. 6011 Electrodes

Each E 6010 and E 6011 electrodes are general-purpose electrodes used on vertical-up and over-head welding; each electrodes produce deep penetration welding and can be utilized on painted, galvanized, and unclean surfaces.

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The one distinction that E 6010 rod is used with DC present, whereas E 6011 rod can be utilized with both AC or DC present.

E 6011 vs. 6013 Electrodes

E 6010 electrode can be utilized on painted, galvanized, and unclean surfaces, whereas E 6013 is used on clear or new sheet steel. Due to this fact, E 6010 is generally present in upkeep and restore works, whereas E 6013 in new building and fabrication.

E 6013 is the widespread electrode used for sheet steel welding; E 6010 and E 6011 change E 6013 every time the electrode will not be out there or every time the welder prefers sooner solidification.

E 6010 vs. 7018 Electrodes

Each electrodes have totally different tensile power; E 6010 has a tensile power worth of 60,000 PSI, whereas E 7018 of 70,000 PSI.

E 6010 electrode can be utilized on painted, galvanized, and unclean surfaces, whereas E 7018 is used on clear or new sheet steel.

E6010 is used for deep penetration welding, whereas E 7018 is used for welding steel that tends to crack, producing high quality welds with wonderful toughness and excessive ductility.

Often, each electrodes are used collectively in varied industrial purposes (pipelines welding, storage tanks, and many others.). E 6010 is used for welding the joint root-pass for correct penetration, and E 7018 is used for the hot-pass, fill-up, and cap beads.

The best way to Select a Welding Electrode?

Power comes first; whereas choosing the proper electrode, the electrode’s mechanical properties and chemical composition need to match the bottom steel.

Be part of design and joint place is crucial within the choice of the electrode. Energy supply availability is one other issue to contemplate; some electrodes can be utilized with AC or DC present, whereas others can be utilized with both AC or DC.

When deep penetration is required for the foundation cross, E 6010 or E 6011 would be the choice for offering welding with adequate penetration. Nevertheless, when the joint is large root openings or skinny materials, the choice might be E 6013.

For welding thick sections, or for utility the place toughness and excessive ductility joint is demanded or the place the event of embrittlement cracking is a matter, E 7018 is normally the right choice.

When contemplating productiveness for flat or horizontal joints, E7024 is the choice that gives larger deposition charges.

Associated article: Insider’s Information To Shielded Metallic Arc Welding (SMAW/MMA).

References:

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  • AWS Classifications Defined – Article.