what is a bread knife used for

what is a bread knife used for

Making ready meals is simpler, sooner, and safer when you’ve gotten the appropriate instruments, however with so many several types of knives in the marketplace, discovering the one which fits your wants will be difficult. With out the appropriate data, it’s all too straightforward to purchase a collection of specialist knives you hardly use — that means you find yourself with a collection of unused knives languishing in the back of your utensil drawer.

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To complicate issues even additional, naming conventions for knives will be significantly complicated, with many reducing instruments having a number of names for a similar fashion. That can assist you make sense of all of it, we’ve compiled a information to each kind of knife and their makes use of, together with recommendation on which one is finest for various kitchen duties. So, whether or not you’re beginning in catering and need to know which knives to spend money on, or just need to equipment out your kitchen at residence, this information will let you know every thing you must know. We’ll talk about:

  • Elements of a kitchen knife
  • Cast vs stamped knives
  • Important kitchen knives, together with paring, bread and cook dinner’s knives
  • Meat knives, together with butcher, boning and carving knives
  • Fish knives, together with salmon, fillet and santoku knives
  • Vegetable knives, together with tomato, peeling and nakiri knives
  • Cutlery knives
  • Knife edges, together with serrated, straight, hole floor and scalloped
  • Knife blade supplies: chrome steel vs titanium vs ceramic vs Damascus metal

All through, we’ll additionally discuss which qualities to search for in kitchen knife, together with which of our professional-quality chef’s knives is finest for a selected job. So, whether or not you’re a kitchen novice or a seasoned cook dinner trying to brush up your data, simply learn on to search out out every thing you must know concerning the many several types of knives.

The totally different elements of a knife: Anatomy of a kitchen knife

If you wish to discover the best-quality knife for a specific job, it’ll assist to have a fundamental working data of the totally different elements of a knife. Right here, we’ll clarify what every a part of a knife is named, and what perform it serves. It’s best to notice that that is simply an summary of the totally different options you will notice on most simple knives: many specialist knives could also be constructed barely otherwise.

Level: The very finish of the blade. That is often sharpened to a high quality level, and can be utilized to pierce or rating the floor of meals.

Blade: The blade is the title given to the a part of the knife which is used for reducing. It’s often crafted from metal, though it might even be ceramic, titanium and even plastic.

Edge: This refers back to the sharpened a part of the blade, which is used for almost all of reducing work. The sharpness of the knife is dictated by how finely the sting is floor, and this can rely upon each the standard of the knife and the way usually you sharpen it. It could be serrated (as with bread knives) or it might be straight.

Tip: The entrance a part of the knife’s edge, simply beneath the purpose, is named the tip. It’s the a part of the blade which is generally used for delicate chopping and reducing work.

Backbone: The backbone is the blunt higher facet of the blade, reverse to the innovative. The thickness of the backbone offers energy to blade: as a rule, the thicker the backbone, the stronger the blade. It’s additionally vital for offering stability to the general knife.

Heel: The heel is the decrease fringe of the blade, furthest from the tip, subsequent to the bolster. It’s usually the widest a part of the blade. This a part of the sting is mostly used when the chef wants extra energy or stress to chop by means of thicker or more durable meals.

Tang: The tang is the unsharpened a part of the blade which connects the blade edge to the deal with. The tang is important to the general stability, weight, stability, and energy of the knife. The very best knives are sometimes thought of to be these with a ‘full-tang’: one which runs from the top of the blade all the best way to the butt. In some designs, the tang additionally features as a deal with.

Deal with or scales: Typically known as ‘scales’, the deal with is the a part of the knife grasped by the chef throughout use. It may be produced from a variety of supplies, and could also be straight or designed with finger grooves and different ergonomic options that make it simpler to carry. Some knife producers will dispense of the deal with altogether, as an alternative making a knife utilizing a single piece of metal, in order that the tang additionally features as a deal with.

Bolster: The bolster is the raised space between the blade and the deal with. It places a small area between the chef’s hand and the blade, to cease the fingers from slipping down onto the blade throughout reducing work. It additionally supplies further weight to assist stability the knife.

Deal with fasteners, or rivets: These are the rivets or screws which repair the deal with elements to the tang. Inexpensive designs could forego the rivets and fasten the deal with to the tang utilizing resin or epoxy as an alternative.

Butt: The title given to the top of the deal with, on the very backside of the knife.

Cast vs. stamped knives

Earlier than we speak concerning the several types of knives in additional depth, it’ll assist to stipulate the variations between solid and stamped knives. These phrases check with the best way the knife is made, and there are advantages and downsides to every methodology.

Cast knives

A solid knife is any sort of knife which has been solid from a single piece of steel. To assemble a solid knife, a block of metal is hammered into form utilizing a strong press, earlier than being honed and sharpened. The deal with is then added, earlier than the blade undergoes a ultimate shine and polish.

When metal is solid, the form is altered proper all the way down to a molecular stage, that means the blade is exceptionally robust. In a solid knife, each the blade and the tang are produced from one steady piece of metal, making them robust, sturdy and well-balanced. Our Tramontina, Wusthof Trident and Sabatier knives are utilized by skilled cooks and cooks around the globe for precisely this motive. Nevertheless, they’re usually costlier than stamped designs, owing to the expensive time- and labour-intensive crafting course of. However, the upside of that is that you simply received’t want to purchase new knives for a few years, as they’re very long-lasting.

You may inform if a knife is solid by on the lookout for a metal bolster between the blade and the deal with: that is often a powerful indication {that a} knife has been solid slightly than stamped.

Stamped knives

Stamped knives are made utilizing a single sheet of metal, which is then lower out into the form of a blade utilizing a strong stamping machine — a bit like a cookie cutter. The deal with is then added, and the knife undergoes hardening, sharpening and sprucing to create a eager edge and a clean end.

As a result of they’re constructed from a thinner piece of metal, this sort of knife tends to be a lot lighter than solid knives. The manufacturing course of can be less expensive and faster, that means that stamped knives are usually far more inexpensive than solid ones. Nevertheless, on account of this, they’re usually not nearly as good at retaining an edge as solid kinds, that means they may often want sharpening extra usually. There’s additionally a higher threat of the deal with breaking.

Stamped knives used to have one thing of a poor popularity, however these days the manufacturing course of has been refined and improved, that means that there at the moment are many manufacturers producing stamped knives of a comparable high quality to solid kinds. In reality, some cooks even desire them for his or her lighter weight and comfy hand-feel. Producers akin to Victorinox and Geisser are famend for crafting progressive stamped knives of a particularly top quality, so you may get a light-weight stamped knife with an identical sharpness and lifespan to a solid one.

It’s usually attainable to inform if a knife has been stamped by on the lookout for a bolster. Stamped knives is not going to often have a metal bolster: as an alternative, the heel of the knife runs straight into the deal with.

What are the several types of knives?

There are virtually numerous forms of knives with an enormous variety of totally different purposes, and what could also be an efficient knife for one type kind of meals could not work so effectively on others. That’s why it’s vital to search out the appropriate kind of knife for the job. Right here, we’ll talk about every sort of knife, together with recommendation on which kinds of foodstuff and duties every one is finest suited to.

Kitchen necessities: Primary forms of kitchen knives

This part introduces probably the most important and incessantly used forms of kitchen knives — those that no cook dinner, whether or not newbie or skilled, ought to ever be with out. They may see you thru an enormous vary of various duties, so learn on to be taught the fundamental reducing necessities that must be in each kitchen.

Chef knife

A chef knife — typically known as a chef’s or cook dinner’s knife — has an extended, broad blade with a straight edge. It’s widest throughout the heel, tapering as much as a finely pointed tip.

What’s a chef knife used for?

The curved blade of a chef knife permits it rock again and forwards on a chopping board, which makes it the proper software for chopping and dicing a lot of greens directly. The broad heel space means it could possibly stand as much as extra stress throughout heavy-duty chopping work, which is helpful for reducing thicker or more durable meals, like potatoes, onions, or parsnips.

An amazing all-rounder, a chef knife is likely one of the most versatile knives within the kitchen, good for on a regular basis dicing and mincing duties.

Utility knife

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A utility knife is an identical form to a chef knife, however smaller and slimmer. Some utility knives even have a pointy tip which tapers up in the direction of the backbone, to permit for extra intricate work.

What’s a utility knife used for?

A utility knife is nice for chopping smaller meals and greens, like shallots. It shares lots of the qualities of a chef knife, however it may be a great tool when working with smaller meals gadgets, because the utility knife permits for extra exact reducing work. So, when your cook dinner’s knife is a bit of too large for the job, you’ll need to attain for a utility knife as an alternative.

Paring knife

A paring knife has a brief, slim, evenly sized blade with a pointed tip. It tends to be mild, to permit for straightforward dealing with throughout delicate work.

What’s a paring knife used for?

The small however mighty paring knife is used to chop, chop and slice fruit and veggies, however they may also be used for a large number of different kitchen duties. Regardless of their small measurement, paring knives will make mild work of more durable meals, like potatoes, whereas nonetheless being manoeuvrable sufficient to hold out delicate duties like peeling, trimming, and eradicating seeds from fruit and veg.

Bread knife

A bread knife has an extended, evenly sized blade, with a pointy serrated edge — like a noticed. This type of knife is designed to be used on softer gadgets.

What’s a bread knife used for?

The lengthy blade and sharp serrated fringe of a bread knife makes it the proper software for sawing by means of all kinds of various breads, together with crusty bread, baguettes, bagels and bread rolls. It’s because the grooved edge permits the chef to chop by means of softer textures with out crushing them out of form.

Bread knives may also be used to slice desserts with mushy, fluffy textures, as they’ll lower by means of them with out knocking the air out of the sponge or damaging the general form. If you happen to don’t have a cake leveller in your kitchen, a bread knife may also be used to even out your sponge desserts after baking.

The very best knives for making ready meat

From large cuts of beef to delicate lamb joints and poultry, meat usually requires cautious preparation utilizing specialist instruments. So, each meat-lover ought to know their boning knife from their cleaver. Right here, we’ll talk about the several types of meat knives, together with which forms of knives are finest for various dishes.

Carving knife

A carving knife is an extended, slim knife, tapering to a pointy level. Typically known as a slicing knife, a carving knife is likely one of the longest kitchen knives within the kitchen. Its slim width signifies that it produces much less drag because it cuts by means of meals, permitting it to create cleaner, extra uniform slices.

Makes use of of a carving knife

In terms of serving meats like poultry, pork, lamb or beef, a carving knife is one of the best software for the job, as it’ll produce skinny, neat, evenly sized slices. It may also be used to deal with bigger fruit and veggies, akin to melons or courgettes, which will be powerful to slice by means of utilizing smaller or broader knives.

The lengthy, skinny blades are additionally preferrred for reducing desserts, as they’re lengthy sufficient to chop good slices in a single clean reducing movement.

Cleaver or butcher knife

Cleavers — additionally known as butcher knives — have a flat, rectangular-shaped blade. They arrive in a wide range of sizes, relying on their meant use. They’re one of many broadest, heaviest knives, and typically characteristic a gap close to the backbone of the blade to allow them to be hung up when not in use.

What’s a cleaver used for?

A cleaver is used to cut up uncooked meat, both as a part of the butchery course of or to divide it into smaller parts earlier than cooking. The big, heavy design signifies that it could possibly even lower by means of bone, making it the most effective knives for uncooked meat prep.

Given its cumbersome measurement, this type of knife is mostly solely used on uncooked meat, slightly than cooked meals. The broad, flat, heavy floor of cleavers also can turn out to be useful for crushing garlic cloves or ginger in opposition to a chopping board.

Boning knife

A boning knife is a slim blade with a really sharp edge, often tapering upwards to a high quality pointed tip. It’s pretty brief (often solely round six inches) and is often rigidly constructed, though extra versatile blades can be found for delicate meat.

What’s a boning knife used for?

A boning knife is one of the best knife for reducing meat bones and trimming cartilage to create the proper joint or lower earlier than cooking. The pointed tip and slim blade make it an awesome alternative for reducing across the bone with out ruining the encircling flesh.

The robust, inflexible blade may also be used to chop by means of cartilage. When de-boning pork or beef, a barely more durable knife is finest, whereas a extra versatile blade will swimsuit poultry. Boning knives are designed to be mild and manoeuvrable, so you’ll be able to depend on them to be snug and simple to make use of.

The very best knives for fish

A fish knife is any kind of knife which is used to organize seafood, and could also be used for filleting, descaling and eradicating bones from fish. Whether or not you wish to slice and cube your personal sushi and sashimi or roast fish entire on the bone, there are a number of several types of fish knife that can make the method less complicated. The instruments on this part are all designed to make making ready and serving the catch of the day straightforward, quick and secure. If you happen to’re on the lookout for info on dinner desk fish knives, then see our part on the several types of cutlery knives.

Filleting knife

A filleting knife is an extended, slim knife with a versatile blade. It has a really sharp edge and a finely pointed tip for piercing by means of pores and skin, and to permit for intricate bone-removal work. It has an identical look to a boning knife, however the blade is thinner and extra versatile.

What are filleting knives used for?

The slim, versatile blade is ideal for eradicating bones with out damaging the fragile flesh of the fish. They differ from different knives in that they’re usually used to chop by means of meals horizontally, slightly than vertically — this enables cooks to chop across the spine of entire fish to create good fillets. Filleting knives are nice for all types of labor involving fish, in order that they’re good should you wish to check out a lot of new recipes.

Salmon knife

Salmon knives have a really lengthy, versatile blade with a double edge, and are designed to fillet bigger fish. Salmon knives are slim and sharp to permit for exact filleting and pores and skin elimination, and plenty of designs even have indentations alongside the facet of the blade.

What’s a salmon knife used for?

A salmon knife is used to slice, fillet and take away the pores and skin from bigger fish, like salmon. They’re slender sufficient to suit between the pores and skin and flesh with out damaging the fragile fish, permitting the chef to create clear, tidy fillets. As a result of they can be utilized to create exact fillets, they’re very efficient at minimising waste. Many salmon knives even have dimpling or indentations alongside the floor of the blade, which reduces drag throughout reducing and helps to cease the uncooked fish from sticking to the steel.

Santoku knives

Santoku knives — initially known as santoku bocho knives, that means ‘three makes use of’ —are nice for exact reducing, dicing and mincing. One of the crucial standard forms of kitchen knives of their native Japan, santoku knives have lengthy, barely tapered blades with a drop level to permit for extra exact, intricate reducing work. They often have dimpling alongside the blade to stop meals from sticking to the steel.

What’s a santoku knife used for?

The sharp, straight edges and drop-point suggestions of santoku knives make them an efficient software for reducing fish. They’re significantly helpful when making ready sushi or different uncooked fish, because the dimpling on the flat facet of the blade helps to cease delicate gadgets from sticking to the steel. The big, broad blade may also be used to scoop up and transport chopped meals after reducing.

Their usefulness isn’t simply restricted to fish, although: santoku knives additionally make mild work of greens. One other nice all-rounder, they make an efficient different to chef or utility knives.

Vegetable knives

Whereas many cooks are glad to organize veggies utilizing a chef knife or paring knife, those that are severe about their cooking could need to spend money on specifically designed vegetable knives. These have been rigorously crafted that will help you to cut a lot of veg rapidly, simply and safely. They will additionally allow you to to mince and cube your favorite veggies extra finely, or create ribbons or different garnishes.

Nakiri knives

Typically known as Japanese vegetable knives, nakiri knives appear like smaller, slimmer variations of a meat cleaver. They’ve a broad, rectangular form, and so they virtually all the time have a hole floor edge, which may be very sharp.

What’s a nakiri knife used for?

Nakiri knives are a wonderful software for chopping greens. Due to their squared form and straight edge, you should use them to cut proper by means of to the chopping board without having to rock the blade backwards and forwards: as an alternative, you simply carry the blade down in a single chopping movement. This makes nakiri knives the most effective instruments for bigger veg which are sometimes troublesome to chop, like candy potatoes or butternut squash.

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The deep, flat blade makes them an awesome alternative for shredding bigger veggies like cabbages or lettuce, too. The keenly sharp edge may also be used to create very skinny, even slices, so it’s good should you like so as to add ribbons of greens to dishes as a garnish.

Tomato knives

The blade is often about 6-7 inches in size, and so they’re designed to be light-weight and simple to deal with. Tomato knives have a rounded blade with a pointy, serrated edge.

What are tomato knives used for?

Tomato knives are designed for reducing and slicing tomatoes, which require a specialised reducing software owing to their delicate pores and skin and mushy, fleshy centres. The serrated fringe of the knife cuts cleanly by means of the pores and skin with out crushing the mushy inside, permitting the chef to create neat, even slices or segments. As tomatoes reducing, many tomato knives are specifically designed with textured plastic or rubber handles to assist present higher grip throughout reducing work.

Peeling knife

A peeling knife has a brief, inflexible, and barely curved blade. It would often have a straight, extraordinarily sharp edge.

What’s a peeling knife used for?

A peeling knife is primarily used to peel greens, potatoes and fruit, and it’s additionally sharp sufficient to simply slice by means of powerful skins. They’ve a inflexible blade and durable, ergonomic handles, each of which assist stop the knife from slipping throughout peeling work, making the method a lot safer.

A information to several types of cutlery knives

The instruments on this part are all designed to make it simpler to chop your meals when eating, so whether or not you’re a steak aficionado or need to take advantage of a fish dish, these knives are those you’ll need to have in your cutlery drawer.

Dinner knife

Probably the most fundamental sort of desk knife, a dinner knife is the type of customary knife you’ll use for breakfast, lunch and dinner every single day. They’re often constructed from steel or chrome steel, and can usually characteristic a really barely serrated edge to assist with more durable meals.

Steak knife A steak knife is a desk knife which has a serrated edge and sharply pointed tip. This permits the diner to simply lower by means of powerful cooked meat on the dinner desk, akin to steak. These days, they’re additionally usually served with burgers and different massive meaty meals. Sharp, light-weight and versatile, steak knives are essential for any institution which serves plenty of meat dishes.

Fish knife A fish knife has a large, flat blade with a pointy, curved edge. This form makes it simpler to take away the pores and skin from cooked fillets, whereas a pointed tip is commonly included to help the elimination of small bones.

Butter knife A butter knife has a mushy, blunted edge and a broad paddle-like form, which permits the diner to unfold butter with out scraping up crumbs or unintentionally slicing the bread. Butter knives are good for buttering scones, English muffins or bread for sandwiches, in order that they’re essential for any followers of afternoon tea.

A information to totally different knife edge varieties

Undoubtedly an important a part of any knife, the sting is what makes a blade sharp. Several types of edges are wanted to chop by means of totally different meals, so we’re going to run by means of the differing types and clarify which job is finest suited to every.

Straight edge

The most typical kind of edge, a straight edge can be typically known as a flat floor edge. It’s often discovered on chef’s knives, paring knives, and utility knives.

Serrated edge

A serrated edge is one which has sharpened grooves and ridges all the best way alongside the blade, which helps to chop more durable meals. They’re additionally useful for slicing softer meals with out crushing them out of form. Bread knives, tomato knives and steak knives will often have serrated edges.

Scalloped edge

A scalloped edge has hole dimples alongside the facet of the blade, which assist to cease meals from sticking to the floor of the knife. They’re additionally typically known as a Granton edge knife, after the primary producer to patent the design. They’re significantly helpful when reducing moist or sticky gadgets, like uncooked fish or greens. Japanese santoku blades and salmon knives will usually have this type of blade.

Hole floor edge

Generally seen on Japanese knives, a hole floor edge is one which tapers down from the center of the blade to create a really high quality, sharp edge. This makes them extraordinarily sharp, but in addition extra weak to put on and breakage, and so they may have sharpening extra incessantly. Nakiri knives will virtually all the time have a hole floor edge.

What’s one of the best knife blade materials? Chrome steel vs titanium vs ceramic vs Damascus metal

The fabric that your kitchen knives are crafted from can have a huge impact on their energy, sturdiness and sharpness, so it could possibly assist to know extra about one of the best knife blade supplies before you purchase.

Every kind has its advantages and disadvantages, and a few supplies are higher suited to sure duties than others. Learn on to be taught every thing you must learn about knife supplies earlier than you spend money on a brand new set of knives.

Chrome steel blades

Chrome steel is arguably the preferred materials for knives, because it affords nice sturdiness and resistance to rust and corrosion. The alloy is made utilizing carbon and iron as a base, and chromium is added to repel stains and provides the blade a long-lasting shiny end. This makes the blades robust, sturdy, and superb at resisting staining.

The draw back of chrome steel is that there are at present all kinds of alloys commercially accessible, so the standard of the metal can differ drastically relying on the provider. We solely inventory kitchen knives from skilled high quality producers, akin to Tramontina and Scandi, so you’ll be able to make sure that any chrome steel knives you purchase with us are made utilizing premium alloys.

Carbon metal blades

Carbon metal is a kind of metal alloy produced from carbon and iron, with out the chromium that’s added to stainless alloys to assist them repel stains. Metal with a excessive carbon depend is commonly used to forge knives that require distinctive energy and rigidity, and it could possibly additionally retain a particularly sharp edge when correctly cared for. This makes carbon metal an awesome alternative for peeling knives or cleavers.

Nevertheless, as a result of they don’t have the chromium that’s added to chrome steel alloys, carbon metal blades are susceptible to staining and discolouration, significantly once they come into contact with acidic meals. So, should you’re after a lastingly shiny assortment of knives which you could placed on show, it is probably not the selection for you. However, if all that issues to you is the sharpness and sturdiness of the sting, you’ll battle discover to a sharper knife than one with a carbon metal blade.

Ceramic blades

A ceramic blade is one that’s crafted utilizing hardened zirconium dioxide. They’re non-metallic and non-magnetic, and typically coated in different supplies for additional sturdiness. They’re very light-weight, which many cooks desire, and so they’re additionally considered extra hygienic than steel kinds. One other bonus of ceramic is that the blades will be printed with trendy patterns, colors or detailing, like our Zenith ceramic knives, which makes all of them the extra spectacular to have on show.

The largest draw back of ceramic knives is their fragility: they’re extra susceptible to breaking or cracking if dropped evaluate to different forms of knives, in order that they must be dealt with with care. Additionally they want sharpening with specialist instruments, as common whetstones will injury the blades. However, with the correct consideration, they need to be an efficient reducing software for years to come back.

Damascus metal blades

Damascus metal is made utilizing two or extra totally different alloys, hammered collectively to forge a powerful metal with an intricate, wavy sample. Initially invented in medieval Damascus, this sort of metal has an extended and storied historical past, and has been used to create knives, swords and different weapons for a whole bunch of years. This type of steel is extraordinarily robust, sturdy and sharp, however these days it’s largely valued for its stunning look.

Fashionable designs will be costly owing to the meticulous crafting course of, however Damascus metal knives final for years and can retain their sharp reducing edges for a very long time. As such, they make glorious knives for severe cooks, or just gadgets of magnificence for collectors.

Titanium blades

One of many hardest supplies on the planet, titanium is non-magnetic and extremely immune to rust, which makes it a wonderful possibility for pocket blades and diving knives. However, it tends to be much less sharp and never nearly as good at holding an edge, so it’s much less efficient as a kitchen knife than metal or ceramic varieties. Nonetheless, many collectors will nonetheless prize finely made titanium knives for his or her trendy darkish gray colouring.

Preserving your knives sharp

A eager knife is way safer and simpler than a blunted one so, when you’ve discovered your good reducing instruments, you’ll must sharpen them repeatedly to maintain them working as effectively as attainable. Our collection of whetstones, steels and knife sharpeners has all of the instruments you’ll must preserve your blades in high situation, which can delay the lifespan of your knives and make reducing work safer and simpler.

The way in which you retailer your knives can have an effect on their sharpness and lifespan, too. Simply throwing them in a cluttered utensil drawer can depart them weak to rust, put on and injury, and it’s a lot simpler to unintentionally lower your self. So, it’s prudent to retailer them utilizing a metal knife block or magnetic rack — check out our assortment of knife blocks, racks and wallets to search out kinds to swimsuit each kitchen.

A set {of professional} chef’s knives will assist to make sure that meals preparation in your restaurant kitchen is secure, environment friendly and simple, and it’ll even enhance the standard of your dishes. Now that you simply’re in control on the several types of knives and their makes use of, you’ll be able to store for a brand new assortment with confidence. And, keep in mind to take a look at our restaurant data hub to find a wealth of suggestions and methods for skilled caterers, together with recommendation on opening a restaurant, hiring workers, getting your alcohol licence, cleansing your industrial kitchen, and far more!

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