what is a grinding wheel used for

what is a grinding wheel used for

What’s a grinding wheel? Grinding wheels comprise abrasive grains and layers of fiberglass bonded right into a wheel form by one other substance. The abrasive grains act as grinding instruments, eradicating materials from a workpiece to form and refine it. Grinding wheels are helpful in lots of grinding and machining operations.

A number of sorts of grinding wheels can be found, so when a facility is selecting a wheel, it is important to think about the specs of contrasting kinds and the way nicely they’ll deal with completely different environments and operational challenges. On this information to grinding wheels, we focus on a number of grinding wheel sorts, in addition to their supplies, design and advantages for particular functions.

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Grinding wheels — together with different extra transportable grinding merchandise like cones and plugs — are available numerous kinds. Choosing the proper kind of wheel for a given utility permits customers to get demanding metallic fabrication jobs achieved rapidly and precisely.

There are three most important sorts of grinding wheels, the place numerous numbers differentiate between wheels with particular properties and makes use of — kind 1 snagging wheels, kind 27 grinding wheels and kind 28 grinding wheels.


A kind 1 snagging wheel has a straight profile and a comparatively small diameter of about 2 to 4 inches. Its dimension makes it ideally suited to be used on high-speed die grinders for grinding off extra metallic. Weiler Abrasives’ kind 1 snagging wheels incorporate aluminum oxide grains for a protracted life grinding and a constant cut-rate.


Sort 27 is by far the commonest abrasive grinding wheel. Sort 27 grinding wheels differ from different wheels in that they’ve a flat profile with a depressed middle. A depressed middle permits for clearance when the operator should work at a constrained angle.

Utilizing a wheel with a depressed middle permits for a spread of grinding angles, sometimes from 0 to 45 levels. Nonetheless, the optimum angles for working with kind 27 grinding wheels vary from 25 to 30 levels. The steeper the grinding angle, the extra aggressive the minimize will probably be.

Working at shallow angles with these wheels requires some consideration of potential ramifications. Grinding at shallow angles can lengthen the wheel’s lifespan, nevertheless it additionally usually compromises the cut-rate. On tougher supplies, shallow grinding angles might also enhance undesirable vibration and chatter.


Sort 28 grinding wheels, often known as saucer wheels, have equally depressed facilities and are optimized for low grinding angles. They differ from kind 27 wheels in that their concave or saucer-shaped design permits for higher entry to the workpiece — particularly in tighter areas, akin to corners, fillets and overhangs — and elevated aggression at smaller working angles. They’ll work at angles between 0 and 30 levels however sometimes work greatest to be used with grinding angles from 0 to fifteen levels.


The supplies in every grinding wheel break down into a number of most important parts — the grains, the bond and the fiberglass that reinforces the wheels to present them energy and stability to be used in demanding functions. The grit of the wheel can also be an important ingredient that helps decide efficiency.


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The abrasive grains present the important performance of a grinding wheel as a result of they take away materials from the workpiece. A number of generally used grinding wheel abrasives are ceramic alumina, zirconia alumina, aluminum oxide, white aluminum oxide, aluminum oxide and silicon carbide. Grains may be blended collectively to attain completely different efficiency traits as nicely.

  • Ceramic alumina: These grains provide the advantage of self-sharpening and micro-fracturing crystals. They’re comparatively cool when in use, they usually present the longest working life below average to excessive stress. They grind at decrease temperatures and generate much less friction — one most important profit of those qualities is that they reduce warmth discoloration on the workpiece. Ceramic alumina is good for hard-to-grind metals akin to armored metal, titanium, exhausting nickel alloys, Inconel®, device metal and stainless-steel.
  • Zirconia alumina: Zirconia alumina grains present a quick minimize and a protracted life on metallic workpieces. They’re self-sharpening and ship fast, constant grinding, particularly on metals like metal and stainless-steel. In addition they maintain up nicely below excessive pressures and excessive temperatures.
  • Zirconia alumina blended with ceramic alumina: In the event you just like the efficiency of a zirconia alumina grinding wheel however are in search of an additional enhance a mix with ceramic alumina will ship quicker slicing with much less effort.
  • White aluminum oxide: White aluminum oxide grinding wheels provide a comparatively quick cut-rate and an in depth lifespan. They are perfect for grinding stainless-steel and harder-grade metal.
  • Aluminum oxide: An aluminum oxide grain is good for metal, iron and different metals. Though it’s exhausting and sturdy and gives a pointy, quick preliminary minimize, the grain dulls over time and lacks the cut-rate and potential longevity of another grains. Aluminum oxide gives distinctive worth and cost-effectiveness whereas nonetheless providing the wonderful high quality and constant efficiency needed in a grinding wheel.
  • Silicon carbide: Silicon carbide is a particularly exhausting grain that could be very sharp and quick slicing however friable, not as powerful as different grains.
  • Silicon carbide/aluminum oxide mix: A wheel constituted of a mix of silicon carbide and aluminum oxide gives ideally suited grinding for aluminum and different gentle alloys. These grains provide prolonged life spans and quick, constant minimize charges on aluminum and different gentle metals.

Grains additionally are available numerous sizes — the scale of a grain refers back to the dimension of the person abrasive particles, just like the grades for sandpaper particles.


The bond is the substance that causes the abrasive grains to stick to the wheel. Bonds can consist of various supplies. Frequent supplies embody shellac, resinoids, rubber and glass or glass-ceramic. At Weiler Abrasives, our transportable grinding wheels comprise resinoid bonds.

The bond on a grinding wheel could also be both exhausting or gentle. A tougher bond extends the wheel’s lifespan, offered the person operates and maintains the wheel accurately. A softer bond, alternatively, permits for smoother grinding and exposes new grains extra rapidly. Selecting the proper bond for a given utility can assist steadiness efficiency and longevity. The kind of metallic may affect the bond that is greatest in your utility.

A grinding wheel’s bond generally accommodates iron, sulfur and chlorine, which might pose challenges in the event that they adhere to the workpiece throughout grinding. Weiler Abrasives affords a number of wheels that reduce these parts. Our Tiger® Ceramic, Aluminum, and INOX wheels are contaminant-free, containing lower than 0.1% chlorine, sulfur and iron. They assist stop corrosion on stainless-steel and aluminum workpieces.

The bond on a grinding wheel helps present a constant minimize price by exposing new grains over time. As older grains develop into worn, the grain particles fracture as they’re designed to — thereby exposing new abrasive surfaces, leaving contemporary abrasive particles uncovered of their locations. Ideally, the composition of the binding is such that below regular working circumstances, put on and tear will take away worn abrasive particles and go away contemporary ones in place, sustaining the wheel’s superior cut-rate and efficiency.

The abrasive particles sure to the wheel even have a attribute often known as grade. Grade refers to hardness, however not the hardness of the particles themselves — it refers as an alternative to the energy of the bond holding the particles to the wheel. A wheel with a stronger bond sometimes has an extended life. A softer bond is designed to interrupt down quicker to take care of a constant minimize price as new sharp grains take the place of worn ones. The letters N, R, S and T specify the hardness of a bond, with the letters that come later within the alphabet referring to tougher bonds. As a common rule, a wheel with a softer bond will carry out higher on a tough metallic, whereas a tough bond will carry out higher on a softer metallic.


The fiberglass construction and design on a grinding wheel gives reinforcement, rigidity and superior grinding means. All Weiler grinding wheels include triple-reinforced fiberglass that provides further help and energy for aggressive inventory elimination. Our Tiger model of efficiency grinding wheels has the outer format of fiberglass reduce to permit for aggressive grinding from the outset with no break-in interval.


The grit of a wheel is important for supplying the proper abrasion. Grit measurements typically vary from coarse to advantageous. On Weiler Abrasives’ grinding wheels, the coarsest grit has a score of about 24 and the best grit — the grit on snagging wheels — has a score of about 36. Choosing the proper grit stage for a selected utility helps guarantee enough grinding energy. A course grit has a greater elimination price, whereas a finer grit requires much less stress throughout utility and permits for a greater ultimate end on the workpiece.


When choosing a grinding wheel, customers ought to contemplate two major elements — diameter and thickness. Each metrics have an effect on the wheel’s usability and efficiency.


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The selection of diameter for a grinding wheel typically relies on the out there device. The first purpose for becoming the grinding wheel diameter to the device is security — the operation of the device ought to by no means exceed the RPM score on the abrasive. Smaller energy instruments are likely to function at greater RPM than bigger energy instruments, and the design of abrasives and brushes allows them to fulfill the identical requirements. Operating a wheel with solely an 8,500 RPM score on a grinder that operates at 13,000 RPM may trigger the abrasive to fail and injure the operator.

Selecting the proper diameter additionally enhances security as a result of it permits for the usage of correct guards. Making an attempt to suit a 6-inch abrasive on a 4.5-inch grinder necessitates eradicating the protecting guards, and operating the grinder with out guards would enhance the operator’s probability of harm if the abrasive failed.

Product life is an extra issue within the alternative of grinding wheel diameter. Bigger-diameter wheels last more. Particularly in functions the place the operator should run the grinding wheel for a sustained interval, utilizing a larger-diameter wheel can enhance productiveness by lowering the variety of instances the operator should cease and exchange the abrasive.

The configuration of the workspace and workpiece additionally affect the selection of diameter. For example, an operator working in a cramped house or on a tough space of the workpiece might select a die grinder with a small 3-inch wheel for higher entry.


The thickness of a grinding wheel impacts its efficiency and wheel life. Our grinding wheels sometimes include a quarter-inch thickness. This measurement offers our wheels a superior steadiness of precision, wheel life, and cut-rate when grinding.

Mixture grinding and slicing wheels with 1/8-inch thickness are additionally out there. These wheels permit for grinding and for making cuts that require a thinner wheel. The good thing about these thinner combo wheels is that they permit the operator to carry out each 90-degree cuts and shallow-angled grinding with out having to alter the abrasive used on the wheel.


To this point, we have mentioned how completely different wheel sorts and compositions can affect the efficiency of a grinding wheel. And we have explored how choosing explicit wheel diameters and thicknesses can optimize grinding wheels for specialised functions.

Now let’s study a number of explicit functions that require the usage of grinding wheels and contemplate the optimum wheel specs for every.

  • Multipass welding work: For work on pipelines, stress vessels, and different important to high quality welding operations, operators will possible desire a wheel such because the Tiger Zirc pipeline grinding wheel. This wheel incorporates ceramic-infused zirconia alumina with a 1/Eighth-inch thickness for precision and management when grinding the weld bead in a bevel. This wheel affords diameters starting from 4 1/2 to 9 inches.
  • Mechanized pipe welding: For mechanized pipe welding, operators typically want thinner wheels that permit them to grind the bead with out increasing or marring the bevel. The Tiger Mech wheel is a perfect answer, designed for grinding begins and stops on J and Okay bevels. This wheel incorporates ceramic-infused zirconia alumina and a skinny 3/32-inch thickness that permits for precision and consistency. The 4 1/2-inch to 7-inch diameters permit for a number of grinder dimension choices when notching mechanized pipe welds.


To see the advantages of high-quality floor conditioning options in your office, make Weiler Abrasives your trusted supply for transportable grinding wheels. We’re right here to assist with all of your grinding challenges by offering the experience that can assist you choose the very best abrasive grinding wheel to fulfill your distinctive floor conditioning necessities.

We additionally set ourselves other than our rivals with our Worth Bundle, providing security coaching for protected and correct wheel use and direct area help that helps you remedy your operational challenges and get essentially the most productiveness and revenue out of your grinding wheel.

Contact us at the moment to be taught extra.

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