what is a jointer planer used for

what is a jointer planer used for

Starting woodworkers all ask this fundamental query: What’s the distinction between a jointer and a planer?

The reply is straightforward, loads! And is there such a factor as a Jointer Planer? No!

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So, what’s the distinction?

Every machine does a very completely different surfacing operation.

A jointer flattens a face or straightens and squares an edge, and a planer thicknesses wooden.

Whether or not you want one, the opposite, or each can simply be answered by realizing how they work, what they do, and the way a lot wooden floor preparation you pay your lumberyard to do for you. And actually, you most likely could possibly be an incredible woodworker with out both machine. They’re simply time savers. Heck, you could possibly use hand planes!

In the end, that you must convert your wooden inventory to usable items on your tasks. A wooden jointer and a planer will make it easier to get there.

What a Jointer Does & How It Works What a Planer Does & How It Works Totally different Ranges of Lumberyard-Produced Floor Preparation

What a Jointer Does & How It Works

A jointer is used to make the face of a warped, twisted, or bowed board flat. After your boards are flat, then the jointer can be utilized to straighten and sq. edges (guard eliminated for photograph).

Jointer and Planer, not Jointer PlanerThere’s an infeed desk and an outfeed desk. The tables are aligned in the identical airplane. A cutter head with knives is mounted between the tables, and its chopping circle (tops of the knives) is aligned flush with the outfeed desk.

The infeed desk is lowered to a depth equal to the quantity of wooden you wish to take away. Passing a board throughout the operating machine (with the guard in place) removes the wooden, and the lower portion of the board is then supported on the outfeed desk. A fence is used as a information when flattening a face, and as a help when jointing board edges. The fence is adjustable for various angles, usually as much as 45-degrees.

WWGOA does supply tutorial movies on how you can use a jointer. Additionally, make sure to see our information on how you can grasp the jointer.

What a Planer Does & How It Works

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A planer is used to make a board that’s been jointed flat equal thickness from end-to-end. Mechanically, it’s extra difficult than a jointer, however functionally it’s easier.

A flattened board is positioned on the planer desk (mattress) and pushed in. The machine’s feed curler grabs the board and pulls it by and previous a rotating cutter headset above the mattress, which removes wooden. The gap the mattress is about from the cutter head is the ensuing thickness.

All planers have limits to how a lot wooden they will take away in a single move, so to attain your completed thickness will seemingly require a number of passes.

Wish to see a planer in motion? Take a look at this distinctive video that gives an inside view of a wooden planer.

Totally different Ranges of Lumberyard-Produced Floor Preparation

Your lumberyard can do none, some, or your entire required floor preparation to the boards you buy. The extra they do, the extra it prices, and the much less management you might have.

You can take this to the acute, give them a lower checklist, have them dimension all of the items, however you’d go broke and haven’t any enjoyable woodworking. I’ll begin by telling you the way each machines are used to floor tough lumber, after which give three extra eventualities the place your lumberyard does more and more extra of the give you the results you want.


Jointer and Planer I purchase my lumber tough (no surfacing), or surfaced hit & miss, which is how nearly all of the lumber I purchase as we speak comes. That removes 1/16″ and planes the wooden so it’s straightforward to see the grain and coloration.

The items I would like for my tasks are “inside” the boards I purchase, and I’ve to machine the boards to make my items. I’ve a lot larger management over the form and flatness of the wooden I exploit once I machine a rough-cut board simply previous to utilizing it in my challenge. One factor is for sure with surfaced wooden, it won’t be the identical dimension and form tomorrow.

Sizing tough lumber requires a jointer to flatten one face, and a planer to chop the thickness. To chop the width you utilize a jointer to sq. and straighten one edge, after which rip the width on a desk noticed. I rip my boards 1/32″ extensive, after which joint off the final 1/32″.

For extra useful ideas, learn my easy-to-follow information: 9 Steps to Sizing Tough Lumber.

Surfaced Two Sides (outsized)- S2S.

Jointer and Planer Instance: You ask your lumberyard to floor your 4/4 boards to 13/16″ regardless that you’ll finally use them as 3/4″ thick boards. They floor the boards utilizing a doubled head planer that cuts each faces on the similar time and does a fairly good job of flattening.

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Doing the surfacing this manner can prevent numerous time. Then simply previous to utilizing your boards in your challenge you’ll “kiss” the boards down to three/4″ to wash up any tough surfaces left from the lumberyard machining, take away any dust and oxidation that may have amassed over time, and supply a recent floor, which is vital for gluing. With one of these surfacing, you’ll want a planer for remaining thickness-ing, and a jointer to straighten edges.

Surfaced Two Sides (remaining thickness)- S2S.

Jointer and Planer All is similar as above however this time your lumberyard surfaces your boards to their remaining thickness.

All you want now could be a jointer to straighten edges.

S2S with Straight Line Rip – SLR.

Jointer and Planer All is similar as S2S however this time your lumberyard cuts one edge of each board straight and sq..

Now you can handle with out both machine, besides, having a jointer to take away noticed marks and clean edges is good.

Assume your planer isn’t large enough? Take a look at these methods for utilizing a small planer and watch this video on how you can get probably the most out of smaller planer.

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Bear in mind, it’s not Jointer Planer. A jointer can be utilized to make a board’s face and edge straight and true. A planer makes your boards uniform in thickness, with two parallel faces. The operations aren’t interchangeable between the 2 machines.

Proudly owning each machines offers you the best management over the flatness and smoothness of the wooden you utilize in your tasks. My jointer is a monster at 12-in. extensive and 84-in. lengthy. It’s very nice for flattening lengthy and extensive boards, however could also be overkill in case your tasks will probably be small. My planer is 13-in. extensive making it the right companion to my extensive jointer.

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