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ABOMASUM: The fourth or true abdomen of a ruminant the place enzymatic digestion happens.
ABSCESS: Boil; a localized assortment of pus.
ACIDOSIS (Grain Overload): A situation wherein the pH of the rumen is abnormally low (<5.5).
ACUTE: Any course of occurring over a brief time period.
ADJUSTED WEIGHT: Weight of the animal that has been adjusted utilizing a correction components to a regular age, intercourse, kind of beginning/rearing, and/or age of dam. These weights improve the accuracy of comparisons between animals for choice because it accounts for recognized variations in surroundings. Adjusted weights are sometimes used when doing efficiency testing.
AFTERBIRTH: The placenta and related membranes expelled from the uterus after parturition.
ANEMIA: An insufficient variety of purple blood cells within the physique.
ANESTROUS PERIOD: The time when the feminine doesn’t exhibit estrus (warmth); the non-breeding season.
ANTHELMINTIC: A drug that expels or kills inner parasites.
ANTIBODY: A protein produced by the physique’s immune system that acknowledges and helps struggle infections and different overseas substances within the physique.
ANTIBOTIC: A pharmaceutical product injected or fed to the animal that helps it struggle off a bacterial an infection.
ARTIFICAL INSEMINATION: The injection of semen into the feminine reproductive tract by way of the usage of an instrument (instance: French gun) to ensure that the animal to grow to be pregnant.
AVERAGE DAILY GAIN (ADG): The quantity of weight gained every day throughout a time period.
BACK CROSS: Breeding a primary cross offspring again to one of many parental breeds. That is typically step one in establishing a grading up program or composite breed.
BALANCED RATION: A ration containing vitamins within the right proportion to satisfy the dietary wants of the animal.
BALANCE/SYMMETRY: Describes how the components of the physique mix collectively and end in good eye attraction and correct affirmation.
BIODIVERSITY – the variety of totally different plant species in an space. The extra species of vegetation, the extra productive and secure the ecosystem.
BLIND TEAT: A non useful teat on the udder of the goat. It may be an extra teat that isn’t linked to a milk duct or one that’s nonfunctional resulting from mastitis.
BLOAT: An extreme accumulation of fuel within the rumen and reticulum, leading to distension of the stomach.
BODY CONDTION SCORE: A numeric worth assigned to an animal that estimates the diploma of fatness or situation that covers the animal’s physique. This rating is assessed by palpating the backbone, (spinal and transverse processes) and ribs. See physique situation scores for goats underneath goat diet Group of Apply.
BOER: One of many breeds of meat goats used within the U.S. This breed originated in South Africa and was imported into this nation through the early 90s. For extra info please see the breeds part within the goat Group of Apply space.
BOLUS: A rounded mass of drugs utilized in cattle, goats and sheep.
BREED: A gaggle of animals with comparable traits (shade, markings, dimension, and many others.) that distinguishes it from different animals. The traits are handed from the mother and father to the offspring.
BREEDING SEASON: The interval when goats will breed naturally. This season normally begins within the fall.
BRUSH GOAT: This was the time period used to explain any goat that was of unknown breeding for a few years within the U.S. These goats had been typically offered little or no upkeep and stored to clear brush on property. Many confirmed traits related to dairy, Spanish, and Angora breeds relying on the situation they had been discovered.
BUCK (Billy): A sexually mature intact male goat used for breeding.
BUCKLING: A sexually immature younger male.
BUCK RAG: A material rubbed on a buck and imbued along with his odor. The rag is stored in a closed container and can be utilized to help in stimulating estrus (warmth) in does.
BULL DOG or UNDERSHOT or MONKEY MOUTH: The decrease jaw is longer than the higher jaw, and the tooth lengthen ahead previous the dental pad on the higher jaw. That is disqualifying function for affirmation.
BROWSE: Bushy or woody vegetation that goats devour.
BURDIZZO: A device used to castrate goats, sheep or cattle that crush the spermatic cords to render the male sterile. This leaves the scrotum intact; nonetheless, the testicles will shrink away.
BUTT HEAD: Goats born with out horns.
BUTTING: A technique of combating by which one animal strikes the pinnacle and horns of its opponent.
CALIFORNIA MASTITIS TEST (CMT): A equipment that can be utilized to check mastitis in cows and does.
CAPRINE: The scientific identify for the goat species.
CAPRINE ARTHRITIS ENCEPHALITIS (CAE): An infectious illness that causes arthritis and progressive irritation in a number of organs or tissue techniques such because the joints, bursae, mind, spinal wire, lungs and udder. This illness impacts goats and is at present incurable.
CARBOHYDRATES – The foremost power supply present in most feedstuffs. Carbohydrates comprise twice as many hydrogen atoms as carbon and as many oxygen atoms as carbon, generally designated as CH2O. They embrace substances resembling sugar, starch, fiber, cellulose and hemicellulose.
CHEVON: Chevon is the French phrase for goat. These are animals which might be slaughtered close to or shortly after weaning.
CARCASS: The dressed physique of a slaughtered animal.
CASTRATION: Elimination of the testicles.
CELLULOSE – A serious structural carbohydrate in vegetation. A element of fiber that’s poorly digested by nonruminant animals. Cellulose consists of glucose molecules chemically linked by a “beta” linkage that’s solely digested by micro organism resembling these within the rumen and/or cecum.
CUBIC CENTIMETER (cc): A quantity measurement similar to milliliter (ml).
CISTERN: The ultimate momentary storage space of milk within the udder.
CLEATS (Clays, Claws, Clees): The 2 halves of the goat’s hoof.
CLOSED HERD or FLOCK: No new animals are launched into the herd or flock.
CLOSTRIDIAL INFECTION: A bacterial an infection that may happen in sheep and goats. Some goat illnesses which might be attributable to this an infection are: Blackleg, Enterotoxaemia (Overeating illness) and Tetanus.
COCCIDIOSIS: A illness that’s generally exhibited in youthful animals attributable to a protozoa parasite an infection. It’s characterised by diarrhea, dehydration, weight reduction, lack of thriftiness, and weak point.
COLOSTRUM: The primary milk the doe or ewe produces after given beginning to their offspring. The milk is thick and golden yellow in shade and accommodates wealthy antibodies. If the new child doesn’t devour the milk inside the first 24 hours of life, there’s little or no probability the animal will survive.
CONCENTRATE: The non-forage a part of an animal’s eating regimen, principally grain and together with oil seed meal and different feed dietary supplements which might be excessive in power and/or protein, however low in crude fiber.
CONFORMATION: The mixture of structural correctness and muscling of the animal together with the body and form of the animal.
CREEP FEEDER: An enclosed feeder meant to maintain bigger (older) animals out for supplementing the ration of younger animals.
CROSS BREED: An animal whose mother and father are of two totally different breeds.
CROWN ROAST: Made by adjoining two Frenched eight-rib racks with twine and bending them to kind a circle. The ends are secured by twine.
CRUDE FIBER – The extra fibrous, much less digestible portion of a plant primarily consisting of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. A technique of estimating the fiber content material is the evaluation of a feedstuff by sequential extraction with acid and alkaline options.
CRYPTORCHID: A situation the place one or each testicles fail to descend into the scrotum sac.
CULL: To take away a substandard animal from the herd or flock.
DAIRY GOATS: Goats which might be used primarily for milk manufacturing. For extra info please see the breeds part within the goat Group of Apply space.
DOE (Nanny): A sexually-mature feminine goat.
DOELING: A younger feminine that isn’t but sexually mature.
DRENCHING: To manage an oral dose of liquid.
DRESSING PERCENTAGE: The dressing share is calculated by dividing the carcass weight by the dwell weight.
DRY PERIOD: The time when the feminine isn’t producing milk.
DRYLOT: An space with no vegetation typically an outdoor pen space.
DYSTOCIA: Issue in delivering the fetuses.
EAR TAG: A technique of figuring out animals through the use of a plastic or steel tag positioned within the ear of the animal. The ID info is printed or written on the tag after which it’s utilized to the ear. This isn’t thought of a everlasting technique of ID.
EMBRYO: Unborn offspring that doesn’t but have developed organ techniques and is within the very early phases of growth within the uterus.
ENTEROTOXEMIA – A illness attributable to an overgrowth of micro organism (Clostridia perfringens) within the gut, normally resulting from fermentation of a big amount of starch, with manufacturing of endotoxin. Often causes speedy dying of animals.
ENVIRONMENT: The sum of all of the situations the animal is uncovered to together with: local weather, housing, feed sources, illness, and many others.
ESTROGEN: The hormone that primarily causes behavioral estrus.
ESTROUS (adjective): An adjective describing something having to do with the feminine reproductive cycle, together with estrus.
ESTROUS CYCLE: The start of 1 estrus (warmth) to the start of the subsequent estrus (warmth).
ESTRUS ((noun, a.ok.a “Warmth”): The interval wherein the feminine is receptive to breeding.
EXTERNAL PARASITE. These parasites feed on physique tissue resembling blood, pores and skin, and hair. The injuries and pores and skin irritation produced by these parasites end in discomfort and irritation to the animal. Some examples of exterior parasites are: fleas, keds, lice, mites, nose-blot flies, and ticks.
FAMACHA ©: It’s an acronym for Faffa Malan Chart; he’s the one that developed a technique of utilizing the colour of the interior eye lid to find out the extent of parasite an infection in sheep and goats in South Africa. The strategy is used to implement selective therapy packages for parasites in goats. To make use of the system correctly producers must attend coaching course and procure an official chart. This method is simply good for management of H. Contortus (often known as the barber pole worm).
FECAL EGG COUNT (FEC): Utilizing a fecal flotation technique to find out the extent of parasite load in goats primarily based on the quantity and kind of parasite eggs discovered within the feces.
FECAL FLOTATION: A microscopic process used to determine numerous parasite eggs in a fecal pattern. There are two fundamental strategies used: Modified McMasters and Wisconsin strategies.
FECES: The manure or excrement produced by an animal.
FEED ADDITIVE: Something added to a feed, together with preservatives, development promoters and drugs.
FETUS: Unborn offspring that has developed organ techniques. This time period applies to the child after embryonic growth and till beginning.
FIBER (in eating regimen): The portion of a feed that’s indigestible or slowly digested by ruminants. It might be expressed as crude fiber, impartial detergent fiber, acid fiber or efficient fiber.
FIBER GOAT: kind of goat used for fiber manufacturing. The hair is harvested and used for textile manufacturing. Angora and Cashmere are two frequent fiber breeds of goats within the U.S. For extra info please see the breeds part within the goat Group of Apply space.
FINISH/CONDITION: Refers back to the quantity of exterior fats that covers the physique.
FLUSHING: The method of accelerating the standard of the eating regimen of the doe earlier than breeding season begins. The apply is used to extend the variety of ovulations to attempt to improve the variety of offspring. It’s typically achieved by rising the power within the eating regimen by both utilizing top quality forage or rising or beginning feeding a focus.
FORAGE: The hay and/or grassy portion of the eating regimen of goats, sheep and cattle.
FORB – any non-woody broad-leaf plant that isn’t a grass.
FOREQUARTERS: The world on the animal’s physique that features the withers, entrance legs, toes, shoulder, chest and brisket space.
FOUNDER – Refers to a consequence of acidosis, leading to speedy development of the hoof.
FREE CHOICE (Advert Libitum): Feed made out there to an animal always in order that the animal can eat at any time when and as a lot because it chooses.
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FRENCHING: Frenching is the method of eradicating one and a half inches of meat from the top reverse the loin eye of the roast or rib chops.
FRESHEN: When a does offers beginning (child) and begins to supply milk.
GAMBREL RESTRAINER: A restraining system that’s product of plastic positioned excessive of the animal’s neck, with slots on both facet to carry each entrance legs of the animal.
GENOTYPE: The particular genes that the animal has on its chromosomes. The genotype of an animal is about at conception and controls the potential efficiency, shade, dimension, and fertility of the animal. The genotype and surroundings mix to supply the phenotype of the animal.
GESTATION: The interval wherein the doe is pregnant (common 150 days).
GO-BACK LAND – land that was as soon as cultivated and allowed to return to grass and weeds, normally for the aim of being grazed by cattle.
HAND MATING: A breeding scheme wherein a feminine and male are remoted by the producer in a confined space for particular person breeding.
HEAT (Estrus): The interval wherein the doe is receptive to mating.
HERMAPHRODITE: A sterile animal with reproductive organs of each sexes.
HORMONE: A chemical secreted into the bloodstream by an endocrine gland, bringing a few physiological response in one other a part of the physique.
HOT CARCASS WEIGHT: The load of a dressed carcass instantly after slaughter previous to the shrinkage that happens within the cooler.
HOTWEIGHT BASIS: typically utilized in advertising and marketing the place value relies on the new carcass weight of the animal somewhat than the dwell weight taken simply previous to processing.
HYPOTHERMIA: When physique temperature drops under that required for regular metabolism and physique capabilities. Incapability to maintain heat typically attributable to chilly or moist climate.
IMMUNITY: Safety from illness that comes because of the physique’s regular immune system response.
INBREEDING: The mating of carefully associated people.
INTERNAL PARASITES: Parasites positioned within the gastrointestinal system in animals.
INTRADERMAL: Inside the dermis, that is the layer of pores and skin under the dermis (outermost layer).
INTRAMUSCULAR (IM): The route of administering drugs by inserting the needle straight into the pores and skin and deep into the muscle. The advisable website for this injection is normally given within the neck of the animal.
INTRANASAL (IN): The spraying or administering of an answer into the nostrils.
INTRAVENOUS (IV): Remedy injected into the vein, normally the jugular vein.
JOHNE’S DISEASE (Mycobacterium paratuberculosis): A bacterial illness inflicting extreme weight reduction and a few diarrhea. Not at present curable.
KEDS: They’re massive, flattened, normally wingless parasitic flies.
KETONE: Compounds discovered within the blood of pregnant does affected by being pregnant toxemia.
KETOSIS: The buildup of ketones within the physique, chargeable for being pregnant illnesses, acetonemia, twin lambing illness and others that happen on the finish of being pregnant or inside a month of kidding.
KID: A goat lower than one 12 months outdated.
KIKO: Breed of meat goats that originated in New Zealand and are recognized for hardiness. They’ve been imported within the U.S. For extra info please see the breeds part within the goat Group of Apply space.
LACTATION: The interval wherein a doe produces milk; the secretion or formation of milk.
LARVAE: The immature stage of an grownup parasite. The time period applies to bugs, ticks and worms.
LEGUMES: A household of vegetation that has nodules on the roots to allow them to repair nitrogen from the ambiance. Legumes are excessive in protein and bear their seeds in a pod (i.e., clover, alfalfa, cowpea).
LETHARGY: An animal that’s gradual to react lacks power and is usually sick.
LIBIDO: Intercourse drive.
LINE BREEDING: A type of inbreeding that makes an attempt to pay attention the genetic make-up of some ancestor.
LIVER FLUKES: A small leaf-shaped organism that rolls up like a scroll within the bile ducts or liver tissue.
LOIN: A muscle that lies between the final rib and the hip bones of the again. Is often used to explain the a part of the physique between the final rib and the hip.
LUNGWORMS: Roundworms discovered within the respiratory tract and lung tissue.
LUTALYSE (PGF2@ or Prostaglandin): A hormone used for synchronizing estrus.
MARBELING: The fats inside the muscle.
MASCULINITY: Time period used to explain the secondary male traits that are exhibited within the head, neck shoulders and chest.
MASTITIS: Irritation of the udder normally attributable to a bacterial an infection.
MATERNAL: Pertaining to the mom or dam.
MEAT GOAT (kind): A breed of goat that’s primarily used for meat manufacturing.
METABOLIC DISEASE: These illnesses that contain the shortage of or uncommon breakdown of bodily and chemical processes within the physique. Typically related to diet and feeding.
METRITIS: Irritation of the uterus.
MILLILITTER (ml): A metric quantity measurement that’s similar to cubic centimeter (cc).
MICROORGANISM: Any residing creature of microscopic dimension, particularly micro organism and protozoa.
MINERAL – The inorganic group of vitamins, together with components resembling calcium, phosphorus and copper.
MONKEY or BULL DOG or UNDERSHOT MOUTH: The decrease jaw is longer than the higher jaw, and the tooth lengthen ahead previous the dental pad on the higher jaw. That is disqualifying function for affirmation.
MOTT – a clump of small timber.
MUMMIFIED FETUS: a lifeless, shrunken fetus normally carried to time period or later by the doe. The fetus normally died at an early stage of growth, however after was too massive to be reabsorbed by the doe.
NECROPSY: To look at an animal after dying to find out the reason for dying.
NON-PROTEIN NITROGEN (NPN): Feed ingredient that isn’t a protein, however accommodates nitrogen (urea) that may be transformed by the animal into protein (with sufficient power).
NUTRIENT – Considered one of six lessons of chemical compounds having particular capabilities within the nutritive help of animal life.
NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS – The extent of particular vitamins required to maintain an animal wholesome and productive.
NUTRITION – The research of vitamins, figuring out what vitamins are required, what ranges of vitamins are obligatory for numerous ranges of productiveness, and the way to present these vitamins.
OMASUM: The omasum is the third compartment of a ruminant’s abdomen positioned between the reticulum and the abomasum. Referred to as manyplies.
OPEN: A feminine that isn’t pregnant.
OPEN SHOULDERS (Free shoulders): The shoulder blades are structurally too far aside on the prime which makes it tough for the animal to face for lengthy intervals or to maneuver round freely.
OVER-CONDITIONED: An animal that’s excessively fats typically resulting from over feeding.
OVERSHOT or PARROT MOUTH: An animal that has the decrease jaw shorter than the higher jaw and the decrease tooth hit the again of the dental pad. That is disqualifying function for affirmation.
PALATABLE or PALATABILITY: The style and texture of forage and feed. A forage that’s extremely palatable has a nice style and texture to livestock.
PARASITE: An organism which lives on or in one other residing organism (host) on the expense of the latter.
PARROT or OVERSHOT MOUTH: An animal that has the decrease jaw shorter than the higher jaw and the decrease tooth hit the again of the dental pad. That is disqualifying function for affirmation.
PARTURITION: The method of giving beginning.
PASSIVE IMMUNITY: Buying the safety towards infectious illness from one other animal. This generally happens when a new child consumes antibody-rich colostrum from its mom. Failure to devour enough colostrum will increase the animal’s threat of contracting a illness.
PATERNAL: Pertaining to the daddy or sire.
PEDIGREE: An inventory of the ancestors of an animal that typically goes again 4 to eight generations. It’s typically used to show parentage for registration in a breed affiliation. A shorter checklist can be utilized by producers to hint parentage of animals on their farm.
PELT: The pores and skin of a goat.
PENCIL SHRINK: A share adjustment in dwell weight, typically between 2 and 4 %, which is subtracted to make sure that duty for weight reduction throughout transport is shared by the client and vendor.
PERFORMANCE DATA: Data associated to the expansion charge of the goat. This typically will embrace beginning to weaning information and adjusted weaning weights. It appropriately refers to any weight and animal acquire information out there on an animal.
PERITONITIS: Irritation of the inner floor of the stomach. This situation is usually the results of infections and sure illnesses.
pH: How a lot acid or how a lot base is in a pattern. The decrease the pH of a substance, the extra acidic the pattern. Conversely, the upper the pH, the extra fundamental the pattern. A pH of seven is taken into account impartial. Regular rumen pH needs to be round 6-7, relying on the ration being fed.
PHENOTYPE: The seen or measurable results of genotype and surroundings. The phenotype consists of an animal’s exterior look, measures of its productiveness and its physiological traits.
PHOTOPERIOD: Size of day (or size of interval that that synthetic mild is offered). This additionally could be expressed as a ratio of daylight to darkness.
PLACENTA: the membranes that encompass the fetus whereas it’s within the uterus. That is additionally known as the afterbirth at parturition.
PLACENTITIS: Irregular irritation of the placenta, normally resulting from infectious illness.
POLLED: Naturally hornless.
POLIOENCEPHALOMALACIA, PEM, or ‘polio’ – A neurological illness of goats attributable to thiamine deficiency. The rumen usually produces ample ranges of thiamine; however underneath some situations, resembling a excessive grain eating regimen, excessive sulfur within the eating regimen, stress, or being “off feed,” the thiamine is degraded, thus inflicting the illness.
POSTPARTUM: Occurring after beginning.
ppm: Components per million.
PREPARTUM: Occurring earlier than beginning.
PRIMAL CUTS: Additionally known as wholesale cuts the unique cuts ensuing from the primary division of the fore and hind saddle of lamb or mutton.
PROLAPSE: An inside organ pushing outdoors of the physique cavity.
PROGNOSIS: The possibilities of an animal having a standard high quality of life following a illness or downside. That is reported utilizing the phrases poor, honest, good, or glorious.
PROLIFIC: Tendency to supply many offspring.
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PROTEIN: A nutrient required for development and the restore of physique tissue.
PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT: A feed that accommodates a excessive density of protein and is used to provide further protein within the ration.
PROXIMAL: A construction that’s nearer the principle physique. For instance, the three bones within the foot are designated by the phrases proximal, center, and distal relying on their location relative to the principle physique.
PUBERTY: When an animal turns into sexually mature. This happens round 4 months of age in most goat breeds.
PUREBRED: A person whose mother and father are of the identical breed and could be traced again to the institution of that specific breed by way of the data of a registry affiliation.
PURULENT: A time period describing pus-like discharge or an infection.
PYELONEPHRITIS: Irritation of the kidney, starting on the “pelvis.” Typically resulting from a bacterial an infection.
QUARANTINE: To restrict and hold an animal away from the remainder of the herd or flock to forestall the unfold of illness.
RACK (meat time period): refers back to the rib part of the carcass alongside the again. This is likely one of the highest worth cuts on a goat and is usually used as a roast.
RADDLE (Marker): Paint or crayon utilized to the male’s chest to mark the females he mates.
Vary – an space of land that’s populated with native vegetation species, typically by no means cultivated.
RATION: The whole feed given to an animal throughout a 24-hour interval.
RECESSIVE GENE: A gene which should be current on each chromosomes in a pair to indicate outward indicators of a sure attribute.
RECTAL PROLAPSE: When a portion of the rectum protrudes from the anus.
REGISTERED: A goat whose beginning and ancestry has been recorded by a registry affiliation.
RETICULUM: The second compartment of the ruminant’s abdomen. The reticulum has a honey-combed look and is the receptacle for steel overseas objects that’s swallowed.
ROTATIONAL GRAZING: A system by which livestock are allotted to a sure grazing or searching space for a sure time period earlier than they’re moved to a different space.
ROUGHAGE: A excessive fiber, low whole digestible nutrient feed consisting of coarse cumbersome vegetation or plant components; dry or inexperienced feed with over 18% crude fiber.
RUGGED: Huge and robust.
RUMP: The world between the hip bones and the tail head.
RUMEN: The big first compartment of a ruminant’s abdomen containing a microbial inhabitants that’s able to breaking down forages and roughages.
RUMENOCENTESIS (rumen faucet): When the rumen contents are collected by inserting a needle into the rumen.
RUMINANT: Animals which have a four-compartment abdomen (rumen or paunch, reticulum or honeycomb, omasum or manyplies, and abomasum or true abdomen).
RUMINATION: The method of regurgitating meals to be re-chewed.
SAVANNA: Breed of meat goats that originated from South Africa. This breed states that the goats are hardier than another breeds and have good muscle traits. For extra info please see the breeds part within the goat Group of Apply space.
SAVANNAH – a plant neighborhood with scattered, open-grown, fire-tolerant timber with a grassy, herbaceous understory.
SCALE: A tool used to weigh animals, feed and many others.
SCRAPIE: Scrapie is a deadly, degenerative illness affecting the central nervous system, one of many class of illnesses referred to as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs).
SCROTUM: The pores and skin sac or bag containing the testicles of a male animal.
SCURS: A rudimentary horn. A small rounded portion of horn tissue connected to the pores and skin of the horn pit of a polled animal.
SECOND CROSS: Progeny ensuing from the mating of true half-breeds and a definite breed.
SEED BANK- reference to weed and brush seeds which have amassed within the soil over a few years.
SEPTICAEMIA: A critical an infection wherein the bloodstream is invaded by massive numbers of causal micro organism which multiply there.
SETTLED: A feminine that’s pregnant.
SICKLE-HOCKED: Situation when an animal has an excessive amount of angle or set to the hock. This situation, when seen from the facet is recognized because the animal having their toes too far underneath the animal whereas the hock is within the right place behind the animal.
SIRE: Male guardian.
SKIN TENT: When the pores and skin of an animal is gently pinched and pulled outward. A dehydrated animal’s pores and skin won’t quickly return to its regular place or form.
SMOOTH-MOUTH: An animal that has misplaced all of its everlasting incisors, normally at 7 or extra years of age.
SOUNDNESS: When an animal is free from illness and lacks structural defects that have an effect on its usefulness.
SOREMOUTH: A extremely contagious, (additionally to people), viral an infection that causes scabs across the mouth, nostrils, and eyes and will have an effect on the udders of lactating does.
SPANISH: A breed of goat that was recognized within the South West a part of the nation and is believed to have originated from goats introduced over by the Spanish explorers within the 1700’s. Efforts are underway to higher categorize this breed and set up breed registry. For extra info please see the breeds part within the goat Group of Apply space.
STANCHION: A tool for restraining a goat by the neck for the aim of feeding, milking, hoof trimming or synthetic insemination.
STANDING HEAT: The interval wherein the doe or ewe will stand nonetheless and settle for the male for breeding.
STILLBIRTH: A fetus born lifeless. There could be many potential causes some associated to illness others resulting from diet or situations within the uterus at or earlier than the beginning course of begins.
STOCKING RATE (per acre): The variety of animals that may be pastured on one acre, or the variety of acres required to pasture one animal.
STOCKPILE FORAGE – Forage that’s allowed to build up for grazing at a later time.
STRUCTURAL CORRECTNESS: Free from any conformational abnormalities which incorporates the skeleton, toes, and legs of the animal.
STYLISH (Monitoring): An animal possessing a lovely, pleasing conformation or manner of motion.
SUBCUTANEOUS (SQ) INJECTIONS: Insertion of the needle just below the pores and skin and never into the muscle. That is vital as a result of SQ injectables are designed for a slower charge of absorption.
SUPPLEMENT – A feed designed to supply vitamins poor within the animal’s major eating regimen.
TAPEWORMS: Lengthy, ribbon-like segmented flatworms that may inhabit the gastrointestinal tract of animals.
TATTOO: Everlasting identification of animals produced by inserting ink underneath the pores and skin, typically within the ear, or within the tail internet (of the LaMancha goat) utilizing a tattoo gun with digital (sharp needle-like) numbers.
TEASER: A male that has been vasectomized and is used to point which females are in estrus.
TETANUS: Additionally known as Lock Jaw is a situation attributable to poisons produced by Clostridium tetani which is a bacterium discovered within the soil. Signs normally seem inside 7 to 14 days of publicity and embrace stiffness and soreness that progresses by way of the physique till the entire physique is paralyzed inside 48 hrs of first look.
TOTAL DIGESTIBLE NUTRIENTS (TDN): A measure used to point the power in a feed or of how a lot power an animal requires. A pound of TDN equals 2,000 energy (kilocalories).
TOXEMIA: Generalized poisoning, resulting from soluble (normally bacterial) toxins getting into the bloodstream.
TOXIN: Any toxic substance of organic origin.
TOXOID: An immunizing agent towards toxins produced by micro organism. Most frequently type of immunity to tetanus.
TRACE MINERALS(TM): Minerals which might be required in very small quantities.
UDDER: The mammary gland of sheep and goats that secretes-milk.
UMBILICUS: The world the place the umbilical wire was connected throughout gestation. That is generally referred to as the “stomach button.”
UNDERSHOT or BULL DOG MOUTH or MONKEY MOUTH: The decrease jaw is longer than the higher jaw, and the tooth lengthen ahead previous the dental pad on the higher jaw.
UPGRADE: The method of grading up from a industrial animal to a selected breed by way of the usage of backcrossing. This ends in animals which might be sometimes called share or full blood animals by breed associations.
URINARY CALCULI: A metabolic illness of males characterised by the formation of stones inside the urinary tract. It’s triggered primarily by an imbalance of dietary calcium and phosphorus.
URETHROSCOPY: An examination of the urethra utilizing an endoscope.
UROLITHS or UROLITHIASIS: Describing a wide range of stones which might be discovered within the urinary system. These embrace kidney and bladder stones.
VACCINE: A organic product that’s injected into an animal to stimulate an immunity to a specific illness.
VAGINAL PROLAPSE: The protrusion of the vagina in ewes or does throughout late being pregnant.
VEIN: Blood vessels within the physique that carry blood in direction of the center.
VITAMINS – Particular natural substances required for numerous metabolic capabilities.
VIRULENCE: The flexibility a microorganism has to trigger an an infection or illness. Microorganisms which have the power to trigger extra extreme illness are stated to be extremely virulent.
WASTY: a:) An excessive amount of fats on the carcass; b:) An animal that has a paunchy-middle.
WATTLE: A small fleshy appendage connected on or close to the throat space of the goat and which serves no recognized perform.
WEAN: To separate nursing offspring from their moms in order that they not obtain milk.
WEANER or WEANLING: An animal that has been weaned from its mom or has stopped suckling its mom. WETHER: A male sheep or goat that has been castrated.
WHITE MUSCLE DISEASE: Drawback in younger goats attributable to a deficiency of selenium and/or vitamin E. It causes youngsters to be weak at beginning and shortly after beginning. The situation impairs the animals means to move oxygen correctly and if not handled can lead to dying inside 48 hrs of beginning.
YEARLING: A male or feminine sheep or goat that’s between 1 and a pair of years of age.
ZOONOSIS or ZOONOTIC: Any animal illness that may be unfold to people.
Belanger, J. (2001). Storey’s Information to Elevating Dairy Goats.
Hart, S. 2008. Meat Goat Diet. Pages 58-83 in Proc. twenty third Ann. Goat Discipline Day, Langston College, Langston, OK.
Hart, S. 2006. Goats for Vegetation Administration. In: Meat Goat Manufacturing Handbook, ed. T.A. Gipson, R.C. Merkel, Okay. Williams, and T. Sahlu, Langston College, ISBN 1-880667-04-5.
McKenzie-Jakes, A. (1999). Choosing and Evaluating Meat Goats for Meat Goat Manufacturing. Florida A&M College. Cooperative Extension Program.
McKenzie-Jakes, A. (2007). Glossary of Small Ruminant Terminologies. In: Grasp Goat Producer’s Certification Program. Florida A&M College.
Thedford, T. (1983). Goat Well being Handbook. Winrock Worldwide, ISBN 1-57360-001-6.
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