what is a tatami mat used for

what is a tatami mat used for

1. Tatami is a standard flooring utilized in Japan


Tatami mats are comprised of rush and material. The push is woven in, and material is used to cowl the woven ends. A conventional Japanese room, or washitsu (和室), all the time makes use of tatami as flooring. New tatami mats are inexperienced, however as they get older, they change into yellow.

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2. Trendy tatami is made by machines


Kumamoto, Hiroshima, Okayama, Fukuoka, and Kouchi are well-known for rising the frenzy, or igusa (イグサ) the mats are woven from. To make one tatami mat, 4000 to 7000 items of rush are used. Immediately, machines can full the weaving course of in a few hour and half.

3. The usual tatami mat is about 910mm x 1820 mm


The usual tatami mat additionally has 2 differing types: a sort with a 2:1 ratio, and one other that may be a half that measurement. Tatami mats are made to suit the room, not the opposite method spherical. So whereas there’s a commonplace measurement, this isn’t the one possibility.

4. There are 4 commonplace tatami sizes


Usually, tatami mats are ordered to suit the room measurement. Moreover that, there are 4 commonplace sizes; Kyouma (京間), Chuukyouma (中京間), Edoma (江戸間), and Danchima (団地間).

5. The origin of tatami mats comes from piling up straw

Ignis/Wikimedia Commons

The origins of the kind of tatami mats used at this time started within the Heian interval. The pile of straw grew to become thicker, and the variety of sizes grew to become standarized. By the Muromachi interval, with the introduction of structure known as shoindukuri (書院造), which is proven within the picture, the rooms have been all floored with tatami mats. By the Edo interval, tatami mats have been a key a part of Japanese structure. You may even discover a tatami mat Starbucks in Japan at this time!

6. Tatami mats consist of three elements


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The tatami-doko (畳床) is the within of the tatami. Historically it was stuffed with compressed rice straw, however as a result of hardness of getting rice straw and bug issues, they modified this to compressed wooden chips or styrene type.

The tatami-omote (畳表) is the floor of the tatami. It’s woven dried rush woven in finely. They use hemp or cotton yarn as weaving warp.

The tatami-fuchi (畳縁) is the sting of the tatami mat. Material is wrapped across the finish of the tatami mat to cover the ends of the woven space. The picture above is an instance of various tatami-fuchi patterns.

7. There are two methods of putting tatami mats

Ignis/Wikimedia Commons

Shyugi Shiki (祝儀敷き) is the preferred method finished in regular households. The Tatami mats are positioned in a method that the 4 corners of the Tatami do not collect in a single spot.

Fushyugi Shiki (不祝儀敷き) is used for unfortunate occasions equivalent to funerals. It’s a customized in an effort to keep away from the unhealthy luck.

8. There are Tatami mats particularly utilized in homes with Western sorts of rooms.

They’re known as both Unit Tatami (ユニット畳) or Oki Tatami (置き畳). They’re rectangular and utilized in households which have western sorts of rooms with hardwood flooring. They’re positioned on the hardwood flooring.

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November 2020 Replace:

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9. There are tatami mats particularly used for Judo

Hatch/Wikimedia Commons

Thy are known as Judo Tatami (柔道畳). They don’t seem to be fabricated from rush, however reasonably a sheet of polymer with a tough floor that resembles an actual tatami mat. Subsequently, even with the lively Judo strikes, the tatami would not acquire mud or get broken.

10. Cleansing tatami mats might be finished with vacuums, specialised flooring mops, or a chunk of fabric


Tatami mats are extraordinarily weak to humidity. If you happen to depart a tatami mat in a damp surroundings, it will begin rising mildew. To keep away from this, every day cleansing might be finished by vacuums with a specialised tatami mode, or particular flooring mops. For thorough cleansing, a dry piece of fabric would do the job. Above all of this, cleansing should be finished in the identical path that the frenzy is woven in.

If the Tatami mat is past cleansing and is yellowing, the tatami mat can be reversed, or turned into a brand new one. The common tatami mat life span is round 5 to six years.

11. By no means go right into a tatami room together with your footwear on


It’s customary to take away your footwear in Japan when coming into a room with hardwood flooring or tatami mats. Sneakers are an enormous no-no for tatami mats, since they injury the woven rush.

12. There are numerous households with each Western sort of hardwood flooring rooms and Japanese model rooms these days


It is sort of a fusion of contemporary and outdated Japan in a single home. Some individuals favor sleeping on tatami mats with futons, reasonably than beds on hardwood flooring. Some individuals use the Japanese model rooms for company.

13. Sitting on tatami mats requires both cross-legged or seiza.


In a tatami sitting room, there are specific methods to sit down which can be thought-about good manners, for instance when company are visiting. Cross-legged is taken into account extra informal. Seiza (正座) is probably the most formal method to sit on tatami mats. You bend your legs and sit on them, together with your ft crossed below your backside.

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See Japanese tatami mats for your self!

If you happen to’re fascinated with Japanese structure, we’ve details about Japan’s charming kominka in our article, Easy But Lovely: Japan’s Conventional Properties, Kominka.

You may probably have an opportunity to sit down and luxuriate in tatami mats whilst you’re in Japan. If you happen to keep in a Japanese inn, or ryokan, you may even sleep on a sort of tatami matress known as a futon. Go to our roundup of the 20 Finest Japanese Ryokan Inns for a Blissful Keep in Kyoto for a method to incorporate an expertise of this distinctive a part of Japanese tradition into your journey!

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