what is clonidine used to treat

what is clonidine used to treat

Generic identify: clonidine (oral) (KLOE ni deen) Model identify: Catapres, Kapvay Dosage types: oral pill (0.1 mg; 0.2 mg; 0.3 mg); oral pill, prolonged launch (0.1 mg/12 hr)Drug class: Antiadrenergic brokers, centrally performing

Medically reviewed by Sanjai Sinha, MD. Final up to date on Aug 10, 2021.

You're reading: what is clonidine used to treat

  • Makes use of
  • Warnings
  • Dosage
  • What to keep away from
  • Uncomfortable side effects
  • Interactions

What’s clonidine?

Clonidine lowers blood strain by lowering the degrees of sure chemical compounds in your blood. This permits your blood vessels to chill out and your coronary heart to beat extra slowly and simply.

Clonidine is used to deal with hypertension (hypertension).

The Kapvay model is used to deal with consideration deficit hyperactivity dysfunction (ADHD).

Clonidine is usually given with different drugs.

Clonidine can also be out there as a transdermal patch worn on the pores and skin. Don’t use two types of this drugs on the similar time.


Earlier than you’re taking clonidine, inform your physician when you have coronary heart illness or extreme coronary artery illness, a coronary heart rhythm dysfunction, gradual heartbeats, low blood strain, a historical past of coronary heart assault or stroke, kidney illness, or when you have ever had an allergic response to a Catapres TTS transdermal pores and skin patch.

Use solely as directed. Inform your physician in case you use different medicines or produce other medical situations or allergy symptoms.

Earlier than taking this drugs

You shouldn’t take this drugs if you’re allergic to clonidine.

To verify clonidine is secure for you, inform your physician when you have:

  • coronary heart illness or extreme coronary artery illness;

  • a coronary heart rhythm dysfunction, gradual heartbeats;

  • excessive or low blood strain, or a historical past of fainting spells;

  • a coronary heart assault or stroke;

  • pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal gland);

  • kidney illness; or

  • when you have ever had an allergic response to a Catapres TTS transdermal pores and skin patch.

It’s not recognized if clonidine will hurt an unborn child. Inform your physician if you’re pregnant or plan to develop into pregnant.

In case you are pregnant, your identify could also be listed on a being pregnant registry to trace the results of clonidine on the infant.

Clonidine might have an effect on fertility in males or girls. Being pregnant might be tougher to attain whereas both mum or dad is utilizing this drugs.

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In case you are breastfeeding, inform your physician in case you discover somnolence, tiredness, fast respiration, and poor feeding within the nursing child.

Catapres shouldn’t be accepted to be used by anybody youthful than 18 years previous. Don’t give Kapvay to a toddler youthful than 6 years previous.

How ought to I take clonidine?

Take clonidine precisely as prescribed by your physician. Comply with all instructions in your prescription label and browse all remedy guides or instruction sheets. Your physician might sometimes change your dose.

Clonidine is often taken within the morning and at bedtime. For those who take completely different doses of this drugs at every dosing time, it could be finest to take the bigger dose at bedtime.

Clonidine could also be taken with or with out meals.

Swallow the extended-release pill entire and don’t crush, chew, or break it.

Inform your physician when you have a deliberate surgical procedure.

You might have withdrawal signs in case you cease utilizing this drugs all of the sudden. Ask your physician earlier than stopping the drugs.

Name your physician if you’re sick with vomiting. That is particularly necessary for a kid taking clonidine.

If in case you have hypertension, preserve utilizing this drugs even in case you really feel effectively. Hypertension typically has no signs.

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Dosing info

Traditional Grownup Dose for Hypertension:

Oral: -Preliminary dose: 0.1 mg orally 2 instances a day (morning and bedtime) -Titration: Increments of 0.1 mg orally per day could also be made at weekly intervals to desired response -Upkeep dose: 0.2 to 0.6 mg orally per day in divided doses -Most dose: 2.4 mg orally per day in divided doses Feedback: -Taking the bigger portion of the oral each day dose at bedtime might decrease transient adjustment results of dry mouth and drowsiness Transdermal patches: -Preliminary dose: 0.1 mg/24 hr patch utilized each 7 days -Upkeep dose: If, after 1 to 2 weeks the specified discount in blood strain shouldn’t be achieved, improve the dosage by including one other 0.1 mg/24 hr patch or altering to a bigger system -Most dose: Doses above two 0.3 mg/24 hr patches utilized each 7 days is often not related to extra efficacy Feedback: -The transdermal patch ought to be utilized to a hairless space of intact pores and skin on the higher outer arm or chest. -Every new patch ought to be utilized on a unique pores and skin website from the earlier location. -If the patch loosens throughout 7-day carrying, the adhesive cowl ought to be utilized immediately over the system to make sure good adhesion. -There have been uncommon studies of the necessity for patch modifications previous to 7 days to keep up blood strain management. -When substituting patches for the oral formulation or for different antihypertensive medicine, physicians ought to be conscious that the antihypertensive impact of the patches might not start till 2 to three days after preliminary software; due to this fact, gradual discount of prior drug dosage is suggested. Some or all earlier antihypertensive remedy might need to be continued, significantly in sufferers with extra extreme types of hypertension. Use: For hypertension, alone or together with different antihypertensive brokers

Traditional Pediatric Dose for Consideration Deficit Dysfunction:

Prolonged launch: 6 years and older: -Preliminary dose: 0.1 mg orally at bedtime -Titration: Enhance in 0.1 mg/day increments each 7 days till desired response; doses ought to be administered twice each day (both break up equally or with the upper break up dosage given at bedtime) -Most dose: 0.4 mg/day in 2 divided doses Feedback: -Could also be taken with or with out meals. -If a dose is missed, that dose ought to be skipped and take the subsequent dose as scheduled. -Tablets ought to be swallowed entire, and never crushed, chewed, or damaged to keep away from rising the speed of drug launch. -When discontinuing remedy, taper each day dose by not more than 0.1 mg each 3 to 7 days. Use: For the remedy of consideration deficit hyperactivity dysfunction (ADHD) as monotherapy or as adjunctive remedy to stimulant drugs.

What occurs if I miss a dose?

Skip the missed dose and use your subsequent dose on the common time. Don’t use two doses at one time.

What occurs if I overdose?

Search emergency medical consideration or name the Poison Assist line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose signs might embody feeling chilly, irritable, weak, drowsy, or light-headed, or having weak reflexes, pinpoint pupils, gradual heartbeats, shallow respiration, or a seizure.

What ought to I keep away from whereas taking clonidine?

Keep away from ingesting alcohol. It might improve sure unwanted side effects of clonidine.

Keep away from driving or hazardous exercise till you understand how clonidine will have an effect on you. Dizziness or drowsiness could cause falls, accidents, or extreme accidents.

Keep away from turning into overheated or dehydrated throughout train and in scorching climate.

Clonidine unwanted side effects

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Get emergency medical assist when you have indicators of an allergic response to clonidine: hives; tough respiration; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Name your physician without delay when you have:

  • extreme chest ache, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeats;

  • a really gradual coronary heart price; or

  • a light-headed feeling, such as you may cross out.

Widespread clonidine unwanted side effects might embody:

  • drowsiness, dizziness;

  • feeling drained or irritable;

  • dry mouth;

  • constipation, lack of urge for food; or

  • sleep issues (insomnia), nightmares.

This isn’t an entire checklist of unwanted side effects and others might happen. Name your physician for medical recommendation about unwanted side effects. You might report unwanted side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What different medicine will have an effect on clonidine?

Utilizing clonidine with different medicine that make you drowsy can worsen this impact. Ask your physician earlier than utilizing opioid remedy, a sleeping capsule, a muscle relaxer, or drugs for anxiousness or seizures.

Inform your physician about all of your different medicines, particularly:

  • different coronary heart or blood strain drugs;

  • an antidepressant; or

  • another drugs that accommodates clonidine.

This checklist shouldn’t be full. Different medicine might work together with clonidine, together with prescription and over-the-counter medicines, nutritional vitamins, and natural merchandise. Not all potential interactions are listed on this remedy information.

Additional info

Keep in mind, preserve this and all different medicines out of the attain of youngsters, by no means share your medicines with others, and use clonidine just for the indication prescribed.

At all times seek the advice of your healthcare supplier to make sure the knowledge displayed on this web page applies to your private circumstances.

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