what is datem used for in food

what is datem used for in food

What’s DATEM | Properties | Makes use of | Security | Uncomfortable side effects | 6 FAQs

DATEM, the abbreviation of “Mono- And Diacetyltartaric Acid Esters Of Mono- And Diglycerides Of Fatty Acids”, is probably the most generally used emulsifier in bread as a dough conditioner with the European meals additive quantity E472e. Usually, this ingredient is vegan, halal, freed from gluten and dairy in meals.

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What’s DATEM?

What’s it in bread?

DATEM capabilities as a dough conditioner, which is used for strengthening the gluten community in dough in the course of the baking course of. It improves the feel and will increase the amount in bread. It’s labeled as “DATEM” or normal title “diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides” in its label.

What’s it manufactured from?

1. Blended esters

DATEM consists of combined esters of glycerol with mono- and diacetyl tartaric acids (obtained from tartaric acid) and plant-sourced fatty acids.

Stearic acid is the widespread fatty acids derived from vegetable sources, comparable to palm oil, sunflower oil or others.

The ultimate product, DATEM could comprise the next substances:

  • free glycerol
  • free glycerides
  • free fatty acid
  • free tartaric acid
  • free acetic acid
  • tartaric and acetic esters of fatty acids

2. Service and anti-caking agent

DATEM is simple to soak up water, particularly in summer season. So the producers don’t make the particle dimension too small. In the meantime, there are all the time service and anti-caking agent in DATEM, comparable to calcium carbonate, tricalcium phosphate and trisodium phosphate.

What’s it constituted of?

DATEM is an artificial emulsifier constituted of the esterification of acetic acid, tartaric acid, glycerol and fatty acids. It may also be produced from diacetyl tartaric anhydride with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids which can be derived from edible sources.


Different Names

  • Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of monoglycerides
  • Blended acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids
  • Blended Glycerol Esters of Diacetyltartaric Acid and Fatty Acids from Meals Fat
  • Tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, combined
  • Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of edible fat or oils

CAS Quantity


Chemical formulation


Molecular Weight



Off-white to gentle yellow waxes with a barely acidic scent.


Soluble in commonest fats solvents, methanol, acetone and ethyl acetate, insoluble in acetic acid and water. It may be dispersed in water and doesn’t decompose for a very long time. The three% dispersion in water has a pH of two to three. HLB worth 8 to 10.


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DATEM chemical structure

Stearic acid because the fatty acid

It’s the combined esters of glycerin wherein a number of of the hydroxyl teams of glycerin esterified by diacetyl tartaric acid and fatty acids. There are two hydroxyl teams esterified within the above construction, one is by diacetyl tartaric acid, one other one is by fatty acids.

What are the Makes use of of DATEM?

It’s primarily used as a dough conditioner for baked merchandise, particularly for yeast-leavened merchandise, white bread and rusks. Additionally in bread improvers and in ready-mixed flours. Right here’s a better have a look at its varied makes use of and capabilities.


Enhance dough fermentation and dough capability, enhance dough stability, enhance gasoline retention, improve quantity and enhance the crumb texture of the bread.


Present emulsion properties and enhance the crumb construction.

Biscuits & Cookies

Enhance the feel and scale back hardness in fat-reduced biscuits with out the lack of style.

Candy dough, Pastry and Donuts

Enhance machinability and uncooked materials tolerance.

Espresso Whitener

Present stabilization properties.

Whipped toppings

Enhance the stabilization and whipping properties in toppings.


Enhance melting properties and texture.

Soups, sauces and dressings

Enhance warmth and emulsion stability.

Different purposes embrace:

  • Ice cream
  • Beverage whiteners
  • Vegetable Protein Drinks
  • Emulsified sauces
  • Canned espresso or tea

Is DATEM Secure?

Its security as a meals additive has been accepted by the FDA, EFSA and JECFA.

U.S. Meals and Drug Administration

Meals Security and Makes use of

DATEM is usually acknowledged as protected (GRAS) as a direct human meals ingredient and can be utilized in meals with no limitation aside from present good manufacturing follow. It’s used as an emulsifier, an emulsifier salt and a flavoring agent and adjuvant.

The appliance consists of baked items and baking mixes, nonalcoholic drinks, confections and frostings, dairy product analogs, and fat and oils. (1)

Animal Feed

FDA additionally said that the emulsifying agent DATEM is usually acknowledged as protected when utilized in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding follow. (2)

European Meals Security Authority

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DATEM (E 472e) is authorised as a meals additive within the European Union (EU) in accordance with Annex II and Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on meals components and categorized as “components aside from colors and sweeteners” (3)

Scientific panel on meals components and flavourings had a gathering in Oct, 2019 for the dialogue of Acetic acid, lactic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, mono- and diacetyltartaric acid, combined acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acid (E472a-f). (4)

UK Meals Requirements Company

Categorized as an emulsifier, stabiliser, thickener and gelling agent. (5)

Meals Requirements Australia New Zealand

It’s an accepted ingredient in Australia and New Zealand with the code quantity 472e. (6)

JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Knowledgeable Committee on Meals Components)

Perform class: meals components, emulsifier. (7)

Acceptable every day consumption (ADI): ADI “0-50 mg/kg bw” set since 2003. (8)

What are the attainable Facet Results of DATEM?

It’s common that typically shoppers have questions if DATEM is dangerous for our well being and what are the unintended effects.

We perceive that buyers favor pure meals and have issues in regards to the synthetic emulsifier within the meals we eat. There are few well being dangers had been reported, together with allergic response, toxicity and so forth.

A printed research in 2002 stated that DATEM could result in adrenal overgrowth and coronary heart muscle fibrosis on rats. (9)

Is it protected for pregnant?

Usually, it’s protected however higher seek the advice of along with your physician.

Incessantly Requested Questions About DATEM

Is it Pure?

DATEM will not be pure as it’s constituted of chemical synthesis. Acetic acid, tartaric acid, glycerol and fatty acids are the primary uncooked supplies.

Is It Halal?

Sure, DATEM is halal, complies with the coverage “Supplies shouldn’t be derived from: pork or its derivatives, Khamr (alcoholic drinks) or khamr derivatives that are bodily separated from Khamr, blood, carrion, and elements of a human physique.” We will discover some China producers certificated with MUI halal.

Is It Kosher?

Sure, it’s kosher pareve. We will discover some suppliers certificated with kosher in OU Kosher.

Is It Gluten free?

Sure, it’s gluten free and can be utilized as an emulsifier in meals with out gluten. However as it’s primarily utilized in baking to strengthen the gluten community within the dough, so it could make no sense in gluten-free doughs. Do you assume so?

Is It Vegan?

Sure, it’s vegan, DATEM produced from chemical synthesis, the uncooked supplies and manufacturing course of with out the usage of animal matter or merchandise derived from animals. It’s thought of vegan and appropriate so as to add within the weight-reduction plan of vegetarians.

Is It Dairy Free?

Sure, it’s dairy free because it doesn’t derive from a dairy supply. Individuals who’re lactose intolerance or with milk allergy can eat the meals with it.


Now you’ll have information of the emulsifier – DATEM (E472e), from its manufacturing; composition; makes use of in bread; accepted security, attainable unintended effects and a few FAQs comparable to is it vegan, gluten free, artificial or pure.

What sorts of meals packaging have you ever discovered this ingredient in? Let me know within the feedback.

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