what is it called when you mix up letters in a word

what is it called when you mix up letters in a word

For those who love phrase play, you in all probability know {that a} phrase — or longer piece of writing — that reads the identical ahead and backward known as a palindrome. However what do you name a phrase that spells one other phrase backwards, or a phrase that appears the identical the other way up? When phrases for these orthographic puzzlers did not exist, logolologists (such because the authors of the books listed under) had been blissful to invent some. Listed below are just a few:

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1. IsogramA phrase by which no letter of the alphabet happens greater than as soon as. Dimitri Borgmann’s longest instance: dermatoglyphics, the research of pores and skin markings or patterns on fingers, fingers, and toes, and its utility, particularly in criminology.

2. PangramA phrase or sentence containing all 26 letters of the alphabet (ideally repeating as few letters as attainable). Chances are you’ll keep in mind this one from typing class: “The fast brown fox jumped over the lazy sleeping canine,” however Willard Espy got here up with a shorter and extra attention-grabbing one: “Bawds jog, flick quartz, vex nymphs.” An abundance of pangrams, utilizing some very obscure phrases or initials will be discovered right here.

3. PalindromeA phrase, sentence, or longer written work that reads the identical backwards. Instance: A declaration facetiously attributed to Napoleon, “Ready was I ere I noticed Elba.” Bizarre Al Yankovic’s music “Bob” spoofs Bob Dylan’s “Subterranean Homesick Blues” utilizing a slew of palindromes. Want extra palindromes? Discover an enormous stash right here.

4. SemordnilapA phrase or identify that spells a distinct phrase backwards (discover what semordnilap spells backwards). Semordnilaps (coined by Martin Gardner in 1961) are often known as backronyms, volvograms, heteropalindromes, semi-palindromes, half-palindromes, reversgrams, mynoretehs, recurrent palindromes, reversible anagrams, phrase reversals, or anadromes. (Do you get the sensation that followers of phrase play like to make up phrases?) Here is a semordnilap dieters can relate to: Harassed is desserts backwards.

5. Kangaroo phrase or marsupialThis refers to a phrase carrying one other phrase inside it (with out transposing any letters). Instance: encourage incorporates braveness, cog, cur, urge, core, treatment, nag, rag, age, nor, rage and enrage. Ouch! That mama roo goes to wish a pouchlift after carrying round that brood!

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6. LipogramA written work composed of phrases chosen to keep away from using a number of letters. Chances are you’ll hail F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Gatsby as nice, however in 1939 Ernest Vincent Wright produced the exceptional Gadsby: A Story of Over 50,000 Phrases With out Utilizing the letter “E,” a scarcely plausible achievement contemplating that “E” is the most typical letter in English. Think about a complete novel with out he, she, the, or the previous tense marker —ed.

7. RebusA illustration of phrases with photos, letter names, or symbols that recommend the sound of the phrases. Rebus has been utilized in English since 1605, when William Camden wrote, “They which lackt wit to expresse their conceit in speech, did vse to depaint it out… in photos, which they referred to as Rebus.” Common in autograph books and on vainness license plates, rebuses embody such classics as:

YYUR; YYUB. ICUR YY4meNE1410S4 A _ I 8 0

(The options are under.)

8. TautonymDavid Grambs makes use of this time period for a phrase or identify made up of two equivalent elements, similar to so-so, tom-tom or Pago Pago.

9. AnagramA phrase or phrase shaped by rearranging the letters of one other phrase or phrase. The English phrase anagram goes again to 1589. Grambs makes use of the phrase transposal on this common sense, and anagram extra narrowly to imply a transposal of letters leading to synonymous time period. Others name these significantly apt anagrams “aptigrams.” For instance: Villainousness is an anagram of “an evil soul’s sin.”

10. AntigramThe other of an aptigram, these phrases or phrases type antonyms when rearranged. Examples: violence — good, love; funeral — actual enjoyable.

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11. AmbigramA time period coined by John Langdon for phrases made to look the identical when inverted with the assistance of calligraphy. Willard Espy calls a phrase that appears the identical the other way up an invertogram and Schaaf calls a quantity like that strobogrammatic. Examples: NOON, SWIMS, SIS; 1881, 1961, 91016.

Rebus options:Too sensible you might be; too sensible you be. I see you might be too sensible for me.Anybody for tennis?For a protracted interval I ate subsequent to nothing.

Sources: Borgmann, Dmitri A. Language on Trip: An Olio of Orthographic Oddities, 1965. Espy, Willard. The Phrase’s Gotten Out, 1989. Grambs, David. Phrases About Phrases, 1984. Langdon, John. Wordplay: Reflections on the Artwork of Ambigrams, 1992. Schaaf, William Leonard. A Bibliography of Leisure Arithmetic, v. 4, 1978.

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