what is metronidazole used for dogs

what is metronidazole used for dogs

What’s metronidazole?

Metronidazole (model title Flagyl®) is an antibacterial and antiprotozoal agent used within the remedy of sure anaerobic bacterial and protozoal infections, reminiscent of these brought on by Giardia and Trichomonas. It’s typically used to deal with diarrhea and different intestinal issues.

The usage of metronidazole to deal with Giardia infections and most different infections in canines and cats is off label or extra-label. Many medication are generally prescribed for off label use in veterinary medication. In these situations, comply with your veterinarian’s instructions and cautions very fastidiously.

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How is metronidazole given?

Metronidazole is offered as a capsule, pill, and liquid suspension. It might even be compounded (made) right into a formulation (referred to as metronidazole benzoate) that tastes much less bitter and is simpler to manage to cats. An injectable type can be obtainable that your veterinarian will administer at your veterinary hospital.

Metronidazole ought to be given by mouth with meals. Liquid kinds should be shaken properly earlier than use. Metronidazole may be very bitter, so take care to not crush these tablets as it will likely be tough to manage to your pet.

Observe the dosing directions supplied by your veterinarian.

If in case you have problem administering the medicine, contact your veterinary clinic for recommendation.

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This medicine ought to take impact inside 1 to 2 hours, and whereas results is probably not visibly seen instantly, however gradual enhancements are often noticable after a number of days.

What if I miss giving my pet the medicine?

If you happen to miss a dose, give it whenever you keep in mind, however whether it is near the time for the following dose, skip the dose you missed and provides the medicine on the subsequent scheduled time and proceed with the common dosing schedule. By no means give your pet two doses directly or give further doses.

It is extremely necessary to offer the medicine for the size of time your veterinarian has beneficial.

Are there any potential unwanted effects?

Negative effects to metronidazole might embody nausea, vomiting, regurgitation, and drooling.

Metronidazole could cause neurological results together with lack of muscle management or coordination, tremors, seizures, vomiting, eye twitching, and weak point. These results often happen if metronidazole is given at excessive doses or for prolonged durations of time, however they’ll happen with decrease doses as properly. Contact your veterinarian instantly in case you discover any of those indicators together with your pet.

Very not often, metronidazole might trigger a pores and skin dysfunction referred to as cutaneous vasculitis wherein blood vessels develop into infected within the pores and skin. Indicators of this pores and skin dysfunction embody scaling, hair loss, bruising, swelling, and bumps on the pores and skin. Contact your veterinarian in case you discover any of those indicators.

This short-acting medicine ought to cease working inside 24 hours, though results may be longer in pets with liver or kidney illness.

Are there any threat components for this medicine?

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Don’t use metronidazole in pets that:

  • have a recognized hypersensitivity or allergy to it or medication associated to it
  • are nursing
  • are in a weakened situation

Metronidazole ought to be used with warning in pets that:

  • are pregnant
  • have liver problems
  • are puppies or kittens
  • are on blood thinners

Are there any drug interactions I ought to pay attention to?

Sure medication might work together with metronidazole together with sure chemotherapy medication, and gastroprotectants (cimetidine), cyclosporine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, and warafarin. Your veterinarian will weigh the potential dangers of metronidazole in case your pet is taking these medicines. It is very important inform your veterinarian about any medicines (together with nutritional vitamins, dietary supplements, or natural therapies) that your pet is taking.

Pregnant girls mustn’t deal with this drug or ought to put on disposable gloves when dealing with it or giving doses. It is very important keep away from inhaling any mud from cut up or crushed tablets. Any publicity to powders or liquids ought to be instantly rinsed from pores and skin or eyes.

Is there any monitoring that must be carried out with this medicine?

Monitor to make sure that the medicine is working and monitor for opposed results.

How do I retailer metronidazole?

Metronidazole tablets and capsules ought to be saved in a tightly sealed container, shielded from gentle, and at temperatures beneath 30°C (86°F). Liquid formulations ought to be saved within the fridge. In case your veterinarian has made a particular formulation, comply with the storage directions supplied with the product.

What ought to I do in case of emergency?

If you happen to suspect an overdose or an opposed response to the medicine, name your veterinary workplace instantly. If they don’t seem to be obtainable, comply with their instructions in contacting an emergency facility.

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