Ruby is a well-liked, general-purpose programming language. You’ll have heard of it in connection to Ruby on Rails, probably the most fashionable internet improvement frameworks in any programming language. Though a lot of Ruby’s recognition comes from this connection, Ruby has many makes use of, together with internet scraping, static web site era, command-line instruments, automation, DevOps, and knowledge processing.
On this article, we’ll check out how Ruby got here to be and what makes it distinctive amongst programming languages.
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What makes Ruby totally different?
Ruby is usually known as a “language of cautious stability.” It was launched in 1995 by Yukihiro Matsumoto. Matsumoto had in-depth data of a number of programming languages, together with Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp. He created Ruby to mix what he thought have been the very best options of those programming languages.
Ruby is a really versatile programming language that permits builders to change how the language itself works. You possibly can add performance to core language options and even take away them for those who want. Ruby can be a extremely moveable, cross-platform language. Code you write on one working system will run on Linux, Mac OSX, and Home windows. It would even run in UNIX, DOS, BeOS, OS/2, and extra.
What’s Ruby used for?
Ruby builders actually love the language and have discovered many makes use of for it through the years. Take a look at a few of the locations Ruby is used within the listing under.
Internet improvement is one in all Ruby’s claims to fame due to the favored internet improvement framework Ruby on Rails. Ruby on Rails was first launched in 2005, and it modified how internet improvement was achieved. Earlier than frameworks like Ruby on Rails, builders had to spend so much extra time writing code to create an internet utility.
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Ruby on Rails provides internet builders every little thing they should construct an internet utility. Rails makes use of conventions that outline the construction of each Rails app, so builders can spend much less time configuring their tasks. It has code mills that may generate components of your utility with a easy command, so builders write much less code.
The speedy improvement that Ruby on Rails makes doable additionally made it a well-liked selection for startups as a result of it allowed a small staff of builders to construct massive purposes shortly. Some websites you could have heard of that use Ruby on Rails embrace Github, Shopify, Kickstarter, Twitch, Instacart, Zendesk, SoundCloud, newurbanhabitat.com, Hulu, and Sq..
Static web site era
Most web sites use server-side code that generates HTML and serves it to your browser once you go to a web page. There isn’t any precise HTML file situated on the URL you visited.
A static web site generator nonetheless makes use of code, but it surely generates all of the pages for an internet site at one time. These pages are then deployed to a server, and once you go to a URL, you might be served a static HTML file. Web pages constructed with static web site mills are quick, environment friendly, safe, and straightforward to deploy. They’re additionally helpful for websites the place content material would not change regularly.
Written in Ruby, Jekyll was the primary static web site generator and remains to be the preferred. Github’s founder, Tom Preston-Werner, created Jekyll and made it the default solution to publish content material on Github. The recognition of Jekyll took off after that, and lots of different programmers adopted with their very own static web site mills in a large number of programming languages.
DevOps and automation
Ruby is broadly used for DevOps, automation, and web site deployment. Heroku is a well-liked internet app deployment platform that makes launching apps fast and straightforward, even for customers who’re unfamiliar with DevOps. Startups flocked to Heroku when it was first launched as a result of it allowed small groups to check, deploy, and stage their purposes and not using a devoted DevOps engineer. Now Heroku helps a number of languages, however initially it solely supported Ruby.
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Vagrant is a instrument for managing digital machines from command line. It permits builders to code and run tasks developed for a particular working system run on any working system. For instance, a developer can construct providers made to run on Linux on their Mac or Home windows laptop computer and make sure that it’ll run appropriately when deployed. Vagrant is written in Ruby, and Vagrant improvement environments have to be configured with Ruby.
Chef and Puppet are instruments that DevOps engineers use to automate and handle the configuration of internet purposes and servers. Utilizing Chef or Puppet, engineers can outline utility environments with a easy configuration file after which use that configuration to launch cases of the applying with none guide steps on any platform.
You may as well use Ruby to construct internet servers. Passenger, Unicorn, and Puma are internet servers written in Ruby. They course of uncooked incoming HTTP requests, ship them to right backend internet purposes, after which deal with the HTTP response despatched again from the applying. Ruby internet utility servers work hand in hand with internet improvement frameworks written in Ruby.
Ruby can be a terrific language for knowledge processing, cleansing, and filtering. Ruby’s built-in map, scale back, and choose capabilities are highly effective instruments used to unravel many knowledge processing issues.
Internet scraping and crawling
Ruby has all kinds of packages obtainable that make extracting knowledge from internet pages a breeze. Ruby libraries like Vessel are used to crawl and obtain internet pages. Nokogiri, one other fashionable Ruby library, is then used to parse the HTML from the pages which have been crawled to extract particular components of the web page in a structured solution to make it useable for knowledge evaluation.
Get began with Ruby
Ruby is a well-liked, versatile programming language that’s in excessive demand within the market. It may be used for internet improvement, scripting, knowledge processing, DevOps, static web site era, and extra.
For those who assume Ruby is the programming language for you, a great place to begin is with the Be taught Ruby course. It would train you the basics of programming in Ruby. To be taught probably the most fashionable internet improvement frameworks and start constructing your individual internet purposes, try the Ruby tutorial Be taught Ruby on Rails. If you wish to take your Rails schooling even additional, we even have Be taught Authentication with Ruby on Rails.
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