what is the chief executive of a state called

what is the chief executive of a state called

State Government Workplaces Governor • Lt. Governor • Secretary of State • Lawyer Common • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Faculties • Insurance coverage Commissioner • Controller • Agriculture Commissioner • Pure Assets Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commissioner • State Board of Equalization • Public Utilities Commissioner • Industrial Fee Director • State Mine Inspector • Division of Income Commissioner • Commissioner of Power and Environmental Safety • Chief Monetary Officer • Director of the Division of Financial Alternative • Director of Commerce and Shopper Affairs • State Examiner • Governor’s Council • Transportation Fee • Government Director of Employment Safety • Commissioner of Administration and Funds • Tax Commissioner • Board of Elections Elections by 12 months 2022 • 2021 • 2020 • 2019 • 2018 • 20172016 • 2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011

State government workplaces symbolize a state’s government department, charged with implementing and imposing the legal guidelines made by state legislatures. The governor is the chief government of a state’s authorities, and different government officers ordinarily report back to her or him.

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Many government workplaces, particularly outstanding ones like lawyer normal and secretary of state, are established in a state’s structure, which offers the premise for his or her authority and an outline of their duties. Different workplaces generally included in a state’s structure are treasurer and superintendent of faculties. Different government officers are established by statute reasonably than the state structure. Such workplaces usually embody auditor, agriculture commissioner, pure assets commissioner, insurance coverage commissioner and others.

Government officers are ordinarily both elected or appointed by the governor. In some instances, officers are chosen by the state legislature or supreme courtroom.

State workplace options

See additionally: Chart of state government officers

There are an estimated 13 state government workplaces in the US. Nonetheless, not all workplaces exist throughout all states. Of the 13 workplaces, seven seem in all 50 states, together with: governor, lawyer normal, superintendent of faculties, insurance coverage commissioner, agriculture commissioner, labor commissioner and public service commissioner.

Others, nevertheless, range from state-to-state.

Political social gathering breakdown

The chart under is a breakdown of the political social gathering panorama of the US’ 13 distinct state executives workplaces.

Workplace Democratic Party Democratic Republican Party Republican Grey.png Impartial Nonpartisan Whole seats Governor 23 27 0 0 50 Lt. Governor 20 24 0 0 45 Lawyer Common 25 26 0 0 50 Secretary of State 20 25 1 1 47 Treasurer 15 21 0 12 48 Controller 6 4 0 9 19 Auditor 10 13 0 9 33 Superintendent of Faculties 2 6 0 42 50 Insurance coverage Commissioner 3 8 0 37 50 Agriculture Commissioner 1 11 0 38 50 Pure Assets Commissioner 2 3 0 43 48 Labor Commissioner 0981830117 Public Service Commissioner 12 36 0981830117 Whole 139 (18.6%) 198 (26.4%) 1 (0.1%) 297 (39.7%) 749 Present as of October 2021

Seat totals for every workplace could not match up with partisan totals because of present vacancies.

Elections

2022

See additionally: State government official elections, 2022

State government workplaces up for election in 2022 embody 36 gubernatorial seats, 30 lieutenant gubernatorial seats, 30 lawyer normal seats, and 26 secretary of state seats. Together with down-ballot races, there are 229 state government workplaces up for election throughout 43 states in 2022.

2021

See additionally: State government official elections, 2021

State government workplaces up for election in 2021 embody gubernatorial seats, lieutenant gubernatorial seats, and an lawyer normal seat. Together with down-ballot races, there are seven state government workplaces up for election throughout 4 states in 2021.

Moreover, California held a recall election for Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) on September 14, 2021.

2020

See additionally: State government official elections, 2020

State government workplaces up for election in 2020 included 11 gubernatorial seats, 9 lieutenant gubernatorial seats, 10 lawyer normal seats, and 7 secretary of state seats. Together with down-ballot races, there have been 170 state government workplaces up for election throughout 29 states in 2020.

2019

See additionally: State government official elections, 2019

Three states held state government elections in 2019, with a complete of 23 seats up for election. The overall election in Kentucky and Mississippi occurred on November 5, 2019, whereas Louisiana held its normal election on November 16.

2018

See additionally: State government official elections, 2018

Forty-three states held state government elections in 2018, with a complete of 303 seats up for election. The overall election occurred on November 6, 2018, with primaries held on various dates all year long.

2017

See additionally: State government official elections, 2017

4 states held state government elections in 2017, with a complete of eight seats up for election. The overall election in New Jersey and Virginia occurred on November 7, 2017, whereas Wisconsin held its normal election on April 4 and Louisiana had its election on November 18.

2016

See additionally: State government official elections, 2016

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Twenty-three states held state government elections in 2016, with a complete of 93 seats up for election. The overall election occurred on November 8, 2016, with primaries held on various dates all year long. As a substitute of a normal election, Louisiana held a main election on November 8, 2016, with a runoff election scheduled for December 10, 2016, for races wherein no candidate earned at the very least 50 p.c of the first vote.

2015

See additionally: State government official elections, 2015

Three states held state government elections in 2015. A complete of 25 state government seats had been up for election. The overall election in Kentucky and Mississippi occurred on November 3, 2015, with primaries held on various dates all year long. Louisiana’s main occurred on October 24, 2015, and a runoff election was held on November 21, 2015, for races wherein no candidate earned at the very least 50 p.c of the first vote.

2014

See additionally: State government official elections, 2014

Forty-three states held state government elections in 2014. A complete of 225 state government seats had been up for election. The overall election was held on November 4, 2014, with primaries held on various dates earlier within the 12 months.

2013

See additionally: State government official elections, 2013

Wisconsin held an election for State Superintendent of Public Instruction on April 2, 2013. Two different states, New Jersey and Virginia, held state government elections in 2013. A complete of 5 state government seats had been up for election. The overall election occurred on November 5, 2013.

2012

See additionally: State government official elections, 2012

Twenty-two states held state government elections in 2012. A complete of 37 state government seats and 46 down poll seats had been up for election. The overall election in most states was held on November 6, 2012. Major elections, nevertheless various from state to state. (Primary article: State government official elections, 2012)

2011

See additionally: State government official elections, 2011

4 states held government official elections in 2011. A complete of 13 state government seats and 13 down poll seats had been up for election. Positions included gubernatorial workplaces in 4 states and state commissioners in three states. The overall election in most states was held on November 8, 2011. Major elections, nevertheless various from state to state and occurred in Could, August and October. (Primary article: State government official elections, 2011)

Widespread state government workplaces

Click on on every tab for a short description and hyperlinks to office-specific overviews.

Governor See additionally: Governor

The Governor is the chief government of a state and place established by all 50 state constitutions. In each state, the governor is a popularly elected workplace. New Hampshire and Vermont elect a governor each two years; all different states maintain gubernatorial elections each 4 years. By many state constitutions, the governor is the chief officer in whom the chief energy of the state is formally and legally vested. The authorized and sensible extent of governors’ powers varies considerably throughout states; Hawaii and Maryland have notably highly effective governors, whereas the Governor of Texas is a remarkably weaker workplace.

The governor is chargeable for implementing the legal guidelines created by state legislatures and the rulings of state courts. She or he oversees particular person state government departments and different state government officers, together with the lawyer normal, secretary of state, and others. The governor is the commander-in-chief of the state’s Nationwide Guard and should deploy it throughout a state of emergency. Just like the president of the US, governors historically have the facility to pardon criminals or commute their sentences.

Governors additionally often have substantial emergency powers, akin to convening extraordinary legislative periods, declaring a state of emergency and formally asking the federal authorities for help, spending funds put aside for emergencies, and relocating the seat of presidency if wanted. Lots of a governor’s strongest powers require the recommendation and consent of the state Senate earlier than they might be deployed. Underneath sure circumstances, some states permit their governors to make recess appointments and challenge government orders throughout legislative recesses that can stand till the legislature reconvenes.

In some states, the governor has appreciable energy to nominate judges and inferior government officers and to make emptiness appointments for some other government workplace that turns into vacant. Governors will even usually push state legislatures to enact their coverage priorities; usually, they’re constitutionally required to current an annual handle to the legislature outlining coverage priorities and suggestions and to submit a finances for legislative consideration.

All governors have the facility to veto payments handed by the state legislature, and in six states (Indiana, New Hampshire, Vermont, Nevada, North Carolina and Rhode Island) the governor could use a line-item veto to strike sure components of a invoice with out rejecting it wholesale.[1]

Lieutenant Governor See additionally: Lieutenant Governor

The Lieutenant Governor exists in 45 states and is an elected place in 43 of these states. The lieutenant governors of Tennessee and West Virginia are chosen by the state legislature, with no matter Senator is elected President Professional Tem routinely additionally changing into the lieutenant governor. Within the 5 states with no lieutenant governor (Arizona, Maine, New Hampshire, Oregon, and Wyoming), one other government officer serves because the ex officio lieutenant governor.

The first duty of the lieutenant governor is to exchange the governor in case of dying, incapacity or different lack of ability to train workplace. Only a few state constitutions set out particular duties for the lieutenant governor past serving because the governor’s second-in-command; as an illustration, Maryland’s Structure particularly says the lieutenant governor shall have solely the powers the governor chooses to delegate whereas New Jersey, the state with America’s youngest lieutenant governorship, stipulates that the lieutenant governor be positioned in command of at the very least one government company, however leaves it as much as the governor to decide on. It’s common for a selected lieutenant governor’s portfolio to mirror his or her private areas of experience, the present wants of the state, and the priorities of the gubernatorial administration.

Greater than half of lieutenant governors additionally function president of their state’s Senate. Other than casting a tie-breaking vote, nevertheless, they don’t have a vote within the chamber or operate because the day-to-day head of the Senate, a place that as a substitute belongs to the President Professional Tem. Lieutenant governors do, nevertheless, often operate as a liaison between the governor and the legislature. In some instances, lieutenant governors serve on gubernatorial cupboards, promote their very own legislative priorities, or carry another portfolio of delegated duties.

The lieutenant governor can also be usually included on state boards, commissions, and process forces, giving her or him extra government tasks. In these states with no lieutenant governor, the duty of succeeding the governor often falls to the secretary of state or to the Senate president.[2]

Secretary of State See additionally: Secretary of State

The Secretary of State exists in 47 states; it’s an elected place in 34 states, appointed by the governor in 9 states, and by the legislature within the remaining three. The secretary of state is often the place subsequent in seniority after the governor and the lieutenant governor.

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The duties of secretaries of state, extra so than some other government workplace, range extensively throughout states. Nonetheless, there are a variety of duties that secretaries of state in most states fulfill: oversee elections (in 39 states), enterprise registration and licensing, trademark and commerce title registration report retaining for the state, fee notaries public, make sure the state’s compliance with the Uniform Industrial Code and associated authorities administrative duties. Some additionally deal with motorized vehicle registration, securities regulation and monitor charitable giving and lobbyists. Secretaries of state additionally typically oversee the operation of varied state authorities establishments, from museums and libraries to the grounds of state capitols.

A report by the Nationwide Affiliation of Secretaries of State means that secretaries’ future tasks may vary to election reform, digitization of presidency data for public entry, and elevated exercise in worldwide commerce and cultural change.[3]

Lawyer Common See additionally: Lawyer Common

The Lawyer Common exists in all 50 states. The place is often popularly elected; nevertheless there are 5 states the place the workplace is appointed by the governor, the legislature, or the supreme courtroom. Attorneys normal function the chief legislation enforcement official and infrequently head the state’s Division of Justice. They function as authorized advisors to state companies or officers and symbolize the state in lawsuits. Apart from personally prosecuting high-profile felony instances, attorneys normal usually function process forces to prosecute particular varieties of crime inside the state. This places workplace of lawyer normal, in accordance with the Nationwide Affiliation of Attorneys Common, on the intersection of “legislation and public coverage.”[4] As well as, attorneys normal usually have the facility to institute civil fits, defend or problem the constitutionality of state authorities actions, revoke company charters and implement antitrust and open conferences legal guidelines.[4] Along with the same old age, residency, and citizenship necessities for government officers, attorneys normal are often required to be practicising attorneys admitted to the state bar.

Treasurer See additionally: Treasurer

The Treasurer exists in all states, although not solely underneath that title, and is the best rating monetary workplace in these states. In 37 states, the place is elected, and within the the rest it’s both appointed or, within the case of Tennessee, appointed by the legislature. Most frequently, the treasurer is the state’s banker, receiving all tax revenues, charges and different receipts and disbursing monies to pay the state’s money owed primarily based on warrants from the controller’s workplace. The treasurer can also be usually chargeable for managing the state’s investments, working the state’s unclaimed property fund, formally issuing state bonds and supervising certified tuition applications. Generally, the treasurer’s workplace administers the state’s pension fund, its payroll, or manages the state’s catastrophe preparation.[5]

Controller See additionally: Controller

Controller/Comptroller is a state-level place in 19 states; the workplace is popularly elected in 9. In one other 9 states, the controller is appointed by the governor, whereas in Tennessee the facility of appointment is given to the state Legislature. Controllers usually share duties just like state treasurers, exercising various powers associated to budgetary and administration issues. The controller’s duties can embody performing as a state’s chief accountant, monitoring flows out and in of the state treasury and authorizing disbursements. The workplace may additionally be chargeable for auditing the state’s monetary statements the place the workplace of state auditor doesn’t exist.

Auditor See additionally: Auditor

The Auditor exists as a statewide place in 44 states. A complete of 28 states specify an auditor’s place of their Constitutions; of those, 20 are elected and eight are appointed. Auditors serve a ‘watchdog’ operate, finishing up audits and investigations of different state companies. Auditors are additionally often the officers who deal with considerations of fraud and waste introduced ahead by residents.

Superintendent of Faculties See additionally: Superintendent of Faculties

The Superintendent of Faculties oversees main and secondary public training inside a state. They often sit on the state’s Board of Training as a non-voting chair. The place exists in all 50 states, being elected in 14 states and appointed in 36 states.

Along with the age, residency, and citizenship necessities widespread to government workplaces, the Superintendent is commonly required to have additional {qualifications} within the discipline of training, usually a doctoral diploma within the discipline and/or a sure numbers of years as a faculty administrator.

Larger training is ruled by a Board of Regents, which isn’t generally a Constitutional workplace and whose members are usually not often handled as a part of the Government.

Agriculture Commissioner See additionally: Agriculture Commissioner

Although each state has an Agriculture Commissioner, it’s only an elected place in 12 states, virtually all of them within the Outdated South. Within the different 38 states, the place is a gubernatorial appointment. Their normal function is regulation of varied sides of the agriculture trade in addition to promotion of state agribusiness.

Insurance coverage Commissioner See additionally: Insurance coverage Commissioner

The Insurance coverage Commissioner is a state-level place in all 50 states. Their normal function is as a client safety advocate and insurance coverage regulator.

Labor Commissioner See additionally: Labor Commissioner

All 50 states have a Labor Commissioner; it’s a gubernatorial appointment in 46 states. Solely in Georgia, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Oregon is the place elected.

Pure Assets Commissioner See additionally: Pure Assets Commissioner

The Pure Assets Commissioner is a state-level place in all states excluding Wyoming. Their normal function is sustaining, defending, and regulating pure assets, together with state parks, forests and recreation areas.

Public Service Commissioner See additionally: Public Service Commissioner

The Public Service Commissioner exists in all 50 states and is a gubernatorial appointment in 39 states, a legislative appointment in a single state, and popularly elected in solely ten states. Their normal function is regulation of important utility companies akin to vitality, telecommunications, and water.

See additionally

  • Chart of state government officers
  • State Government Officers

Footnotes

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