what is the difference between an autobiography and a biography

what is the difference between an autobiography and a biography

The three main codecs used to inform a life story are a biography, an autobiography, and a memoir. Distinguishing between the three can really feel a bit complicated since all of them share a number of similarities. However there are some distinct variations.

Merely put, a biography is the life historical past of a person, written by another person. An autobiography is the story of an individual’s life, written by that particular person. And a memoir is a group of recollections written by the particular person themselves.

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Tell a life story

What’s a Biography?

A biography, additionally known as a bio, is a non-fiction piece of labor giving an goal account of an individual’s life. The primary distinction between a biography vs. an autobiography is that the writer of a biography shouldn’t be the topic.

Biographies embrace particulars of key occasions that formed the topic’s life, and details about their birthplace, training, work, and relationships. Biographers use various analysis sources, together with interviews, letters, diaries, pictures, essays, reference books, and newspapers. Whereas a biography is normally within the written kind, it may be produced in different codecs resembling music composition or movie.

Examples of well-known biographies embrace:

  • His Excellency: George Washington by Joseph J. Ellis
  • Einstein: The Life and Occasions by Ronald William Clark
  • Princess Diana – A Biography of The Princess of Wales by Drew L. Crichton

What’s an Autobiography?

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An autobiography is the story of an individual’s life written by that particular person. As a result of the writer can also be the principle character of the story, autobiographies are written within the first particular person.

The aim of an autobiography is to painting the life experiences and achievements of the writer. Due to this fact, most autobiographies are written later within the topic’s life.

They typically start throughout early childhood and chronologically element key occasions all through their life. Autobiographies normally embrace details about the place an individual was born and introduced up, their training, profession, life experiences, the challenges they confronted, and their key achievements.

Include photos in your autobiography

One of many essential variations between an autobiography vs. a biography is that autobiographies are typically extra subjective. That’s as a result of they’re written by the topic, and current the info based mostly on their very own recollections of a particular state of affairs, which might be biased.

Examples of well-known autobiographies embrace:

  • The Story of My Life by Helen Keller
  • The Diary of a Younger Lady by Anne Frank
  • Dropping My Virginity by Richard Branson

What’s a Memoir?

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Memoir comes from the French phrase mémoire, that means reminiscence or memory. Much like an autobiography, a memoir is the story of an individual’s life written by that particular person.

The distinction between a memoir vs. an autobiography is {that a} memoir focuses on reflection and establishing an emotional connection, relatively than merely presenting the info round their life. The writer makes use of their private information to inform an intimate and emotional story in regards to the personal or public happenings of their life. The subject is deliberately targeted and doesn’t embrace biographical or chronological features of the writer’s life except they’re significant and related to the story.

Examples of well-known memoirs embrace:

  • Angela’s Ashes by Frank McCourt
  • I Know Why the Caged Hen Sings by Maya Angelou
  • Private Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant by Ulysses S. Grant

A collection of letters and postcards

Autobiography vs. Biography vs. Memoir Comparability Chart

Biography Autobiography Memoir An account of an individual’s life An account of 1’s personal life A private account of a particular time or expertise Written within the third particular person Written within the first particular person Written within the first particular person Goal Subjective Subjective Presents info collected from the topic, their acquaintances, or from different sources Presents info as they had been skilled by the particular person Presents info as they had been skilled by the particular person Written to tell and set up a context Written to tell and clarify the motivation and ideas behind actions and choices Written to mirror on and discover the emotion of an expertise Has restricted entry to the topic’s ideas and emotions Gives entry to private ideas and emotions Gives entry to private ideas, emotions, reactions, and reflections Will be written anytime Normally written later in life Will be written anytime

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