what is the difference between an element and a compound

what is the difference between an element and a compound

Distinction Between Parts and Compounds


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The matter is distinguished into three primary classes: compound, mixtures, and parts. Right here we are going to give attention to the variations between parts and compounds.


Parts are outlined as a gaggle of atoms that comprise an identical variety of protons within the nucleus of their atoms. It’s a substance that’s product of atoms that encompass the identical variety of protons of their nucleus. These parts are pure of their nature. A pure factor is one which has the identical atomic quantity or the same variety of protons in its nucleus. Until now a complete of 118 parts have been found and they’re positioned in a periodic desk in line with their atomic numbers.

Forms of Parts

Parts are primarily divided into three varieties: Metals, non-metals, and metalloids.

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Metals: The utmost variety of parts in a periodic desk are metals. These metals additional embrace alkaline metals, transition metals, alkaline earth metals, and so forth. Metals are positioned on the left facet of the periodic desk.

Non-metals: Non-metals are located on the proper facet of the periodic desk and are only a few in quantity. Noble gases and halogens are additionally included below non-metals.

Metalloids: These are these parts whose properties lie between nonmetals and metals. They’re additionally referred to as semimetals. On the periodic desk, they’re often coloured yellow and canopy a staircase-like construction.

Examples of parts are hydrogen, iron, aluminum, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon, silicon, boron, sodium, and so forth.


Compounds are outlined as substances which might be fashioned when two or extra parts combine chemically, protecting the ratio of mass fixed. It incorporates two or extra parts and varied sorts of parts that happen in a relentless ratio of atoms. The person properties of parts diminish after they combine whereas new traits are fashioned of the brand new product.

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Chemical Components: Chemical method is the symbolic illustration of the compounds. It exhibits the proportion of atoms which might be contained in a compound.

The chemical method for regular salt is NaCl whereas the one for water is H2O. H2O of water represents that one molecule of water incorporates two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen. Equally, the chemical method of salt ‘NaCl’ represents that one atom of sodium and one atom of chlorine is current in a molecule of sodium chloride.

Forms of Compounds

Compounds are primarily categorized into two subtypes: salts and molecular compounds.

  • Molecular Compounds – In these compounds, the atoms bind one another by covalent bonding.
  • Salts – The atoms in salt are certain collectively by ionic bondings.

Examples of compounds are as follows: salt, methane, nitrous oxide, ammonia, water, and so forth.

Distinction between Parts and Compounds

ELEMENTS COMPOUNDS Parts are substances which might be pure of their nature and are composed of a single atom. Compounds are additionally pure substances which might be composed of parts in particular proportions. Until now 118 parts have been found out of which 94 parts are naturally occurring on Earth. Infinite variety of compounds might be fashioned. There isn’t any absolute quantity. Parts might be categorized as metals, metalloids, and nonmetals. Compounds are divided into three classes: Metallic, ionic, and molecular. Parts are the one atoms. Therefore they can’t be damaged down. Compounds might be damaged down utilizing chemical reactions. They’re represented utilizing numbers and symbols. They’re represented utilizing chemical formulation. Examples: hydrogen, oxygen, copper, boron and so forth. Instance: water, ammonia, sodium chloride.

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