what is the difference between css and html

what is the difference between css and html

Have you ever ever puzzled after seeing awesome-looking web sites of varied organizations, how they’re made? How do these buttons, types, hyperlinks, and so forth work? Ever tried to make comparable web sites of your personal. I assume sure, that’s why you might be right here to search out what is definitely the distinction between HTML and CSS. Sure, HTML and CSS is a means by which you’ll be able to create superior wanting web sites by yourself. Each HTML and CSS go hand-in-hand in constructing or creating an online web page of any web site, however each of them serve a really totally different and distinctive function.

Every little thing you see on any web site is the magic of front-end improvement and the individual concerned in front-end improvement is known as a front-end developer. A front-end developer is a software program developer who designs superior net pages via HTML and CSS. If you happen to open a web site of any group, you’ll be able to see the work of a front-end developer within the navigation, layouts, and in the best way {that a} website seems totally different in your telephone, tablets, laptop computer, or PC (responsiveness), and every little thing that you may see.

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HTML and CSS are the elemental blocks of any web site. So, in the event you’re pondering of turning into an online developer you will need to have information of those two languages. However, Having nice information will not be sufficient. You have to pay attention to the principle variations between HTML and CSS. On this article, we’re going to focus on HTML and CSS. What are the parameters that differentiate each of them? What are the options of HTML and CSS? And in addition, how we will use them to create wonderful net pages. We’re going to take a look at some instance code as properly. So, let’s get began.

HTML and CSS

Desk Of Contentsshow

  • What’s HTML?
    • Options of HTML
  • What’s CSS?
    • Options of CSS
  • Distinction between HTML and CSS
  • Conclusion
  • Regularly Requested Questions
  • Takeaway

What’s HTML?

Hyper-Textual content-Markup-Language (aka HTML) is a markup language that’s used to outline the essential construction of any web site. The fundamental construction consists of the header, physique (major content material), and footer of the web site. And, what’s a markup language? Any language that’s understood by the browser and which tells the browser easy methods to render the info is called a markup language.

HTML is the most well-liked markup language on the market.

HTML is used for outlining the construction of all of the content material of an online web page or a group of net pages (web site). Now, HTML is all about tags! Tag is probably the most primary unit of an HTML webpage. HTML incorporates a number of tags for various particular functions. These tags present show info to the browser, which means every tag has predefined show info, e.g. <a> tag defines hyperlink which is used to navigate to different net pages. Have you ever ever considered what number of tags HTML has in complete? HTML has 132 tags in complete and also you don’t want to recollect all of them. It incorporates tags like headings tag(H1, H2, …., H6), anchor tag(offers hyperlink), paragraph tag, font styling tags, picture tag, and so forth. Now, let’s take a look at one primary instance of an HTML webpage.

index.html

<html> <head> <title>InterviewBit</title> </head> <physique> <h1>My First Net Web page<h1> <h2>I’m heading 2</h2> <h3>I’m heading 3</h3> <!- Remark: Under is my paragraph -> <p>Hey, there I’m a paragraph </p> </physique> </html>

Output

Clarification

  • The html tag is the basis tag from the place the doc begins.
  • The top tag is used to comprise metadata (it means details about different information).
  • The physique tag incorporates the precise content material that must be displayed on the browser.
  • Contained in the physique tag, we will use any tag from the record of html normal tags.
  • The h1, h2, and h3 tags are heading tags of various font sizes.
  • The p tag is our paragraph tag.

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The next picture reveals the tree like construction of the above HTML code. <html> tag is the basis component after which we’ve got two youngster components <head> and <physique>. Contained in the <head> tag we’ve got a <title> tag and inside <physique> tag we’ve got its 4 youngster components as proven within the picture.

HTML Tree Structure
HTML Tree Construction

Options of HTML

  • HTML will not be case-sensitive language, which means <html> is equal to <HTML>.
  • HTML is platform unbiased as a result of we will view it on any working system.
  • HTML follows a tree like construction. Html tag acts as a root component, then head and physique tags act as youngster components of head tag, and so forth.
  • HTML language is simple to grasp and study.
  • HTML tags comprise show info (or render info) that’s helpful to browsers like Chrome, Firefox, and so forth.
  • It facilitates customers so as to add photos, movies, hyper photos to net pages which makes it superior and extra user-friendly.

What’s CSS?

CSS stands for Cascading Model Sheet. It’s a model sheet language used to model the markup language like HTML. If we think about HTML because the skeleton construction of the physique, then CSS is the pores and skin/total look that covers it. CSS means that you can deal with a number of net pages utilizing just one CSS file. CSS facilitates you to change varied properties of HTML components like you’ll be able to modify background shade/picture, alignment to tags utilizing margin, place properties, can present totally different font properties(font-family, font-size, shade, and so forth), or you can also take away current properties of HTML tags (like you’ll be able to convert block components to inline).

One other wonderful property of CSS is its wonderful transitions, which let you change property values easily, over a given period (helpful to enhance feel and appear). CSS additionally facilitates the function of animation, which lets HTML components step by step change from one model to a different. Let’s take a look at one primary instance of CSS.

Model.css

* { background-color: #f7fc70; } h1 { shade: inexperienced; text-decoration: underline; font-family: sans-serif; } h2 { shade: gray; } h3 { shade:blueviolet; } p { font-size: 16px; font-family: Comedian Sans MS; }

Output

CSS Output

Now it seems higher than the earlier one proper? That’s the magic of CSS.

Clarification

  • Asterisk(*) is a common selector, which selects all tags of an HTML doc.
  • The h1, h2, h3, p are tag selectors
  • Inside { } braces, we outline properties for particular tags.
  • The ‘shade’ property is used to alter textual content shade.

Options of CSS

  • By way of CSS we separate the model/design from the content material of the web site, this improves content material readability, accessibility and offers extra flexibility.
  • There are 3 methods so as to add a css file to your html doc. These are: inside, exterior, and inline. This makes CSS extra versatile.
  • Inner CSS: We use inside CSS utilizing the model tag inside the top tag. That is preferable once you wish to add styling to 3 or 4 components.
  • Exterior CSS: Within the above instance, We’ve used exterior css. So as to add an exterior css file we use the <hyperlink> tag within the head tag of the html doc.
  • Inline CSS: That is extra useful as compared with the above two when we have to outline one or two properties to a selected tag (right here we use model attribute inside any tag).
  • CSS offers a number of selectors via which we will entry any component/youngster component/group of components/particular component from an HTML doc.
  • Selectors: Ingredient Selector, ID selector (#), Class selector (.), common (*) selector, and so forth.
  • In CSS, to outline styling we use key worth pairs. Suppose we wish to outline the font-size of all of the h1 headings as 24px which is by default 32px. Then we are going to write one thing like this:

h1 { font-size: 24px; }

Right here h1 is the component selector, font-size is the property(or key), and 24px is the worth.

  • Some primary properties which will be outlined or modified utilizing CSS are listed beneath:
    • Textual content Properties – shade, text-align, text-decoration, text-indent and so forth.
    • Listing Properties – list-style, list-style-type, list-style-image and so forth.
    • Border Properties – border-style, border-top, border-top-color and so forth.
    • Font Properties – font, font-family, font-weight, font-size and so forth.

Distinction between HTML and CSS

HTML vs CSS
HTML vs CSS

Allow us to take a look at some key variations between HTML and CSS.

HTMLCSS

Conclusion

On this article, you had been launched to the 2 hottest net applied sciences HTML and CSS. You’ve discovered about HTML, CSS, and their options. You’ve additionally discovered about why each of them go hand in hand to make superior net pages, and what are the important thing variations between each of them. We additionally noticed respective codes and variations of their outputs.

Regularly Requested Questions

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Can I exploit CSS with out HTML?You may undoubtedly write CSS with out HTML however there’s no level in offering styling to non-existing components. CSS is ineffective with out HTML. In reality, we write CSS particularly for HTML (or for different markup languages) paperwork to supply the model and structure. And make the web site look superior.

Is CSS higher than HTML?Each of them serve a distinct function as we mentioned earlier. They each present totally different functionalities. As HTML is used to construction the content material on web sites. However, CSS offers styling to these web sites by including model properties like font measurement, font household, margin, padding, border, so on and so forth. HTML is just like the skeleton of a human physique and CSS is just like the higher pores and skin to make the skeleton look lovely. We are able to’t evaluate skeleton and pores and skin.

Is HTML a CSS?As I discussed above, we cannot evaluate them. They’re totally different from one another, the place CSS offers styling to HTML components and HTML defines construction.

Distinction between tags and attributes in HTML?Tags outline how the content material can be structured, whereas Attributes are used together with the HTML tags to outline the traits of the component that’s outlined utilizing the tag. Discuss with the beneath picture.

For instance, <a href=”https://www.google.com”>Google</a>, on this the ‘href’ is the attribute utilizing which we offer an URL to the anchor (<a>) tag.

Is CSS or HTML simpler?Comparatively, HTML is simple as a result of there we solely have to jot down tags and we’re finished. However, CSS can also be not too tough, for that we should hold CSS properties and their purposes in our thoughts solely. To improvise your CSS talent it’s preferable to apply a number of small frontend initiatives just like the Net web page for Registration, Touchdown Web page, Private Portfolio web site, School web site, and so forth. After doing the aforementioned venture, you can be assured over the essential constructing blocks of the entrance finish.

What’s the distinction between HTML, CSS, and Javascript?In a single line, I’ll say HTML offers a skeleton-like construction to the web site, CSS offers look, model and structure to the web site, and Javascript helps to make the web site interactive, it offers performance. If we take the analogy of a human being then HTML is the skeleton, CSS is the pores and skin or muscular tissues, and Javascript is the mind.

Is HTML a programming language?No, HTML will not be a programming language as it may possibly’t take selections, iterate, soar to different statements, and so forth as different programming languages do. HTML is a markup language for browser understandability and CSS kinds that markup texts.

Is CSS a programming language?No, CSS will not be a programming language as it may possibly’t take selections, iterate, soar to different statements, and so forth as different programming languages do. CSS simply kinds the markup language textual content.

Why study HTML CSS?HTML and CSS assist us to create superior web sites, the place HTML provides content material to the web site and CSS provides styling and structure to that content material.

Takeaway

In a nutshell, HTML offers the essential construction to any web site and CSS offers the styling to that construction. HTML is just like the skeleton of a human physique and CSS is just like the higher pores and skin to make the skeleton look lovely. Now, the subsequent job for you is to undergo varied tags and their attributes in HTML after which for CSS learn primary properties and their purposes. Make some primary initiatives and have enjoyable! Now, what subsequent? The reply is Javascript, Study Javascript because it makes a web site extra useful and interactive. We are able to add occasions like clicking buttons, validation, and so forth. Bear in mind HTML and CSS creates static pages however utilizing Javascript you can also make it dynamic.

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