what is the difference between greenland and iceland

what is the difference between greenland and iceland

Positive, the names Greenland and Iceland are fairly totally different – err, one says inexperienced and plush and the opposite doesn’t – however really they’ve bought extra in frequent than you would possibly first suppose.

So, what’s the distinction between Greenland and Iceland? Right here’s a fast myth-buster that will help you type out one nation from the opposite.

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Which is better: Greenland or Iceland?
Greenland / Greenland Journey (CC)

Measurement and inhabitants: which is larger and which has extra individuals?

Merely put, Greenland is very large and Iceland isn’t. So let’s take a look on the numbers – at greater than 2 million sq. kilometres, Greenland is twenty instances greater than Iceland, which is roughly the identical dimension as Eire. Each locations have tiny populations, although – Greenland’s is available in at a miniscule 56,000, while Iceland counts round 365,000.

Who owns Greenland?

There’s an necessary distinction between Greenland and Iceland when it comes to sovereignty. Iceland is an impartial nation; Greenland isn’t. Greenland is recognised as a self-governing territory underneath the Danish crown and as such is a part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

Iceland gained full independence from Denmark in 1944, so it’s honest to say that each international locations nonetheless at the moment share robust ties on many ranges with Denmark.

Who owns Greenland?
Greenland / Roderick Eime (CC)

Had been there Vikings in Iceland and Greenland?

Iceland feels basically European if you’re there, and far of its inhabitants is of Viking genetic heritage. Clearly, its wild and untamed landscapes and North Atlantic location don’t precisely make it your typical European nation, however when it comes to familiarity and tradition, it’s most undoubtedly a part of the European household.

Greenland, however, is residence predominantly to individuals of Inuit origin and shares robust cultural and genetic hyperlinks with comparable indigenous teams in neighbouring northern Canada.

True, the Vikings did as soon as dwell in Greenland (they even coined the title) however their settlements mysteriously died out after a number of hundred years and at the moment Inuit, somewhat than Viking or Danish tradition, is what defines Greenland.

Why is Greenland referred to as Greenland?

Surprisingly, Iceland is greener than Greenland and Greenland is icier than Iceland. Legend has it that Greenland was named by Viking settler Erik the Crimson in an try and lure his fellow kinsmen to the island. In the meantime, an early Viking settler on Iceland allegedly noticed a fjord filled with icebergs and the title caught.

Which is greener, Iceland or Greenland?
Greenland / Sarah N (CC)

Mockingly, some scientists suppose that world warming will trigger the names to change into extra apt, as Greenland’s ice sheets soften and Iceland turns into colder on account of the Gulf Stream shifting south.

Which is healthier for a vacation – Greenland or Iceland?

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By way of visiting for a vacation every nation has extremely particular person points of interest but it surely’s extensively accepted that journey in Greenland isn’t solely harder than in Iceland however can be significantly dearer.

Except you depend the handful of streets within the Greenlandic capital, Nuuk, and within the different villages dotted up and down the coast, there aren’t any roads in Greenland – neglect any notion of renting a automobile and driving to your subsequent vacation spot.

As an alternative, all journey is both by ship or by air – neither of which is especially good worth because the skeletal providers that do exist are geared in direction of supplying distant communities somewhat than aiding vacationers to get world wide’s largest island.

Although actually not low cost, journey in Iceland is inexpensive than in Greenland and there are many choices for getting round, together with automobile rental, public buses, ferries and home flights.

Not like Greenland, lodging choices are plentiful and vary from top-of-the-range worldwide motels to stays in cosy B&Bs (you could find some nice locations to remain on newurbanhabitat.com) and personal houses by means of Airbnb.

Iceland is known for its geothermal pools
Iceland / Veronica Bosley (CC)

Eating places, too, notably within the capital, Reykjavík, and in different areas of the nation frequented by guests, are thick on the bottom providing a variety of consuming choices – not like in Greenland. And, in fact, Iceland is residence to a fantastic vary of geothermal swimming pools – excellent for a heat swim, even when the climate is dangerous.

Tourism in Greenland vs Iceland

Tourism is much extra developed in Iceland than in Greenland, with easy accessibility from Europe and the US and motels on seemingly each road nook in Reykjavík.

As well as, there are many well-organized guided excursions and day journeys obtainable, should you don’t fancy renting a automobile: this full-day Golden Circle journey takes in a number of the island’s principal pure and cultural sights, or you may go for an organized glacier hike with an skilled information and all of the gear included.

Is Iceland or Greenland better to visit?
Iceland / Hans Braxmeier (CC)

In contrast, Greenland is dearer, with fewer flights and is far more difficult to journey round. The upside is that it sees considerably fewer vacationers than Iceland and any go to right here is prone to be an altogether extra genuine expertise.

Dwell like an area with a 3-day settlement homestay tour or for a single day journey, take an open boat tour by means of Greenland’s coastal fjords.

Which is healthier for seeing the northern lights? Iceland or Greenland?

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By way of darkish skies and little mild air pollution, Greenland might be a greater wager. On a transparent night time from October to the tip of March, you’re in with an excellent likelihood of seeing the northern lights.

Iceland and Greenland are both good for viewing the northern lights
Pic: Nick Russill (CC)

Nevertheless, if you consider ease of entry and value, Iceland makes a reasonably good vacation spot for northern lights sightings.

The south of Greenland is on an identical latitude to Iceland so the viewing season is about the identical size in each international locations and Iceland has no scarcity of cheap excursions equivalent to this one, run by skilled guides who can take you to the perfect viewing factors and clarify what’s occurring – they’ll even offer you a second tour free if the lights don’t seem first time.

How do you get to Iceland?

Far more accessible than Greenland, Iceland is linked to main European and North American cities by its nationwide service, Icelandair, in addition to a rising variety of no-frills airways equivalent to easyJet and Wizzair.

When you’ve landed, there are vary of choices for getting from Keflavik Airport to the centre of Reykjavik, together with taxi or public bus, however the preferred alternative is the Flybus shuttle that leaves 35-40 minutes after every flight arrival.

How do you get to Greenland?

Though there are plans to increase and construct new airports at strategic places throughout the island, there’s presently just one airport, Kangerlussuaq, with a runway lengthy sufficient to obtain giant jet plane: it’s served by common Air Greenland flights from Copenhagen in Denmark.

Kangerlussuaq airport is 320km northeast of the Greenlandic capital, Nuuk, and the one approach to get from there to Nuuk is by air; Air Greenland runs common home flights between the 2 locations. Nevertheless, each airports are famend for delays as they’re liable to fog and dangerous climate – it isn’t unknown for poor visibility to shut each airports for a number of days at a time.

As well as, Air Iceland Join operates a lot smaller plane from Reykjavík to a lot of Greenland’s regional airstrips, together with Nuuk – although timetables are inconsistent to say the least. There may be presently no air hyperlink between Greenland and Canada or wherever else in North America.

Each Air Iceland Join and Greenland Journey run flight-inclusive packages to Greenland.

See additionally:One of the best boat excursions and cruises from Reykjavik10 of the perfect Airbnbs in IcelandAlternatives to the Blue Lagoon in Iceland

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