what is the difference between nema 6-50 and nema 14-50

what is the difference between nema 6-50 and nema 14-50

Home EV Charging: How to know which plug type is right for you

Bought an electrical automobile (EV) or plan to quickly? In that case, you’ll have already begun your analysis into a house EV charger like Enel X’s JuiceBox. All through this course of, you’ll have come throughout totally different plug varieties, such because the NEMA 14-50 and NEMA 6-50 plug. And now, chances are you’ll marvel what plug choices exist and which sort is your best option. If this case sounds acquainted, learn on to grasp the distinction between plug varieties and how you can know which choice is best for you.

You're reading: what is the difference between nema 6-50 and nema 14-50

Get to Know Your Outlet

First, let’s notice the distinction between the plug and the EV charging connector. The plug connects into your outlet within the wall, whereas the EV charging connector plugs into your automobile.

All through North America, most houses are outfitted with normal 120-volt electrical energy retailers. Whereas many different nations use a 220 or 230-volt system, the U.S. nonetheless depends on the comparatively weak 120-volt system. Why? To make a protracted story brief, the US electrical system predates the remainder of the world. Within the late nineteenth century, Thomas Edison instituted a comparatively low voltage to advertise security and widespread client adoption. The technique labored. Thousands and thousands of American owners bought home equipment and lighting designed to make the most of the decrease voltage. When utilizing most home equipment, we don’t discover the distinction. However when charging electrical autos, a better voltage is preferable.

Whereas it’s potential to plug an EV immediately into the wall through a typical 120-volt outlet, it’s not the perfect choice. That is referred to as Degree 1 or “trickle-charging,” which is an efficient identify for it contemplating that you just’ll solely add about three or 4 miles of vary for each hour plugged into a typical outlet. With the ample measurement of at the moment’s 200-plus mile electrical automobiles, it may take greater than 24 hours to go from empty to full utilizing a typical outlet. That’s why firms like Enel X supply house EV charging station choices just like the JuiceBox 40, which may cost an EV battery from empty to full in just some hours.

Plugging In Your Dwelling EV Charger

Read more: what is the difference between a ipad and a tablet

A house EV charger is the interface between the electrical energy flowing by way of your own home and an electrical automobile’s battery administration and charging system. It must be both hardwired or plugged in utilizing a heavy-duty outlet—much like these used for garments dryers or ovens. 240 volts is the Goldilocks-sized candy spot for an EV’s electrical provide. Amperage, the unit of measure for present, can be essential. In the present day’s commonest plug-in house EV charging setup makes use of a 50 amp, 240-volt outlet to soundly enable for a 40 amp Degree 2 charger, since electrical requirements require a circuit to be equal to 125% of a tool’s steady load. This setup successfully costs at 10 kilowatts – which is the overall energy you get while you multiply the present (40 amps) by the voltage (240 volts) – and properly fits the quantity of energy at the moment’s electrical automobiles generally settle for.

Selecting the best plug kind for you

There are two foremost plug varieties generally used for house EV charging, each standardized and rated by NEMA, the most important commerce affiliation {of electrical} tools producers within the US.

1. NEMA 14-50 Plug

The “50” within the identify stands for the 50-amp most amperage, which is required for a 40 amp house charging station for the protection causes described above. A NEMA 14-50 plug has two “hots,” a floor, and a impartial. Usually, NEMA 14-50 is the beneficial 50- amp  plug, as it’s probably the most versatile choice.

JuiceBoxFaster, smarter, cleaner house EV charging Store Now

Home EV Charging: How to know which plug type is right for you

Find out: what is the difference between cut and copy

2. NEMA 6-50 Plug

As with the 14-50, 50 can be the utmost amperage for the NEMA 6-50 plug. The distinction between the 14-50 and 6-50 is that the 6-50 has no impartial – it solely has the 2 “hots” and the bottom. The 6-50 could also be marginally cheaper and simpler to put in, because the impartial wire is an added price and the ability wire is smaller and extra versatile.

Notice that dryer plugs, which are sometimes NEMA 14-30s and 10-30s, are solely suitable with 30 amp retailers. Certainly one of these retailers can solely present about 6 kilowatts—not sufficient amperage to realize the charging instances that merchandise like JuiceBox 40 can attain, though you need to use the app to scale back your JuiceBox’s energy.

Should you want extra energy than 50 amps—for instance, for a high-performance EV with an onboard 11-kW charger, you then’ll want to purchase a JuiceBox 48. For this ultra-powerful EV charger, you’ll must skip the outlet altogether and have an electrician hardwire the gadget on to the circuit. The everlasting hardwiring of the JuiceBox 48 is required for security causes. A licensed electrician will wire the gadget on to the circuit—with out the flexibility to plug and unplug the EV charging station.

The Backside Line

When it comes all the way down to it, plug kind has little influence in your EV charging expertise. Each are secure, fashionable, and {powerful} plugs that can allow you to cost your EV at house a lot quicker than with a typical 120-volt outlet. Should you drive a high-performance electrical automobile like a Tesla, chances are you’ll be higher off hardwiring your gadget as an alternative of plugging it in. Seek the advice of with a certified electrician to verify that your house’s electrical provide is sufficient for charging an EV utilizing a NEMA 14-50 or 6-50 plug.

Discover out which house EV charger is best for you with our product finder instrument.

View product finder

You might want to know: what is nystatin and triamcinolone acetonide used for