what is the difference between oxycodone and oxycontin?

what is the difference between oxycodone and oxycontin?

OxyContin vs. Oxycodone

OxyContin and oxycodone are each analgesics (pain-relieving drugs) that belong to the category of opiate or narcotic medication. Opioid medication are both manufactured straight opiate substances extracted from the poppy plant or artificial derivatives of them. most of the generally prescribed narcotic ache drugs are labeled as Schedule II managed substances by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

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Because of this whereas these medication have some vital medicinal results, they’re additionally substances with a major potential to be abused, and people who use or abuse them for vital durations of time are in danger to develop bodily dependence on them.

How Are OxyContin and Oxycodone Comparable?

Oxycodone and OxyContin are each names given to totally different pharmaceutical formulations of the identical opioid treatment.

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Thus, the similarities between oxycodone and OxyContin are quite a few in that they’re basically the identical substance. The variations are merely that oxycodone is an opioid substance that’s the principal ingredient in plenty of ache drugs (together with OxyContin) and that OxyContin is the time-release model of oxycodone. Any references to OxyContin are merely referring to oxycodone within the time-release model, such that the identical substance is slowly launched within the physique, and because of this people who take the drug would not have to take it as typically. {Many professional} websites typically consult with OxyContin and oxycodone interchangeably as a result of they’re basically the identical substance with this minor distinction.

As a result of OxyContin is a time-release type of oxycodone and customarily accommodates greater concentrations of oxycodone than medication that aren’t time-release variations, people who use the drug in manners inconsistent with its supposed use, corresponding to grinding it up and snorting it, mixing it in liquid and injecting it, or utilizing extraordinarily excessive quantities of the drug, might expertise extra enhanced results than people who abuse different medication with oxycodone in them, corresponding to Percocet, even when these medication are utilized in an identical method. Because of this for some people, OxyContin might have stronger results and could also be extra more likely to result in a substance use dysfunction in a shorter time frame than use of different medication with oxycodone in them. Nevertheless, each formulations are equally harmful and labeled by the DEA in the identical class as having vital potential for abuse and the event of bodily dependence. OxyContin vs. Oxycodone: Differences and Similarities

In essence, as a result of the 2 substances are basically the identical chemical substance, the results of utilizing them are related with few variations apart from these talked about above. In response to plenty of sources, such because the books Acute Ache Administration: A Sensible Information and Opiate Receptors, Neurotransmitters, and Drug Dependence: Primary Science-Scientific Correlates, these results embrace speedy points, potential negative effects, and long-term results.

Speedy results that happen who use the medication, embrace:

  • Emotions of euphoria
  • Emotions of rest
  • Marked reductions within the subjective expertise of ache
  • Marked reductions in anxiousness
  • Elevated sedation

Unintended effects that may happen in some people embrace:

  • Gastrointestinal points, corresponding to nausea, abdomen cramps, vomiting, and constipation
  • Drowsiness, flushing, sweating, dry mouth, and lack of urge for food
  • Weak spot, headache, and dizziness
  • Allergic reactions that will current as hives, itching, rash, and swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, or extremities
  • Respiratory points that sometimes embrace decreased respiration however might embrace extra severe points with together with problem swallowing
  • Postural hypotension that happens when people rise from a inclined place and their blood strain drops
  • Different cardiovascular points that may embrace modifications in heartbeat or blood strain
  • Excessive lethargy or comatose states (extra apt with overdoses)
  • Seizures, in uncommon instances

Lengthy-term points with using OxyContin or oxycodone embrace:

  • Growth of a extreme tolerance
  • Growth of withdrawal signs (An individual who has each tolerance and withdrawal signs can have developed bodily dependence on the drug.)
  • Growth of an opiate use dysfunction
  • In uncommon instances, liver and kidney failure with long-term use
  • Modifications within the mind that may result in points with consideration, reminiscence, and problem-solving talents

If an individual makes use of these medication based on their prescribed makes use of and beneath the supervision of a doctor, the potential for creating detrimental long-term results related to medicinal use is enormously lowered. People who abuse these medication for prolonged durations of time are at elevated danger to develop these long-term detrimental results and for overdose because of their tendency to binge on them or combine them with different medication, corresponding to alcohol. An overdose on narcotic medication will be probably deadly.

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Charges of Abuse

Trying to match and distinction charges of abuse between oxycodone and OxyContin could be like trying to match charges of consumption of enormous and medium-sized apples. The information just isn’t of curiosity to {most professional} organizations. Primarily, the medication are the identical with a number of minor variations to be used in medicinal functions. The nationwide knowledge stored on drug abuse displays this truth.

  • In 2004, 51,418 visits had been recorded.
  • In 2005, 62,469 visits had been recorded.
  • In 2006, 77,031 visits had been recorded.
  • In 2007, 93,936 visits had been recorded.
  • In 2008, 127,800 visits had been recorded.
  • In 2009, 176,476 visits had been recorded.
  • In 2010, 182,748 visits had been recorded.
  • In 2011, 175,229 visits had been recorded.

There was a gradual rise within the variety of emergency room visits related to oxycodone use after which the variety of visits leveled off from 2009 to 2011. Given the elevated restrictions on prescribing practices and particular consideration now positioned on these drugs, it may very well be anticipated that knowledge for the following recording time interval will mirror an identical leveling pattern or perhaps a downward pattern.

Remedy for Opiate Abuse

The therapy strategy for any particular person with an opiate use dysfunction on account of utilizing OxyContin or different oxycodone merchandise wouldn’t considerably differ in its general plan of motion. The therapy program ought to encompass the next elements:

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