what is the difference between part time and full time

what is the difference between part time and full time

Manager considering part-time vs. full-time schedules

Employers and staff alike usually marvel what the distinction is between part-time vs. full-time work schedules. And it actually isn’t any marvel as a result of rather a lot will depend on the part-time vs. full-time distinction.

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On this article, the specialists at Sling present you the way the part-time vs. full-time classification have an effect on all the things from schedules and pay to advantages and taxes. Earlier than we try this, although, it’s important that you simply perceive the authorized definitions of every class.

What Is Full-Time Work?

Clock representing part-time vs full-time work hours

In 1940, Congress amended the Truthful Labor Requirements Act (FLSA) to restrict the workweek to 40 hours. This shortly grew to become the usual for outlining a part-time vs. full-time work schedule.

Since then, numerous authorities departments have outlined full-time standing in another way. For instance, the Bureau of Labor Statistics defines “full-time” as 35 hours or extra per week. The Inexpensive Care Act defines “full-time” as averaging 30 hours every week. And the Truthful Labor Requirements Act doesn’t even contact on numbers however merely states that the provisions apply to each part-time vs. full-time work schedules.

It’s necessary to know that none of those definitions is legally binding. The one regulation on the books is the FLSA modification that limits the workweek to 40 hours.

Moreover, that doesn’t imply that your staff can’t work greater than 40 hours per week. It simply signifies that in the event that they do, they’re entitled to additional time.

This provides employers important freedom to outline what full-time means to them. Whereas some employers adhere to the 40-hour workweek because the definition of full-time, others decrease that commonplace to 35, 32, and even 30 hours per week.

What Is Half-Time Work?

An element-time work schedule is one during which an worker works lower than full-time. Sure, this can be a imprecise definition, nevertheless it serves as an instance the pliability you’ve gotten as an employer to designate what works for your enterprise.

As you’ll see within the subsequent part, a part-time worker is usually disqualified from receiving sure advantages, so it’s important to obviously outline part-time vs. full-time based on the wants of your enterprise.

A Warning About Half-Time vs. Full-Time Work Schedules

No matter the way you outline your part-time vs. full-time work schedule, it’s essential that you simply don’t discriminate. For instance, don’t make a few of your waiters part-time (and deny them advantages), and different waiters full-time.

Equally, keep away from making all males part-time staff and all ladies full-time staff (or vice versa). That’s a recipe for authorized bother down the highway.

Now that you simply perceive the definition of part-time vs. full-time work, we’ll examine what makes the 2 so completely different.

Half-Time Vs. Full-Time Work Schedules

1) Schedule

Half-time work schedules are sometimes extra versatile. One week your staff may go 4 eight-hour days. One other week, they could work three ten-hour days. They might even work a rotating shift or the evening shift if your enterprise wants that.

Due to this flexibility, part-time work schedules are higher for these going to highschool or for individuals who have one other part-time job.

Full-time work schedules, however, are extra stringent. Staff normally work from 8 a.m. to five p.m. Monday via Friday. Typically, a full-time work schedule is 4 ten-hour days. Both approach, a full-time work schedule calls for that an worker be obtainable all week.

2) Hours

Half-time vs. full-time work schedules are distinguished by the variety of hours every worker is required to work. Should you designate “part-time” as 32 hours or much less, that doesn’t imply you must schedule your part-time worker for the total 32 hours. Some weeks they could work all 32, whereas different weeks they could work much less.

Full-time work schedules normally point out that the worker shall be working at the very least that many hours. So if “full-time” for your enterprise means greater than 32 hours, your full-time staff shall be working that quantity persistently all year long.

Not often does a full-time worker work three twelve-hour days adopted by 4 nine-hour days. Most full-time staff will work a set variety of hours Monday via Friday (or Saturday).

3) Pay

Employee holding money from her paycheck

Pay is among the largest variations between part-time vs. full-time work schedules. And it’s not essentially about how a lot every worker is paid (a part-time worker could make simply as a lot as a full-time worker). Somewhat, it’s about how that pay is calculated.

Half-time staff are most frequently paid by the hour. So if their pay charge is $10/hour they usually work 30 hours in a single week, you’ll pay them $300.

Full-time staff will also be paid by the hour, however they’re generally as a substitute paid a flat wage whatever the hours labored in every week. So a full-time, salaried worker making $10/hour receives a paycheck for $450 whether or not they work 40 hours or 45 hours.

4) Advantages

Advantages are one other main distinguishing issue between part-time vs. full-time work schedules. Typically, part-time staff don’t obtain advantages, akin to medical health insurance, paid day without work, retirement, and inventory choices.

Most companies provide their full-time staff a compensation package deal that features the above choices in addition to reimbursements for childcare, schooling, and health.

It’s necessary to notice that advantages differ from employer to employer, and a few are even shifting towards providing their part-time staff the identical advantages as their full-time staff.

5) Taxes

Business owner working on taxes

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Each part-time and full-time staff are taxed in the identical approach. As an employer, you might be required to withhold revenue taxes and Federal Contributions Insurance coverage Act (FICA) taxes from each worker. You might be additionally answerable for paying unemployment taxes and employee’s compensation advantages.

6) Job Safety

Many staff think about a full-time job safer than a part-time job. They see it this fashion due to the misperception that part-time staff make much less cash, don’t obtain advantages, are less-highly educated, and are simpler to exchange. This isn’t all the time true.

Actually, each part-time and full-time staff may be let go at any time. Neither classification presents extra job safety than the opposite.

Execs And Cons Of Half-Time Vs. Full-Time

Execs Of Half-Time Staff

Decreased Prices

Hiring part-time staff has a direct impact in your backside line as a result of you’ll pay much less for salaries, advantages, and different bills.

The capital you save may be channeled into different facets of your operation like stock, workforce optimization, or rising your enterprise.

Assist When You Want It

Having part-time staff obtainable to name on a second’s discover if you’re short-staffed or extraordinarily busy relieves loads of the stress — for you and your staff — related to working a enterprise and offering glorious customer support.


Half-time staff have extra flexibility of their schedules. Because of this, managers usually discover it simpler to construct employees rotas as a result of they will insert part-time staff right here and there to fill in gaps.

Cons Of Half-Time Staff


As a result of they solely work just a few days (or hours) every week, part-time staff could exhibit much less dedication than full-time staff.

In lots of instances, although, you possibly can construct their dedication via tradition, ethics, teamwork, and engagement workouts.

Information Gaps

Half-time staff, by definition, work lower than full-time staff.

Fewer hours on the job means much less expertise and, in lots of instances, data gaps that may have a destructive impact on the work the worker does.

On-the-job coaching and efficiency value determinations could make up for these gaps, however it is going to take the part-time worker for much longer to exhibit the proficiency of a full-time worker.

Inconsistent Work

Information gaps and lack of expertise additionally result in inconsistent work. As their expertise grows, part-time staff will carry out extra persistently. Till then, be affected person with them.

In the event that they don’t appear to be enhancing, schedule a efficiency assessment and provides them objectives to try for.

Execs Of Full-Time Staff

full time employee serving a plate of food


Full-time staff are normally extra loyal than part-time staff.

Half-time staff could need to divide their consideration between working in your enterprise and dealing in one other enterprise.

Full-time staff, however, don’t need to divide their consideration. They may give all their power, focus, and creativity to the calls for of your enterprise.


Full-time staff don’t endure from data gaps like part-time staff do at first.

Full-time staff members achieve expertise in a short time. Because of this, their efficiency shall be extra constant (in a shorter period of time) than a part-time worker who began on the similar time.


Full-time staff are usually extra productive than part-time staff. Those that work a 40-hour workweek (or different full-time equal) can, in lots of instances, begin and end a venture in a single day or a single week.

Half-time staff (due to the way in which you scheduled them) could have to start out a venture on Monday, cease within the center on the finish of the workday, after which end the venture on Thursday once they return to work (or let another person end it).

That break within the schedule and the quantity of labor they will do instantly impacts the productiveness of the part-time worker.

Cons Of Full-Time Staff

Payroll Prices

Payroll prices for full-time staff will naturally be greater than these of part-time staff.

Your online business can pay the full-time staff member for extra hours per week, however it is going to additionally need to cope with advantages, insurance coverage, and, in some instances, additional time. All of that collectively could make payroll for full-time staff extraordinarily troublesome.


Full-time staff are additionally at greater threat of affected by burnout.

The trail to burnout begins with feeling disgruntled and escalates from there to preventing with coworkers and having a poisonous affect on the way in which your enterprise operates.

Work/Life Stability

Work/life stability can be a difficulty for a lot of full-time staff.

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They offer a lot consideration to acting at their greatest whereas at work, they won’t have the power or the time to loosen up, unwind, or end private duties after work.

When your full-time staff can’t stability their work life and their private life, they begin themselves down the slippery slope that results in burnout.

Key Issues Of Half-Time Vs. Full-Time

Additional time legal guidelines to your part-time vs. full-time staff are murky at greatest. All of it comes down as to if you outline an worker as exempt or nonexempt.

In response to the federal authorities, an exempt worker is one which meets the next standards:

  • Paid on a wage foundation (not hourly)
  • Makes at the very least $35,568 yearly
  • Has extra duty

Exempt staff don’t qualify for additional time. Nonexempt staff, however, meet the next standards:

  • Paid hourly or on wage
  • Makes at the very least the federal minimal wage
  • Has much less duty

The sort of worker does qualify for additional time.

That will not appear so troublesome, however if you throw part-time vs. full-time classification into the combo, issues change into rather less clear.

Each part-time and full-time staff may be labeled as exempt, however most part-time staff members are nonexempt and, due to this fact, qualify for additional time.

All of it will depend on the way you construction part-time vs. full-time in your enterprise. You should definitely verify with the IRS or with an lawyer who’s well-versed in each your trade and the additional time legal guidelines that pertain to it.

2) Discovering Half-Time Vs. Full-Time Staff

Discovering part-time vs. full-time staff includes the identical course of.

Likelihood is, you’ve discovered sources that work for your enterprise, however different easy and efficient choices embrace:

  • Placing up indicators or flyers
  • Partnering with nonprofits
  • Asking present staff to unfold the phrase
  • Posting place descriptions on job board web sites
  • Concentrating on potential staff on Fb and Twitter
  • Including a ‘Careers’ web page to your web site

No matter useful resource you employ to search out new hires, make sure to conduct an intensive interview to verify they’re proper for your enterprise.

3) Hiring Each Sorts Of Staff

Hiring a mixture of part-time and full-time staff is helpful for some companies however detrimental for different companies.

Some industries thrive on hiring solely part-time staff. Some industries, however, discover that the workload runs extra effectively once they rent solely full-time staff.

With an intensive data of how your enterprise works, you’ll be capable of establish the correct amount of part-time vs. full-time staff to rent to maintain issues working easily.

4) Onboarding Half-Time Vs. Full-Time Staff

It doesn’t matter for those who rent all part-time staff, all full-time staff, or a mixture of the 2, you’ll onboard them in precisely the identical approach.

Your online business will develop its personal distinctive onboarding course of, however most may have the identical fundamental elements:

  • Begin the method earlier than the brand new rent’s first day
  • Put together your staff for the brand new arrival
  • Set expectations for the brand new rent
  • Put together the worker’s workspace earlier than they arrive
  • Begin the brand new worker on a simple day
  • Make them really feel welcome

For extra info on onboarding new staff, take a look at these useful articles from Sling:

  • Welcome To The Staff: 6 Professional Suggestions For Profitable Onboarding
  • Onboarding Guidelines: The best way to Onboard Your Staff the Proper Method

5) Scheduling Staff

Sling app for scheduling epmployees

Scheduling part-time vs. full-time staff with something aside from one of the best software program makes your job far more troublesome.

The Sling suite of instruments is ideal for creating even essentially the most troublesome forms of schedules as a result of it presents options that different applications don’t.

Options of the Sling app embrace:

  • Highly effective and intuitive scheduling
  • Complete time-tracking (with geofencing)
  • Dynamic reporting
  • Time-saving payroll processing
  • Customizable communication (e.g., location-specific or team-wide)
  • Efficient budgeting
  • Productive labor-cost optimization
  • Useful additional time management
  • Versatile cloud-based distribution
  • And far more…

The Sling app even incorporates onboard synthetic intelligence that warns you when conflicts come up after which suggests options.

Strive Sling without cost to find the myriad methods it could actually assist streamline your human useful resource administration and take your enterprise to the subsequent stage.

Define Your Insurance policies In Your Worker Handbook

meeting on part-time vs full-time employees

No matter whether or not you rent part-time staff, full-time staff, or a mix of each, make sure to checklist all of this info in your worker handbook. That approach, every worker will know what to anticipate if you rent them to work and the place to search for solutions to frequent questions.

Moreover, make sure to replace your worker handbook periodically. Assessment it with long-time staff throughout a employees assembly and with new hires throughout the onboarding course of. If you try this, there shall be no confusion about part-time vs. full-time work.

For extra free sources that will help you handle your enterprise higher, set up and schedule your staff, and monitor and calculate labor prices, go to newurbanhabitat.com as we speak.

See extra in: Scheduling

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