what is the difference between project and program

what is the difference between project and program

Many imagine a programme is solely a bigger, longer model of a challenge. Regardless of the similarities, they’re really fairly completely different. Briefly, a challenge is a particular, single job that delivers a tangible output, whereas a programme is a group of associated initiatives.

Definition of a challenge

PRINCE2 defines a challenge as “a brief organisation that’s created for the aim of delivering a number of enterprise merchandise based on a specified enterprise case”.

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Initiatives have an finish and aren’t designed to final very lengthy. The challenge supervisor ensures the challenge delivers the supposed purpose, inside an outlined timeframe and price range.

Definition of a programme

A programme is outlined as “a gaggle of associated initiatives managed in a coordinated solution to get hold of advantages and management not accessible from managing them individually”.

Programmes are often long run, generally spanning years, and don’t have a set deadline. A programme is a framework of associated initiatives aligned in a particular sequence. They’ve predictable and repeatable parts to minimise and even remove dangers.

Venture and programme key variations





Content material



Properly-defined, restricted to an output

Broad and adjustable


Quick time period

Long run


Small duties


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Useful models


A number of






Final result





Mid-level employees

Prime-level employees


Product high quality, timeliness, value effectiveness, compliance and buyer satisfaction

Lengthy-term advantages to the organisation, ROI or new capabilities

Venture vs programme instance

Let’s say an organization desires to construct and market a brand new cell phone. This programme can be a group of various initiatives, like one for updating the working system and one other for sourcing the assets and uncooked supplies, together with the authorized, enterprise and help parts. Programme administration would handle the dependencies, so every challenge will get what it wants.

Programme and projects flowchart for making a mobile phone

Venture and programme similarities

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It’s good for challenge and programme managers to grasp the challenges every has to take care of, as each initiatives and programmes:

Are short-term Use enterprise circumstances Require a workforce Are aligned to strategic targets Ship change

Venture managers vs programme managers

Venture managers concentrate on the challenge’s deliverables, ensuring the challenge reaches its supposed final result on time and inside the price range.

Programme managers are often much less hands-on, however should view the larger image and visualise the advantages that particular person initiatives can have on the entire programme.


Venture supervisor

Programme supervisor


Monitor and management challenge duties

Monitor and management initiatives


The challenge employees, i.e. technicians and specialists

Managing relationships with challenge managers and their groups, releasing up assets and resolving conflicts

Who they handle

The challenge workforce

Different managers

Planning stage

Creates an in depth challenge plan for the assets, value, timeliness and supply

Creates high-level plans utilized by the challenge managers each as a information and to develop the detailed plans

The largest distinction is that initiatives take care of delivering strictly outlined outputs inside a particular timescale and price range, whereas programmes take care of delivering outputs that profit the complete organisation. Put merely, initiatives contain ‘doings issues proper’ and programmes contain ‘doing the fitting issues’. Comparable phrases, however very completely different meanings.

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