Query Why are some components on the Periodic Desk represented by letters that haven’t any clear connection to their names?
Some components have been identified in historical occasions and subsequently carry over their Latin names.
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There are eleven components represented within the periodic desk by letters not consistent with their names:
- Sodium (Na – Natrium)
- Potassium (Okay – Kalium)
- Iron (Fe – Ferrum)
- Copper (Cu – Cuprum)
- Silver (Ag – Argentum)
- Tin (Sn – Stannum)
- Antimony (Sb – Stibium)
- Tungsten (W – Wolfram)
- Gold (Au – Aurum)
- Mercury (Hg – Hydrargyrum)
- Lead (Pb – Plumbum)
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Almost all of those components have been identified in historical occasions and subsequently carry over their Latin names. Among the names additionally led to different phrases which might be frequent within the English language. For instance, plumbum, Latin for Lead (Pb), is the place we get the phrases plumber and plumbing, as a result of lead was utilized in water provide pipes for hundreds of years.
Different names have completely different origins. For example, hydrargyrum, the Latin identify for Mercury (Hg), was taken from the unique Greek hydrargyros, which meant “water silver.” Additionally traditionally often called “quicksilver,” elemental mercury is a shiny silver steel that’s liquid at room temperature.
Tungsten will get its W image from its German identify Wolfram. Wolfram comes from wolframite, which was one of many ores through which tungsten was most frequently discovered. The identify Tungsten itself is definitely Swedish and interprets into English as “heavy stone.”
The phrase potassium stems from the English “pot ash,” which was used to isolate potassium salts. We get Okay from the identify kalium, given by the German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth, which stemmed from alkali, which stemmed from the Arabic al-qalyah, or “plant ashes.”
The etymology of factor names can take you on a improbable journey and also you is perhaps shocked by the place you find yourself. Take a look at the additional studying part for books on the historical past of chemical components.
Printed: 5/5/2020. Writer: Science Reference Part, Library of Congress