Query Why are some components on the Periodic Desk represented by letters that don’t have any clear connection to their names?
Some components have been recognized in historical instances and subsequently carry over their Latin names.
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There are eleven components represented within the periodic desk by letters not in step with their names:
- Sodium (Na – Natrium)
- Potassium (Okay – Kalium)
- Iron (Fe – Ferrum)
- Copper (Cu – Cuprum)
- Silver (Ag – Argentum)
- Tin (Sn – Stannum)
- Antimony (Sb – Stibium)
- Tungsten (W – Wolfram)
- Gold (Au – Aurum)
- Mercury (Hg – Hydrargyrum)
- Lead (Pb – Plumbum)
Practically all of those components have been recognized in historical instances and subsequently carry over their Latin names. A few of the names additionally led to different phrases which can be frequent within the English language. For instance, plumbum, Latin for Lead (Pb), is the place we get the phrases plumber and plumbing, as a result of lead was utilized in water provide pipes for hundreds of years.
Different names have totally different origins. For example, hydrargyrum, the Latin identify for Mercury (Hg), was taken from the unique Greek hydrargyros, which meant “water silver.” Additionally traditionally often known as “quicksilver,” elemental mercury is a shiny silver metallic that’s liquid at room temperature.
Tungsten will get its W image from its German identify Wolfram. Wolfram comes from wolframite, which was one of many ores during which tungsten was most frequently discovered. The identify Tungsten itself is definitely Swedish and interprets into English as “heavy stone.”
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The phrase potassium stems from the English “pot ash,” which was used to isolate potassium salts. We get Okay from the identify kalium, given by the German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth, which stemmed from alkali, which stemmed from the Arabic al-qalyah, or “plant ashes.”
The etymology of component names can take you on a improbable journey and also you is likely to be stunned by the place you find yourself. Take a look at the additional studying part for books on the historical past of chemical components.
Revealed: 5/5/2020. Writer: Science Reference Part, Library of Congress