what is the main screen of a computer called

what is the main screen of a computer called

There are a number of phrases which can be generally utilized in discussions about and directions for pc use. This information will outline these frequent phrases that can assist you learn directions.


Desktop refers back to the most important display screen of the pc. It’s the first display screen you see after logging in. The desktop’s look can range extensively as a result of it’s extremely customizable, however typically desktops will characteristic a big picture, icons, and a taskbar (coated in a while this web page).

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Observe that the phrase desktop can be used to seek advice from a desktop pc. A desktop pc just isn’t transportable (it stays on the desk) whereas a laptop computer pc is transportable.


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A window is a viewing space that graphically shows a program in order that the consumer can work together with it. A window is adjustable, so it will possibly take up the whole display screen or simply a part of the display screen. Observe that it is a totally different time period from the Home windows working system—Macs even have home windows.

The look of home windows varies by working system and program. Not each program’s window will operate the identical. For instance, many packages open in full display screen by default, so you’ll not see any of the window’s toolbars or buttons. Most home windows have the identical options, which we are going to cowl right here.

  1. Menu bar. This toolbar accommodates numerous instructions that always result in dialog menus (coated in a while this web page). Home windows computer systems have this bar on the prime of home windows; Macs have this bar on the prime of the display screen as a substitute. The choices contained on this toolbar range enormously from program to program.
  2. Title bar. This exhibits the title of this system (on this case, Notepad) and has the reduce, maximize/resize, and shut buttons. If the window just isn’t maximized, you may click on and drag the title bar to maneuver the window.
  3. Reduce. Minimizing a program means making this system “collapse” into the taskbar. A minimized window is not seen however nonetheless operating.
  4. Maximize/resize. Clicking this button will maximize the window so it takes up the entire display screen. If the window is already maximized, clicking this button will resize the window to be smaller.
  5. Shut. This button closes the window.
  6. Resize nook. Clicking and dragging this button will change the dimensions of the window.

Clicking an possibility on the menu bar, corresponding to File, opens a dialog menu that provides you extra choices to work together with this system.

Directions on this course—and elsewhere—will typically use shorthand to point find out how to get to a selected command via dialog menus. This shorthand separates phrases that must be clicked with a > image. For instance, the directions for the screenshot above can be “File>Save.”


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The taskbar runs at one fringe of the display screen, virtually at all times the underside. The taskbar is used to entry the Begin menu and at the moment operating packages. Just like the desktop, it is extremely customizable.

  1. Begin menu button. The looks of the Begin button varies between variations, however it’s at all times the left-most button of the taskbar. The Begin menu can be opened by urgent the Home windows key () on the keyboard.
  2. Pinned packages. Applications could be pinned to the taskbar in order that they’re faster to get to: you may open a pinned program just by clicking on it. You’ll be able to customise which packages are pinned to the taskbar by opening a program, then right-clicking on this system’s taskbar icon and deciding on “Pin to Taskbar.” You can even unpin pinned packages by right-clicking this system’s icon and deciding on “Unpin from Taskbar.”
  3. Open (minimized) program. The icons of open packages will seem to the best of the pinned packages. In Home windows 10, the blue line beneath the icon signifies this system is minimized.
  4. System tray. The system tray is on the best facet of the taskbar. It shows the date and time and has icons that present useful info associated to pc and program features. The icons within the system tray range extensively from pc to pc relying on what packages are put in and what model of Home windows you’ve got, so don’t worry in case your system tray doesn’t match the screenshots on this course or your classmates’ system trays. Within the screenshot above, from left to proper within the system tray:
    • Arrow. When clicked expands to indicate extra system tray icons
    • Battery. This can be a characteristic of laptop computer computer systems. Hover over the battery icon to see how a lot cost is left.
    • Community. This icon exhibits the standing of your web connection. Within the screenshot above, the pc is linked to the web with a cable; wi-fi connection icons typically appear like a fan or a bar chart.
    • Sound. Clicking on the sound icon within the system tray means that you can change the quantity or mute your pc.
    • Date/time.
    • Notification middle. When your pc wants updates or has safety notifications, these messages could be accessed right here.
    • Present desktop. On the very far proper facet of the taskbar is a skinny line. Clicking the sliver of the taskbar between that line and the sting of your display screen will reduce all packages. Hovering the mouse over that sliver of display screen will let you “peek” on the desktop.

Observe that Macs wouldn’t have a taskbar, however they do have the same characteristic referred to as the Dock.

Test Your Understanding

Reply the query(s) beneath to see how properly you perceive the matters coated within the earlier part. This brief quiz does not depend towards your grade within the class, and you may retake it a limiteless variety of occasions.

Use this quiz to examine your understanding and determine whether or not to (1) research the earlier part additional or (2) transfer on to the subsequent part.

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