Effectively, the final weeks of winter are lastly right here, with the scent of Wattle signalling the promise of spring simply across the nook. The primary Magnolias are in flower and the gold and purple of Acacias and Hardenbergias create a dramatic floral show. The chilly, frosty mornings are a prelude to the burst of latest progress that heralds the approaching new season of life. We now have already had our justifiable share of frosty mornings and extra are seemingly, so proceed on with these frost harm prevention measures for a couple of extra weeks but.
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It’s nonetheless a wonderful time to plant naked root deciduous timber. We now have weeping specimen timber in addition to shade timber and different ornamentals, in addition to fruit timber, berries and vines. We even have a rose for all conditions: normal roses in addition to climbers, bush roses and ground-cover types. If you happen to want some assist deciding on a tree or rose, are available in and ask for some recommendation.
Produce Gardening in August
Click on right here for a full record of herbs, fruit and vegies that may be planted in Melbourne this month.
August is a wonderful month to plant your seed potatoes, asparagus, strawberries and rhubarb. Use solely seed potatoes to keep away from introducing ailments into the soil. Asparagus will final for years and years so select an space the place it received’t must be disturbed. Rhubarb is one other perennial which can do nicely left undisturbed so put together the soil nicely earlier than planting with a great deal of manure and compost.
Within the vegetable backyard it’s time to plant seed or seedlings of asian greens, beetroot, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, kale, leek, lettuce, onions, parsley, parsnip, peas, radish, rocket, silverbeet and spinach. Peas eaten recent from the pod are scrumptious and kids love them. It’s the beginning of the season to plant globe artichokes, strawberries, turnips, chicory, sunflowers and your final probability to plant jerusalem artichokes and spinach by seed.
Let nature management pest out breaks in your kitchen backyard by planting some helpful insect attracting flowers within the backyard. Go for mixes of alyssum, foxglove, echinacea, bergamont, poppies and calendula. Additionally, plant some coriander and dill to permit to go to seed. Companion crops camouflage your edible crops from bugs, improve progress in some instances, and as a bonus some are edible, equivalent to borage, pansies, viola, calendula and nasturtium. Click on right here for our companion planting factsheet.
Put down some wealthy compost or nicely aged manure across the drip strains of your fruit timber.
Put together different beds in your summer time greens by incorporating natural matter equivalent to well-rotted compost , blood and bone and animal manures. Inexperienced manure crops must be dug in now earlier than their stems grow to be too woody.
For these of you with glasshouses / hothouses or comparable you’ll be able to attempt your luck at getting an early begin with sowing seeds of tomatoes, chillies and eggplants. The seeds may also be germinated on a sunny windowsill indoors. You can even plant seedlings of basil and early, extra chilly tolerant tomatoes in your greenhouse. Early tomato seedling varieties embrace Apollo, Rouge de Marmande, KY1 and Roma.
Spring Into Seeds, Bulbs & Seedlings
We now have our spring-summer seed vary in inventory, with tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchinis and many different delectable summer time delicacies! We additionally now inventory a wide range of natural, non-hybridised herb and vegetable seeds. The seed of those could be collected to supply one other technology of true-to-type produce. Within the store additionally we now have summer time flowering bulbs, equivalent to Oriental Lilies and Peony Roses. Ideally attempt to get these in by the top of August for a superb summer time show.
Now could be the time to plant each summer time and autumn flowering bulbs and tubers, equivalent to Cannas, Dahlias, Liliums, Lily of the Valley, Hippeastrum, Tuberose, Nerines, Gladioli and Alstromeria. Put together the soil by mixing in loads of manure and don’t neglect to place the stakes in now for the tall Dahlias and different tall flowering crops.
It’s additionally time to plant summer time flowering seedlings equivalent to Snapdragons, Hollyhocks, Verbena and Lupins. Marigolds and Petunias could be planted now, however you have to to supply safety from late season frosts.
Pruning & Re-potting
If you happen to didn’t prune your Apricots in autumn (most well-liked time of yr) you’ll be able to prune them as soon as they begin flowering, which usually happens in direction of the top of August (pruning in winter permits entry of bacterial gumosis).
Winter flowering native shrubs which have completed flowering must be tip pruned to maintain them compact and to encourage bushy progress. Native shrubs could also be fertilised with blood and bone at half the advisable fee, or use a local fertiliser combine.
Many jonquils and daffodils may have completed their flowering. Minimize off the spent flower heads however depart the foliage to die again naturally. They want to do that so as to retailer vitamins within the bulb.
Proceed to liquid feed winter / spring flowering annuals each two weeks with an entire liquid fertiliser. Late this month is the time to prune Hibiscus and Gardenias after which fertilise them and different flowering evergreen shrubs with an all objective natural fertiliser and mulch nicely.
Repot overcrowded cacti and succulents. Use a cacti and succulent combine and pot them up into a bigger pot. Any damaged bits could be planted up and chances are you’ll even get new crops out of them.
Repot your ferns and different indoor crops and take away any useless or broken progress.
Take away spent blooms in your Azaleas and Camellias. New progress buds happen in the back of every flower. Once they have fully completed flowering give them a dose of Azalea and Camellia fertiliser.
You probably have not already pruned your roses, now’s the time to take action. Bear in mind to wash and sharpen secateurs and prune with the goals of chopping out useless wooden, enhancing air circulation, creating sturdy construction, and particularly selling flowering. Fertilise with an natural Rose Meals later this month to advertise new spring progress. Spraying Lime Sulphur or Copper Sulphate on the naked stems right now will help forestall fungal illness. Additionally keep in mind to spray Peaches and Nectarines for Leaf Curl illness (extra data beneath) simply because the buds start to swell.
Pests, Ailments & different annoyances
Find out: how to build a backyard garden
Fruit Tree Points
To assist management overwintering pests and ailments, it’s your final probability to clear up any fallen particles from beneath the timber and within the department junctions of the timber. Be sure that any wholesome prunings go to the inexperienced waste recycling or are chopped up in a scorching compost. Additionally scout for and take away any overwintering pests on the base of timber, within the cracks of bark, in tough bark and inside the department junctions.
Grapes could be sprayed with lime sulphur simply earlier than bud burst to assist management fungal issues and the ‘Grape Blister Mite’
To your deciduous timber, in the event you’ve had issues occurring, like scale, bacterial and fungal ailments, chances are you’ll wish to do a winter spray with Bordeaux, copper or lime sulphur.
Peach Leaf Curl
Growers of fruit timber, equivalent to peaches, nectarines, almonds and infrequently apricots, have all been confronted at one time or one other with the brand new leaves on their timber changing into thickened with blisters and curling up. The blisters begin off pink in color, then flip white with a bloom of fungal spores.
Peach Leaf Curl is a fungal illness that infects Peaches, Nectarines, Almonds and different Prunus species. The signs are observed in spring and summer time, when the leaves seem with raised lumpy gentle inexperienced and pink patches and are curled up. This downside weakens the tree if it happens yr after yr, and can lead to a lowered fruit yield. When you see the signs, it’s too late to spray. The timber must be sprayed from mid-to-late winter from bud swell till the leaves emerge. Spray with Copper oxychloride throughout this era, and once more after rain, because the rain will wash off the spray. It is a preventative spray, so the swelling buds must be coated with the copper spray. The nursery places up indicators after we spray our Peaches, Nectarines and Almonds to remind you when to spray your personal timber at house.
If you happen to would favor to not use the fungicides yr after yr, be very vigilant and decide off affected leaves as quickly as they seem. (Get rid of them along with your rubbish and never in your compost). Nevertheless, this may weaken the tree so encourage new progress by feeding with some fast-acting natural fertiliser, equivalent to Blood & Bone. In case your tree was very badly affected one season, chances are you’ll have to think about using a fungicide the subsequent.
Click on right here for extra data on Peach Leaf Curl.
It’s a good time to plant citrus. There are various dwarf varieties now obtainable in addition to a variety of standard varieties. Bear in mind to guard citrus from Citrus Gall Wasp by chopping out any affected wooden and hanging sticky traps within the timber.
Youngsters within the Backyard
Arrange a sunny windowsill inside as a mini-greenhouse. Small containers, equivalent to empty yoghurt tubs or strawberry punnets (with holes punched by) can be utilized with seed-raising combine to start out rising tomatoes, pumpkins, cucumbers and different tender summer time vegies. Be sure that the soil is saved moist and your seedlings might be nicely and really prepared for planting exterior when the soil warms up.
Photos Cauliflower picture © Oasis Horticulture… used with permission. Succulents picture © Bulleen Artwork & Backyard