When to Plant Potatoes
Potatoes want cool climate.
In Northern areas, some gardeners will plant the primary crop of early-maturing potatoes in early to mid-April, 6 to eight weeks earlier than the typical final frost date or as quickly because the soil might be labored; they will survive some cool climate however the specter of frost is a raffle. If there’s a risk of frost at night time, briefly cowl any sprouted foliage with mulch or a man-made overlaying corresponding to outdated sheets or plastic containers (and make sure you keep in mind to take away the coverings within the morning).
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- To keep away from frost, think about beginning potatoes 0 to 2 weeks after your final spring frost. You might plant earlier, as quickly as soil might be labored, however bear in mind that some crops could also be ruined by a frost or overly moist soil.
- The soil, not the calendar, will let you know when it’s time to plant. The temperature of the soil ought to—ideally—be no less than 50°F (10°C). The soil must also not be so moist that it sticks collectively and is difficult to work. Let it dry out a bit first. Like different seeds, potato seed items will rot if planted in floor that’s too moist.
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In Southern areas, potatoes might be grown as a winter crop and planting occasions vary from September to February. The place winters are comparatively gentle, you may plant a fall crop in September. In central Florida, gardeners plant potatoes in January; and in Georgia they plant in February.
See our Planting Information for the perfect dates to plant by zip code or postal code.
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Getting ready the Planting Web site
- Potatoes develop finest in cool, well-drained, unfastened soil that’s about 45° to 55°F (7° to 13°C).
- Select a location that will get full solar—no less than 6 hours of daylight every day.
- Develop potatoes in rows spaced about 3 toes aside.
- With a hoe or round-point shovel, dig a trench about 6 inches huge and eight inches deep, tapering the underside to about 3 inches huge.
- Unfold and blend in fully-rotted manure or natural compost within the backside of the ditch earlier than planting. (Be taught extra about soil amendments and getting ready soil for planting.)
Find out how to Plant Potatoes
- In every trench, place a seed potato piece (reduce aspect down) each 12 to 14 inches and canopy with 3 to 4 inches of soil.
- In case your backyard soil could be very rocky, put the seed potato items straight on the bottom. Sprinkle with a mixture of soil and compost. Cowl them with straw or leaves, hilling the fabric up because the potatoes develop.
- One of the best starters are seed potatoes. Do not confuse seed potatoes with potato seeds or grocery produce! Choose seed potatoes which have protruding eyes (buds).
- Use a clear, sharp paring knife to chop giant potatoes into items which might be roughly the scale of a golf ball, ensuring that there are no less than 2 eyes on every bit. (Potatoes which might be smaller than a hen’s egg ought to be planted entire.)
- If you’re reducing up potato items your self, accomplish that 1 to 2 days forward of planting. This can give them the prospect to “heal” and kind a protecting layer over the reduce floor, bettering each moisture retention and decay resistance.
- 12 to 16 days after planting, when sprouts seem, use a hoe to softly fill within the trench with one other 3 to 4 inches of soil, leaving just a few inches of the crops uncovered. Repeat in a number of weeks, leaving the soil mounded up 4 to five inches above floor degree (that is known as “hilling” and is defined extra right here.).
- After the potato crops have emerged, add natural mulch between the rows to preserve moisture, assist with weed management, and funky the soil.
Try this wonderful video to see the right way to plant potatoes.
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