when to put manure on vegetable garden

when to put manure on vegetable garden

Up to date and revised by Richard Kersbergen, Extension Professor and Cooperating Professor in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Initially Developed by Mahmoud El-Begearmi, Extension Professor. Reviewed by Beth Calder, Extension Professor and Assistant Professor of Meals Science; and David Handley, Extension Professor and Cooperating Professor of Horticulture.

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You're reading: when to put manure on vegetable garden

Publicity about E. coli outbreaks has made folks extra conscious of the chance of food-borne sickness. In consequence, many individuals are asking concerning the security of utilizing manure on vegetable gardens.

Animal manure can comprise micro organism resembling Listeria, Salmonella, and E. coli 0157:H7, in addition to roundworms and tapeworms. These tiny organisms are referred to as pathogens as a result of they might trigger illness. Pathogens can move from animal manure to people by way of direct contact between contaminated manure and contemporary fruit and greens.

Word: some folks could also be extra in danger for food-borne sickness and shouldn’t eat raw greens from manured gardens. Those that ought to be most cautious embrace pregnant girls, the aged, very younger youngsters, and people with well being points resembling most cancers, kidney failure, continual liver illness, diabetes, or AIDS.

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thermometer in compost reads 140 degrees F; photo by Edwin Remsberg, USDATo cut back the chance of illness transmission, meals security specialists counsel that you simply comply with these protected gardening practices:

  • Use composted manure. Composting manure together with your yard and backyard waste assist scale back the chance of contaminating your backyard greens with pathogens. Guaranteeing that your compost pile reaches a temperature of 140°F will additional scale back the chance. For extra info on dwelling composting, contact your College of Maine Cooperative Extension County Workplace. Commercially processed manure, out there in backyard facilities, ought to point out on the package deal whether it is pathogen-free.
  • By no means use cat, canine, or pig manure in vegetable gardens or compost piles. Parasites that could be in a lot of these manure usually tend to survive and infect folks than these in different forms of manure. It is usually necessary to maintain your pets out of your vegetable backyard.
  • Use water that meets protected consuming requirements to irrigate your greens (for water testing info, contact your UMaine Extension County Workplace). That is most necessary inside one month of harvest. For those who use any water that’s not drinkable (potable), resembling water from previous dug wells or rain barrels, to irrigate your backyard, it’s best to make use of drip (trickle) irrigation to each preserve water and decrease the contamination of leafy greens that may happen with overhead irrigation. Data on easy trickle irrigation methods is out there at your UMaine Extension county workplace.

For those who do intend to make use of uncooked manure as a soil modification or fertilizer supply in your backyard, comply with these pointers:

  • Apply uncooked manure a minimum of 120 days earlier than harvesting a crop that has the potential for soil contact (leafy greens, root crops, and so forth). The USDA Nationwide Natural Program (NOP) requirements enable a 90-day interval between manure software and harvest for crops that don’t have direct contact potential with soil.
  • For some gardeners in Maine, the perfect time to use uncooked manure to your backyard could also be within the fall after harvest; incorporate it into the soil and plant a canopy crop to carry vitamins over the winter. This ought to be finished earlier than October 1 for good cowl crop institution.
  • By no means use uncooked manure as a sidedress to rising crops. Manure that’s included and distributed all through the soil has a a lot decrease threat of passing pathogens to the rising crop.
  • Contemplate the supply for those who nonetheless need to use uncooked manures in your backyard. Are the animals within the herd or flock wholesome? Is there a parasite downside that requires common deworming? Does the farm use antibiotics as a daily part of their feeding program?

Within the Kitchen

  • Ensure that your palms are clear when dealing with produce. Often wash your palms with cleaning soap and water, particularly when selecting produce and bringing it into the kitchen for direct consumption or processing.
  • Use correct hand-washing methods, resembling washing for 20 seconds with sizzling, soapy water and completely scrubbing fingernails, palms, and between fingers. Dry palms completely with a clear towel or single-use paper towels. At all times wash palms after utilizing the toilet, altering diapers, and dealing with animals.
  • Wash and peel your backyard greens. All produce ought to be washed very properly earlier than you eat it. The chance of contamination is biggest for crops like radishes, carrots, and leafy greens resembling lettuce, the place the edible components contact the soil. Washing with clear water and peeling will take away a lot of the pathogens that may trigger sickness. Totally cooking the greens will kill any remaining pathogens.
  • At all times wash with clear, potable water. Don’t use soaps or chlorine washes to clean produce. Vegetable wash merchandise will not be crucial, and haven’t been discovered to be any simpler than clear water.* When washing or rinsing greens, don’t use water that’s colder than the produce by 10°F or extra.

*Crowe, Kristi, Alfred Bushway and Mahmoud El-Begearmi, 2004. Bulletin #4336, Finest Methods to Wash Fruits and Greens. Meals Security Details. Orono, ME: College of Maine Cooperative Extension.

This info is tailored from Tips for Utilizing Manure on Vegetable Gardens with the permission of Washington State College Extension.

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